Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis of Kinematics in Osteoarthritic Knees

Jennifer M. Scarvell, Paul N. Smith, Kathryn M. Refshauge, Howard R. Galloway

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    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Kinematics in osteoarthritic knees may be impeding efforts to reproduce "normal" knee kinematics in the prosthetic knee. Fourteen subjects with unilateral symptomatic knee osteoarthritis performed a supine leg press from 0° to 90° flexion against a 150-N load. The tibiofemoral contact pattern was recorded for both knees using sagittal T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Severity of osteoarthritis ranged from Kellgren Lawrence grade 2 to 4 in the symptomatic knees and from 0 to 3 in the contralateral knees. Contact in the lateral and medial compartments of osteoarthritic knees was more anterior on the tibial plateau than healthy knees, both in knee extension and to 90° flexion (P < .01). This anterior contact pattern was associated with severity of osteoarthritis (P < .01).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)383-393
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
    Volume22
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007

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