Lower running performance and exacerbated fatigue in soccer played at 1600 m

Laura GARVICAN, Kristal Hammond, Matthew C. Varley, Christopher Gore, FranÇois Billaut, R Aughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the decrement in running performance of elite soccer players competing at low altitude and time course for abatement of these decrements. Methods: Twenty elite youth soccer players had their activity profile, in a sea-level (SL) and 2 altitude (Alt, 1600 m, d 4, and d 6) matches, measured with a global positioning system. Measures expressed in meters per minute of match time were total distance, low- and high-velocity running (LoVR, 0.01-4.16 m/s; HiVR, 4.17-10.0 m/s), and frequency of maximal accelerations (>2.78 m/s2). The peak and subsequent stanza for each measure were identified and a transient fatigue index calculated. Mean heart rate (HR) during the final minute of a submaximal running task (5 min, 11 km/h) was recorded at SL and for 10 d at Alt. Differences were determined between SL and Alt using percentage change and effect-size (ES) statistic with 90% confidence intervals. Results: Mean HR almost certainly increased on d 1 (5.4%, ES 1.01 ± 0.35) and remained probably elevated on both d 2 (ES 0.42 ± 0.31) and d3 (ES 0.30 ± 0.25), returning to baseline at d 5. Total distance was almost certainly lower than SL (ES -0.76 ± 0.37) at d 4 and remained probably reduced on d 6 (ES -0.42 ± 0.36). HiVR probably decreased at d 4 vs SL (-0.47 ± 0.59), with no clear effect of altitude at d 6 (-0.08 ± 0.41). Transient fatigue in matches was evident at SL and Alt, with a possibly greater decrement at Alt. Conclusion: Despite some physiological adaptation, match running performance of youth soccer players is compromised for at least 6 d at low altitude.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Soccer
Oceans and Seas
Running
Fatigue
Heart Rate
Physiological Adaptation
Geographic Information Systems
Confidence Intervals

Cite this

GARVICAN, Laura ; Hammond, Kristal ; Varley, Matthew C. ; Gore, Christopher ; Billaut, FranÇois ; Aughey, R. / Lower running performance and exacerbated fatigue in soccer played at 1600 m. In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 397-404.
@article{151b39a94ceb48c288710860ff660267,
title = "Lower running performance and exacerbated fatigue in soccer played at 1600 m",
abstract = "This study investigated the decrement in running performance of elite soccer players competing at low altitude and time course for abatement of these decrements. Methods: Twenty elite youth soccer players had their activity profile, in a sea-level (SL) and 2 altitude (Alt, 1600 m, d 4, and d 6) matches, measured with a global positioning system. Measures expressed in meters per minute of match time were total distance, low- and high-velocity running (LoVR, 0.01-4.16 m/s; HiVR, 4.17-10.0 m/s), and frequency of maximal accelerations (>2.78 m/s2). The peak and subsequent stanza for each measure were identified and a transient fatigue index calculated. Mean heart rate (HR) during the final minute of a submaximal running task (5 min, 11 km/h) was recorded at SL and for 10 d at Alt. Differences were determined between SL and Alt using percentage change and effect-size (ES) statistic with 90{\%} confidence intervals. Results: Mean HR almost certainly increased on d 1 (5.4{\%}, ES 1.01 ± 0.35) and remained probably elevated on both d 2 (ES 0.42 ± 0.31) and d3 (ES 0.30 ± 0.25), returning to baseline at d 5. Total distance was almost certainly lower than SL (ES -0.76 ± 0.37) at d 4 and remained probably reduced on d 6 (ES -0.42 ± 0.36). HiVR probably decreased at d 4 vs SL (-0.47 ± 0.59), with no clear effect of altitude at d 6 (-0.08 ± 0.41). Transient fatigue in matches was evident at SL and Alt, with a possibly greater decrement at Alt. Conclusion: Despite some physiological adaptation, match running performance of youth soccer players is compromised for at least 6 d at low altitude.",
keywords = "Altitude, Association football, GPS, Hypoxia, altitude, hypoxia, association football",
author = "Laura GARVICAN and Kristal Hammond and Varley, {Matthew C.} and Christopher Gore and Fran{\cC}ois Billaut and R Aughey",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1123/IJSPP.2012-0375",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "397--404",
journal = "International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance",
issn = "1555-0265",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "3",

}

Lower running performance and exacerbated fatigue in soccer played at 1600 m. / GARVICAN, Laura; Hammond, Kristal; Varley, Matthew C.; Gore, Christopher; Billaut, FranÇois; Aughey, R.

