Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe - The continental perspective

The GEMAS Project Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lead isotopes are widely used for age dating, for tracking sources of melts, sediments, Pb products, food and animals and for studying atmospheric Pb contamination. For the first time, a map of a Pb isotope landscape at the continental-scale is presented. Agricultural soil samples (Ap-horizon, 0-20cm) collected at an average density of 1 site/2500km2 were analysed for Pb concentration and Pb isotopes (206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb). Lead concentrations vary from 1.6 to 1309mg/kg, with a median of 16mg/kg. Isotopic ratios of 206Pb/207Pb range from 1.116 to 1.727 with a median of 1.202. The new data define the soil geochemical Pb background for European agricultural soil, providing crucial information for geological, environmental and forensic sciences, public health, environmental policy and mineral exploration. The European continental-scale patterns of Pb concentrations and Pb isotopes show a high variability dominated by geology and influenced by climate. Lead concentration anomalies mark most of the known mineralised areas throughout Europe. Some local Pb anomalies have a distinct anthropogenic origin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-542
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Geochemistry
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

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lead isotope
agricultural soil
Isotopes
isotope
Soils
Lead
forensic science
animal product
anomaly
mineral exploration
Mineral exploration
isotopic ratio
environmental policy
public health
Public health
Geology
geology
melt
Sediments
Animals

Cite this

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title = "Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe - The continental perspective",
abstract = "Lead isotopes are widely used for age dating, for tracking sources of melts, sediments, Pb products, food and animals and for studying atmospheric Pb contamination. For the first time, a map of a Pb isotope landscape at the continental-scale is presented. Agricultural soil samples (Ap-horizon, 0-20cm) collected at an average density of 1 site/2500km2 were analysed for Pb concentration and Pb isotopes (206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb). Lead concentrations vary from 1.6 to 1309mg/kg, with a median of 16mg/kg. Isotopic ratios of 206Pb/207Pb range from 1.116 to 1.727 with a median of 1.202. The new data define the soil geochemical Pb background for European agricultural soil, providing crucial information for geological, environmental and forensic sciences, public health, environmental policy and mineral exploration. The European continental-scale patterns of Pb concentrations and Pb isotopes show a high variability dominated by geology and influenced by climate. Lead concentration anomalies mark most of the known mineralised areas throughout Europe. Some local Pb anomalies have a distinct anthropogenic origin.",
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author = "{The GEMAS Project Team} and Clemens Reimann and Belinda Flem and Karl Fabian and Manfred Birke and Anna Ladenberger and Philippe N{\'e}grel and Alecos Demetriades and Jurian Hoogewerff and S. Albanese and M. Andersson and A. Arnoldussen and R. Baritz and Batista, {M. J.} and A. Bel-lan and D. Cicchella and E. Dinelli and {De Vivo}, B. and {De Vos}, W. and M. Duris and A. Dusza-Dobek and Eggen, {O. A.} and M. Eklund and V. Ernstsen and P. Filzmoser and Finne, {T. E.} and D. Flight and S. Forrester and M. Fuchs and U. Fugedi and A. Gilucis and M. Gosar and V. Gregorauskiene and A. Gulan and J. Halamić and E. Haslinger and P. Hayoz and G. Hobiger and R. Hoffmann and H. Hrvatovic and S. Husnjak and L. Janik and Johnson, {C. C.} and G. Jordan and J. Kirby and J. Kivisilla and V. Klos and F. Krone and P. Kwecko and L. Kuti and A. Lima and J. Locutura and P. Lucivjansky and D. Mackovych and Malyuk, {B. I.} and R. Maquil and M. McLaughlin and {R.G. Meuli}, Meuli and N. Miosic and G. Mol and P. O'Connor and K. Oorts and Ottesen, {R. T.} and A. Pasieczna and V. Petersell and S. Pfleiderer and M. Poňavič and C. Prazeres and U. Rauch and I. Salpeteur and A. Schedl and A. Scheib and I. Schoeters and P. Sefcik and E. Sellersj{\"o} and F. Skopljak and I. Slaninka and A. Šorša and R. Srvkota and T. Stafilov and T. Tarvainen and V. Trendavilov and P. Valera and V. Verougstraete and D. Vidojević and Zissimos, {A. M.} and Z. Zomeni",
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Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe - The continental perspective. / The GEMAS Project Team.

