Life after bushfire

Post-traumatic stress, coping and post-traumatic growth

Jackie Hooper, Lynne Magor-Blatch, Navjot Bhullar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Research suggests that post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms are common after the experience of bushfire. However, the ways in which individuals cope with, positively grow from, and find benefit in the adverse circumstances of bushfire in Australia has not been adequately explored. The main objective of this study is to assess the relationship between PTS, coping strategies and post-traumatic growth, in a sample of Australian community members affected by a bushfire event. Methods: Sixty-five participants (mean age 40.66 years, SD=13.57), who had previously experienced a bushfire event in Australia, responded to an anonymous online survey. Results: Results indicated that greater PTS was associated with the use of all coping strategies, as well as higher levels of post-traumatic growth. The use of coping strategies was associated with higher levels of post-traumatic growth. Hierarchical regression analyses found that post-traumatic growth and avoidant coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in PTS, whereas PTS and emotion-focussed coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in post-traumatic growth. Conclusion: In communities that are seasonally threatened by bushfires, our findings suggest that not only are post-disaster stress reduction interventions required, but so too are preparedness programs that include strategies for promoting growth and positive adaptation. It is suggested further research should address implications for strength-based preparedness and recovery programs in bushfire prone areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalAustralasian Journal of Paramedicine
Volume15
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Growth
Disasters
Research
Emotions
Regression Analysis

Cite this

Hooper, Jackie ; Magor-Blatch, Lynne ; Bhullar, Navjot. / Life after bushfire : Post-traumatic stress, coping and post-traumatic growth. In: Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 2018 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 1-10.
@article{fd294f207d3843ee9970a4a60c3e8fb8,
title = "Life after bushfire: Post-traumatic stress, coping and post-traumatic growth",
abstract = "Introduction: Research suggests that post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms are common after the experience of bushfire. However, the ways in which individuals cope with, positively grow from, and find benefit in the adverse circumstances of bushfire in Australia has not been adequately explored. The main objective of this study is to assess the relationship between PTS, coping strategies and post-traumatic growth, in a sample of Australian community members affected by a bushfire event. Methods: Sixty-five participants (mean age 40.66 years, SD=13.57), who had previously experienced a bushfire event in Australia, responded to an anonymous online survey. Results: Results indicated that greater PTS was associated with the use of all coping strategies, as well as higher levels of post-traumatic growth. The use of coping strategies was associated with higher levels of post-traumatic growth. Hierarchical regression analyses found that post-traumatic growth and avoidant coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in PTS, whereas PTS and emotion-focussed coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in post-traumatic growth. Conclusion: In communities that are seasonally threatened by bushfires, our findings suggest that not only are post-disaster stress reduction interventions required, but so too are preparedness programs that include strategies for promoting growth and positive adaptation. It is suggested further research should address implications for strength-based preparedness and recovery programs in bushfire prone areas.",
keywords = "Bushfires, Coping, Post-traumatic growth, Post-traumatic stress",
author = "Jackie Hooper and Lynne Magor-Blatch and Navjot Bhullar",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Journal of Emergency Primary Health Care",
issn = "1447-4999",
publisher = "Faculty of Health, Engineering and Science, Edith Cowan University",
number = "3",

}

Hooper, J, Magor-Blatch, L & Bhullar, N 2018, 'Life after bushfire: Post-traumatic stress, coping and post-traumatic growth', Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 1-10.

Life after bushfire : Post-traumatic stress, coping and post-traumatic growth. / Hooper, Jackie; Magor-Blatch, Lynne; Bhullar, Navjot.

In: Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2018, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Life after bushfire

T2 - Post-traumatic stress, coping and post-traumatic growth

AU - Hooper, Jackie

AU - Magor-Blatch, Lynne

AU - Bhullar, Navjot

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Introduction: Research suggests that post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms are common after the experience of bushfire. However, the ways in which individuals cope with, positively grow from, and find benefit in the adverse circumstances of bushfire in Australia has not been adequately explored. The main objective of this study is to assess the relationship between PTS, coping strategies and post-traumatic growth, in a sample of Australian community members affected by a bushfire event. Methods: Sixty-five participants (mean age 40.66 years, SD=13.57), who had previously experienced a bushfire event in Australia, responded to an anonymous online survey. Results: Results indicated that greater PTS was associated with the use of all coping strategies, as well as higher levels of post-traumatic growth. The use of coping strategies was associated with higher levels of post-traumatic growth. Hierarchical regression analyses found that post-traumatic growth and avoidant coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in PTS, whereas PTS and emotion-focussed coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in post-traumatic growth. Conclusion: In communities that are seasonally threatened by bushfires, our findings suggest that not only are post-disaster stress reduction interventions required, but so too are preparedness programs that include strategies for promoting growth and positive adaptation. It is suggested further research should address implications for strength-based preparedness and recovery programs in bushfire prone areas.

AB - Introduction: Research suggests that post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms are common after the experience of bushfire. However, the ways in which individuals cope with, positively grow from, and find benefit in the adverse circumstances of bushfire in Australia has not been adequately explored. The main objective of this study is to assess the relationship between PTS, coping strategies and post-traumatic growth, in a sample of Australian community members affected by a bushfire event. Methods: Sixty-five participants (mean age 40.66 years, SD=13.57), who had previously experienced a bushfire event in Australia, responded to an anonymous online survey. Results: Results indicated that greater PTS was associated with the use of all coping strategies, as well as higher levels of post-traumatic growth. The use of coping strategies was associated with higher levels of post-traumatic growth. Hierarchical regression analyses found that post-traumatic growth and avoidant coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in PTS, whereas PTS and emotion-focussed coping explained significant amounts of unique variance in post-traumatic growth. Conclusion: In communities that are seasonally threatened by bushfires, our findings suggest that not only are post-disaster stress reduction interventions required, but so too are preparedness programs that include strategies for promoting growth and positive adaptation. It is suggested further research should address implications for strength-based preparedness and recovery programs in bushfire prone areas.

KW - Bushfires

KW - Coping

KW - Post-traumatic growth

KW - Post-traumatic stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054593976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://ajp.paramedics.org/index.php/ajp/article/view/531

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Journal of Emergency Primary Health Care

JF - Journal of Emergency Primary Health Care

SN - 1447-4999

IS - 3

ER -