Korean international students coping resources and psychological adjustment in Australia

Anita Mak, Inkuk Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Despite a large and increasing number of Korean international students in Australia, there has been limited research on their cross-cultural psychological experiences. The present study aimed to examine the relative contributions of various coping resources to explaining the variation in depressive symptom - an indicator of psychological adjustment - among Korean students in Australia. Based on previous research on cross-cultural adjustment, it was hypothesized that lower levels of English proficiency, social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness would be predictive of more depressive symptoms. Participants in the present study were 185 Korean international tertiary students (99 males, 85 females and one unknown) in Sydney and Canberra. One hundred and eighteen participants completed a self-report questionnaire in Sydney and 67 participants completed it in Canberra. Results obtained showed that lower levels of social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness predicted more depressive symptoms, but English proficiency was not associated with depressive symptoms. Regression analysis revealed that low levels of social connectedness and academic self-efficacy were the best predictors of Korean students’ depressive symptoms. Mediating analyses showed that the relationships between social support and depressive symptoms and between intercultural social self-efficacy and depressive symptoms were fully mediated by social connectedness. The implications of the present study include the need for future research and programs to enhance Korean and other international tertiary students’ cross-cultural coping resources, especially social connectedness, in a multicultural social environment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)56-84
    Number of pages29
    JournalOMNES
    Volume2
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Fingerprint

    self-efficacy
    coping
    resources
    social support
    student
    regression analysis
    questionnaire
    experience

    Cite this

    @article{b2a46c46f5514459b4420c7e23375ab5,
    title = "Korean international students coping resources and psychological adjustment in Australia",
    abstract = "Despite a large and increasing number of Korean international students in Australia, there has been limited research on their cross-cultural psychological experiences. The present study aimed to examine the relative contributions of various coping resources to explaining the variation in depressive symptom - an indicator of psychological adjustment - among Korean students in Australia. Based on previous research on cross-cultural adjustment, it was hypothesized that lower levels of English proficiency, social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness would be predictive of more depressive symptoms. Participants in the present study were 185 Korean international tertiary students (99 males, 85 females and one unknown) in Sydney and Canberra. One hundred and eighteen participants completed a self-report questionnaire in Sydney and 67 participants completed it in Canberra. Results obtained showed that lower levels of social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness predicted more depressive symptoms, but English proficiency was not associated with depressive symptoms. Regression analysis revealed that low levels of social connectedness and academic self-efficacy were the best predictors of Korean students’ depressive symptoms. Mediating analyses showed that the relationships between social support and depressive symptoms and between intercultural social self-efficacy and depressive symptoms were fully mediated by social connectedness. The implications of the present study include the need for future research and programs to enhance Korean and other international tertiary students’ cross-cultural coping resources, especially social connectedness, in a multicultural social environment.",
    keywords = "acculturation, International students, social connectedness",
    author = "Anita Mak and Inkuk Kim",
    year = "2011",
    doi = "10.15685/omnes.2011.06.2.1.56",
    language = "English",
    volume = "2",
    pages = "56--84",
    journal = "OMNES",
    issn = "2093-5498",
    number = "1",

    }

    Korean international students coping resources and psychological adjustment in Australia. / Mak, Anita; Kim, Inkuk.

    In: OMNES, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2011, p. 56-84.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Korean international students coping resources and psychological adjustment in Australia

    AU - Mak, Anita

    AU - Kim, Inkuk

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - Despite a large and increasing number of Korean international students in Australia, there has been limited research on their cross-cultural psychological experiences. The present study aimed to examine the relative contributions of various coping resources to explaining the variation in depressive symptom - an indicator of psychological adjustment - among Korean students in Australia. Based on previous research on cross-cultural adjustment, it was hypothesized that lower levels of English proficiency, social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness would be predictive of more depressive symptoms. Participants in the present study were 185 Korean international tertiary students (99 males, 85 females and one unknown) in Sydney and Canberra. One hundred and eighteen participants completed a self-report questionnaire in Sydney and 67 participants completed it in Canberra. Results obtained showed that lower levels of social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness predicted more depressive symptoms, but English proficiency was not associated with depressive symptoms. Regression analysis revealed that low levels of social connectedness and academic self-efficacy were the best predictors of Korean students’ depressive symptoms. Mediating analyses showed that the relationships between social support and depressive symptoms and between intercultural social self-efficacy and depressive symptoms were fully mediated by social connectedness. The implications of the present study include the need for future research and programs to enhance Korean and other international tertiary students’ cross-cultural coping resources, especially social connectedness, in a multicultural social environment.

    AB - Despite a large and increasing number of Korean international students in Australia, there has been limited research on their cross-cultural psychological experiences. The present study aimed to examine the relative contributions of various coping resources to explaining the variation in depressive symptom - an indicator of psychological adjustment - among Korean students in Australia. Based on previous research on cross-cultural adjustment, it was hypothesized that lower levels of English proficiency, social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness would be predictive of more depressive symptoms. Participants in the present study were 185 Korean international tertiary students (99 males, 85 females and one unknown) in Sydney and Canberra. One hundred and eighteen participants completed a self-report questionnaire in Sydney and 67 participants completed it in Canberra. Results obtained showed that lower levels of social support, intercultural social self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy and social connectedness predicted more depressive symptoms, but English proficiency was not associated with depressive symptoms. Regression analysis revealed that low levels of social connectedness and academic self-efficacy were the best predictors of Korean students’ depressive symptoms. Mediating analyses showed that the relationships between social support and depressive symptoms and between intercultural social self-efficacy and depressive symptoms were fully mediated by social connectedness. The implications of the present study include the need for future research and programs to enhance Korean and other international tertiary students’ cross-cultural coping resources, especially social connectedness, in a multicultural social environment.

    KW - acculturation

    KW - International students

    KW - social connectedness

    U2 - 10.15685/omnes.2011.06.2.1.56

    DO - 10.15685/omnes.2011.06.2.1.56

    M3 - Article

    VL - 2

    SP - 56

    EP - 84

    JO - OMNES

    JF - OMNES

    SN - 2093-5498

    IS - 1

    ER -