In: Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 27, No. 3, 01.03.2012, p. 532-542.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe - The continental perspective

AU - The GEMAS Project Team

AU - Reimann, Clemens

AU - Flem, Belinda

AU - Fabian, Karl

AU - Birke, Manfred

AU - Ladenberger, Anna

AU - Négrel, Philippe

AU - Demetriades, Alecos

AU - Hoogewerff, Jurian

AU - Albanese, S.

AU - Andersson, M.

AU - Arnoldussen, A.

AU - Baritz, R.

AU - Batista, M. J.

AU - Bel-lan, A.

AU - Cicchella, D.

AU - Dinelli, E.

AU - De Vivo, B.

AU - De Vos, W.

AU - Duris, M.

AU - Dusza-Dobek, A.

AU - Eggen, O. A.

AU - Eklund, M.

AU - Ernstsen, V.

AU - Filzmoser, P.

AU - Finne, T. E.

AU - Flight, D.

AU - Forrester, S.

AU - Fuchs, M.

AU - Fugedi, U.

AU - Gilucis, A.

AU - Gosar, M.

AU - Gregorauskiene, V.

AU - Gulan, A.

AU - Halamić, J.

AU - Haslinger, E.

AU - Hayoz, P.

AU - Hobiger, G.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Hrvatovic, H.

AU - Husnjak, S.

AU - Janik, L.

AU - Johnson, C. C.

AU - Jordan, G.

AU - Kirby, J.

AU - Kivisilla, J.

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AU - Lima, A.

AU - Locutura, J.

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AU - Mackovych, D.

AU - Malyuk, B. I.

AU - Maquil, R.

AU - McLaughlin, M.

AU - R.G. Meuli, Meuli

AU - Miosic, N.

AU - Mol, G.

AU - O'Connor, P.

AU - Oorts, K.

AU - Ottesen, R. T.

AU - Pasieczna, A.

AU - Petersell, V.

AU - Pfleiderer, S.

AU - Poňavič, M.

AU - Prazeres, C.

AU - Rauch, U.

AU - Salpeteur, I.

AU - Schedl, A.

AU - Scheib, A.

AU - Schoeters, I.

AU - Sefcik, P.

AU - Sellersjö, E.

AU - Skopljak, F.

AU - Slaninka, I.

AU - Šorša, A.

AU - Srvkota, R.

AU - Stafilov, T.

AU - Tarvainen, T.

AU - Trendavilov, V.

AU - Valera, P.

AU - Verougstraete, V.

AU - Vidojević, D.

AU - Zissimos, A. M.

AU - Zomeni, Z.

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - Lead isotopes are widely used for age dating, for tracking sources of melts, sediments, Pb products, food and animals and for studying atmospheric Pb contamination. For the first time, a map of a Pb isotope landscape at the continental-scale is presented. Agricultural soil samples (Ap-horizon, 0-20cm) collected at an average density of 1 site/2500km2 were analysed for Pb concentration and Pb isotopes (206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb). Lead concentrations vary from 1.6 to 1309mg/kg, with a median of 16mg/kg. Isotopic ratios of 206Pb/207Pb range from 1.116 to 1.727 with a median of 1.202. The new data define the soil geochemical Pb background for European agricultural soil, providing crucial information for geological, environmental and forensic sciences, public health, environmental policy and mineral exploration. The European continental-scale patterns of Pb concentrations and Pb isotopes show a high variability dominated by geology and influenced by climate. Lead concentration anomalies mark most of the known mineralised areas throughout Europe. Some local Pb anomalies have a distinct anthropogenic origin.

AB - Lead isotopes are widely used for age dating, for tracking sources of melts, sediments, Pb products, food and animals and for studying atmospheric Pb contamination. For the first time, a map of a Pb isotope landscape at the continental-scale is presented. Agricultural soil samples (Ap-horizon, 0-20cm) collected at an average density of 1 site/2500km2 were analysed for Pb concentration and Pb isotopes (206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb). Lead concentrations vary from 1.6 to 1309mg/kg, with a median of 16mg/kg. Isotopic ratios of 206Pb/207Pb range from 1.116 to 1.727 with a median of 1.202. The new data define the soil geochemical Pb background for European agricultural soil, providing crucial information for geological, environmental and forensic sciences, public health, environmental policy and mineral exploration. The European continental-scale patterns of Pb concentrations and Pb isotopes show a high variability dominated by geology and influenced by climate. Lead concentration anomalies mark most of the known mineralised areas throughout Europe. Some local Pb anomalies have a distinct anthropogenic origin.

KW - lead isotopes

KW - soil

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DO - 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.12.012

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 532

EP - 542

JO - Applied Geochemistry

JF - Applied Geochemistry

SN - 0883-2927

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