In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2014, p. 397-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lower running performance and exacerbated fatigue in soccer played at 1600 m

AU - GARVICAN, Laura

AU - Hammond, Kristal

AU - Varley, Matthew C.

AU - Gore, Christopher

AU - Billaut, FranÇois

AU - Aughey, R

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This study investigated the decrement in running performance of elite soccer players competing at low altitude and time course for abatement of these decrements. Methods: Twenty elite youth soccer players had their activity profile, in a sea-level (SL) and 2 altitude (Alt, 1600 m, d 4, and d 6) matches, measured with a global positioning system. Measures expressed in meters per minute of match time were total distance, low- and high-velocity running (LoVR, 0.01-4.16 m/s; HiVR, 4.17-10.0 m/s), and frequency of maximal accelerations (>2.78 m/s2). The peak and subsequent stanza for each measure were identified and a transient fatigue index calculated. Mean heart rate (HR) during the final minute of a submaximal running task (5 min, 11 km/h) was recorded at SL and for 10 d at Alt. Differences were determined between SL and Alt using percentage change and effect-size (ES) statistic with 90% confidence intervals. Results: Mean HR almost certainly increased on d 1 (5.4%, ES 1.01 ± 0.35) and remained probably elevated on both d 2 (ES 0.42 ± 0.31) and d3 (ES 0.30 ± 0.25), returning to baseline at d 5. Total distance was almost certainly lower than SL (ES -0.76 ± 0.37) at d 4 and remained probably reduced on d 6 (ES -0.42 ± 0.36). HiVR probably decreased at d 4 vs SL (-0.47 ± 0.59), with no clear effect of altitude at d 6 (-0.08 ± 0.41). Transient fatigue in matches was evident at SL and Alt, with a possibly greater decrement at Alt. Conclusion: Despite some physiological adaptation, match running performance of youth soccer players is compromised for at least 6 d at low altitude.

AB - This study investigated the decrement in running performance of elite soccer players competing at low altitude and time course for abatement of these decrements. Methods: Twenty elite youth soccer players had their activity profile, in a sea-level (SL) and 2 altitude (Alt, 1600 m, d 4, and d 6) matches, measured with a global positioning system. Measures expressed in meters per minute of match time were total distance, low- and high-velocity running (LoVR, 0.01-4.16 m/s; HiVR, 4.17-10.0 m/s), and frequency of maximal accelerations (>2.78 m/s2). The peak and subsequent stanza for each measure were identified and a transient fatigue index calculated. Mean heart rate (HR) during the final minute of a submaximal running task (5 min, 11 km/h) was recorded at SL and for 10 d at Alt. Differences were determined between SL and Alt using percentage change and effect-size (ES) statistic with 90% confidence intervals. Results: Mean HR almost certainly increased on d 1 (5.4%, ES 1.01 ± 0.35) and remained probably elevated on both d 2 (ES 0.42 ± 0.31) and d3 (ES 0.30 ± 0.25), returning to baseline at d 5. Total distance was almost certainly lower than SL (ES -0.76 ± 0.37) at d 4 and remained probably reduced on d 6 (ES -0.42 ± 0.36). HiVR probably decreased at d 4 vs SL (-0.47 ± 0.59), with no clear effect of altitude at d 6 (-0.08 ± 0.41). Transient fatigue in matches was evident at SL and Alt, with a possibly greater decrement at Alt. Conclusion: Despite some physiological adaptation, match running performance of youth soccer players is compromised for at least 6 d at low altitude.

KW - Altitude

KW - Association football

KW - GPS

KW - Hypoxia

KW - altitude

KW - hypoxia

KW - association football

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899631408&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/lower-running-performance-exacerbated-fatigue-soccer-played-1600-m

U2 - 10.1123/IJSPP.2012-0375

DO - 10.1123/IJSPP.2012-0375

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 397

EP - 404

JO - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

JF - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

SN - 1555-0265

IS - 3

ER -