Lower running performance and exacerbated fatigue in soccer played at 1600 m

Laura GARVICAN, Kristal Hammond, Matthew C. Varley, Christopher Gore, FranÇois Billaut, R Aughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the decrement in running performance of elite soccer players competing at low altitude and time course for abatement of these decrements. Methods: Twenty elite youth soccer players had their activity profile, in a sea-level (SL) and 2 altitude (Alt, 1600 m, d 4, and d 6) matches, measured with a global positioning system. Measures expressed in meters per minute of match time were total distance, low- and high-velocity running (LoVR, 0.01-4.16 m/s; HiVR, 4.17-10.0 m/s), and frequency of maximal accelerations (>2.78 m/s2). The peak and subsequent stanza for each measure were identified and a transient fatigue index calculated. Mean heart rate (HR) during the final minute of a submaximal running task (5 min, 11 km/h) was recorded at SL and for 10 d at Alt. Differences were determined between SL and Alt using percentage change and effect-size (ES) statistic with 90% confidence intervals. Results: Mean HR almost certainly increased on d 1 (5.4%, ES 1.01 ± 0.35) and remained probably elevated on both d 2 (ES 0.42 ± 0.31) and d3 (ES 0.30 ± 0.25), returning to baseline at d 5. Total distance was almost certainly lower than SL (ES -0.76 ± 0.37) at d 4 and remained probably reduced on d 6 (ES -0.42 ± 0.36). HiVR probably decreased at d 4 vs SL (-0.47 ± 0.59), with no clear effect of altitude at d 6 (-0.08 ± 0.41). Transient fatigue in matches was evident at SL and Alt, with a possibly greater decrement at Alt. Conclusion: Despite some physiological adaptation, match running performance of youth soccer players is compromised for at least 6 d at low altitude.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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