Maldivian Archaeology

Mirani Litster

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review


The Maldives are an archipelago located centrally in the northern Indian Ocean, southwest of Sri Lanka and India (see Fig. 1). The occupation history is layered, largely because the Maldives acted as a historical waypoint for seafarers traveling across the Indian Ocean (Maloney 2013; Mohamed 2005). Investigations into the material remains of past occupation were initiated in the mid-1800s, through a series of antiquarian investigations. Archaeology during the early 1900s tended to focus on establishing the nature of a pre-existing Buddhist occupation phase, with more recent investigations establishing the role of the islands within past globalizations (Litster 2016) and the export of cowry shell money (Haour et al. 2016, 2017; Mikkelsen 2000). This encyclopedia entry focuses on the archaeological research undertaken in the Maldives, concentrating on the historical development of the discipline in the region.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Global Archaeology
EditorsClaire Smith
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783319517261
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameEncyclopedia of Global Archaeology


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