Lagrangian drogue-based drifter for monitoring suspended sediment transport in intertidal environments

Takahiro Nishi, Charles Lemckert, Kentaro Hayashi, Fumihiko Yamada

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The in-situ Lagrangian-Acoustic Drogue (LAD) presented by Schacht and Lemckert (2007) for monitoring the temporal and spatial distributions of both the current and the suspended sediment concentration within the estuary environments has been modified to operate in the shallow water intertidal regions. The new drogue, called the LAD for Inter-Tidal environments (LAD-IT), is equipped with a Global Positioning System (GPS), a small Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) and nephelometer. The small ADCP, which did not have a bottom tracking facility, was used to maximize the range of depths the LAD-IT could operate over. The accuracy of a vertical current profile measured using the LAD-IT was examined through the laboratory experiments conducted at an outdoor stream pool in Kumamoto, Japan, with uni-directional flow conditions, and through the field experiments conducted within an intertidal zone of Ariake Sound in Kumamot, Japan, with multi-directional flow conditions. Under uni- directional flow conditions the current profile was measured within 7% accuracy by summing the surface current velocity calculated using GPS tracking and the relative current profile measured using ADCP. Under multi-directional flow conditions, such as those of tide and wind-induced wave fields, the current profile agreed within 5% accuracy. This was partly because both Eulerian and Lagrangian mass transport velocities under these conditions were on the order of 1cm/s, and thus the error value was very small. The temporal and spatial distributions of both the current velocity and the suspended sediment concentration were also measured using the LAD-IT on the Brisbane River, Australia under uni-directional flow conditions. The field observation results support the conventional concept of the suspended sediment as a vertical balance between downward suspended sediment settling and upward turbulent diffusion fluxes. The results indicate the LAD-IT is adequate for estimating the sediment settling velocity in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 32nd Conference on Coastal Engineering, Shanghai, China, 2010
EditorsJane McKee Smith, Patrick Lynett
Place of PublicationChina
PublisherCoastal Engineering Research Council
Pages1-13
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9780989661102
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Coastal Engineering (ICCE 2010) - Shanghai, Shanghai, China
Duration: 30 Jun 20105 Jul 2010
https://icce-ojs-tamu.tdl.org/icce/index.php/icce/issue/view/154 (Conference Proceedings)

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference
PublisherCoastal Engineering Research Council
Number32
ISSN (Print)2156-1028

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Coastal Engineering (ICCE 2010)
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period30/06/105/07/10
Internet address

Fingerprint

Suspended sediments
drifter
Sediment transport
intertidal environment
suspended sediment
sediment transport
acoustics
Acoustics
Monitoring
Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
monitoring
temporal distribution
GPS
spatial distribution
Spatial distribution
turbulent diffusion
Global positioning system
settling velocity
current velocity
wave field

Cite this

Nishi, T., Lemckert, C., Hayashi, K., & Yamada, F. (2010). Lagrangian drogue-based drifter for monitoring suspended sediment transport in intertidal environments. In J. McKee Smith, & P. Lynett (Eds.), Proceedings of 32nd Conference on Coastal Engineering, Shanghai, China, 2010 (pp. 1-13). (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference; No. 32). China: Coastal Engineering Research Council.
Nishi, Takahiro ; Lemckert, Charles ; Hayashi, Kentaro ; Yamada, Fumihiko. / Lagrangian drogue-based drifter for monitoring suspended sediment transport in intertidal environments. Proceedings of 32nd Conference on Coastal Engineering, Shanghai, China, 2010. editor / Jane McKee Smith ; Patrick Lynett. China : Coastal Engineering Research Council, 2010. pp. 1-13 (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference; 32).
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Nishi, T, Lemckert, C, Hayashi, K & Yamada, F 2010, Lagrangian drogue-based drifter for monitoring suspended sediment transport in intertidal environments. in J McKee Smith & P Lynett (eds), Proceedings of 32nd Conference on Coastal Engineering, Shanghai, China, 2010. Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference, no. 32, Coastal Engineering Research Council, China, pp. 1-13, International Conference on Coastal Engineering (ICCE 2010), Shanghai, China, 30/06/10.

Lagrangian drogue-based drifter for monitoring suspended sediment transport in intertidal environments. / Nishi, Takahiro; Lemckert, Charles; Hayashi, Kentaro; Yamada, Fumihiko.

Proceedings of 32nd Conference on Coastal Engineering, Shanghai, China, 2010. ed. / Jane McKee Smith; Patrick Lynett. China : Coastal Engineering Research Council, 2010. p. 1-13 (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference; No. 32).

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

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N2 - The in-situ Lagrangian-Acoustic Drogue (LAD) presented by Schacht and Lemckert (2007) for monitoring the temporal and spatial distributions of both the current and the suspended sediment concentration within the estuary environments has been modified to operate in the shallow water intertidal regions. The new drogue, called the LAD for Inter-Tidal environments (LAD-IT), is equipped with a Global Positioning System (GPS), a small Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) and nephelometer. The small ADCP, which did not have a bottom tracking facility, was used to maximize the range of depths the LAD-IT could operate over. The accuracy of a vertical current profile measured using the LAD-IT was examined through the laboratory experiments conducted at an outdoor stream pool in Kumamoto, Japan, with uni-directional flow conditions, and through the field experiments conducted within an intertidal zone of Ariake Sound in Kumamot, Japan, with multi-directional flow conditions. Under uni- directional flow conditions the current profile was measured within 7% accuracy by summing the surface current velocity calculated using GPS tracking and the relative current profile measured using ADCP. Under multi-directional flow conditions, such as those of tide and wind-induced wave fields, the current profile agreed within 5% accuracy. This was partly because both Eulerian and Lagrangian mass transport velocities under these conditions were on the order of 1cm/s, and thus the error value was very small. The temporal and spatial distributions of both the current velocity and the suspended sediment concentration were also measured using the LAD-IT on the Brisbane River, Australia under uni-directional flow conditions. The field observation results support the conventional concept of the suspended sediment as a vertical balance between downward suspended sediment settling and upward turbulent diffusion fluxes. The results indicate the LAD-IT is adequate for estimating the sediment settling velocity in the field.

AB - The in-situ Lagrangian-Acoustic Drogue (LAD) presented by Schacht and Lemckert (2007) for monitoring the temporal and spatial distributions of both the current and the suspended sediment concentration within the estuary environments has been modified to operate in the shallow water intertidal regions. The new drogue, called the LAD for Inter-Tidal environments (LAD-IT), is equipped with a Global Positioning System (GPS), a small Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) and nephelometer. The small ADCP, which did not have a bottom tracking facility, was used to maximize the range of depths the LAD-IT could operate over. The accuracy of a vertical current profile measured using the LAD-IT was examined through the laboratory experiments conducted at an outdoor stream pool in Kumamoto, Japan, with uni-directional flow conditions, and through the field experiments conducted within an intertidal zone of Ariake Sound in Kumamot, Japan, with multi-directional flow conditions. Under uni- directional flow conditions the current profile was measured within 7% accuracy by summing the surface current velocity calculated using GPS tracking and the relative current profile measured using ADCP. Under multi-directional flow conditions, such as those of tide and wind-induced wave fields, the current profile agreed within 5% accuracy. This was partly because both Eulerian and Lagrangian mass transport velocities under these conditions were on the order of 1cm/s, and thus the error value was very small. The temporal and spatial distributions of both the current velocity and the suspended sediment concentration were also measured using the LAD-IT on the Brisbane River, Australia under uni-directional flow conditions. The field observation results support the conventional concept of the suspended sediment as a vertical balance between downward suspended sediment settling and upward turbulent diffusion fluxes. The results indicate the LAD-IT is adequate for estimating the sediment settling velocity in the field.

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KW - Water tracking ability

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A2 - Lynett, Patrick

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ER -

Nishi T, Lemckert C, Hayashi K, Yamada F. Lagrangian drogue-based drifter for monitoring suspended sediment transport in intertidal environments. In McKee Smith J, Lynett P, editors, Proceedings of 32nd Conference on Coastal Engineering, Shanghai, China, 2010. China: Coastal Engineering Research Council. 2010. p. 1-13. (Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference; 32).