Manipulating graded exercise test variables affects the validity of the lactate threshold and VO2peak

Nicholas A Jamnick, Javier Botella, David B Pyne, David J Bishop

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: To determine the validity of the lactate threshold (LT) and maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) determined during graded exercise test (GXT) of different durations and using different LT calculations. Trained male cyclists (n = 17) completed five GXTs of varying stage length (1, 3, 4, 7 and 10 min) to establish the LT, and a series of 30-min constant power bouts to establish the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). [Formula: see text] was assessed during each GXT and a subsequent verification exhaustive bout (VEB), and 14 different LTs were calculated from four of the GXTs (3, 4, 7 and 10 min)-yielding a total 56 LTs. Agreement was assessed between the highest [Formula: see text] measured during each GXT ([Formula: see text]) as well as between each LT and MLSS. [Formula: see text] and LT data were analysed using mean difference (MD) and intraclass correlation (ICC).

    RESULTS: The [Formula: see text] value from GXT1 was 61.0 ± 5.3 mL.kg-1.min-1 and the peak power 420 ± 55 W (mean ± SD). The power at the MLSS was 264 ± 39 W. [Formula: see text] from GXT3, 4, 7, 10 underestimated [Formula: see text] by ~1-5 mL.kg-1.min-1. Many of the traditional LT methods were not valid and a newly developed Modified Dmax method derived from GXT4 provided the most valid estimate of the MLSS (MD = 1.1 W; ICC = 0.96).

    CONCLUSION: The data highlight how GXT protocol design and data analysis influence the determination of both [Formula: see text] and LT. It is also apparent that [Formula: see text] and LT cannot be determined in a single GXT, even with the inclusion of a VEB.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere0199794
    Pages (from-to)1-21
    Number of pages21
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume13
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

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    exercise test
    Exercise Test
    lactates
    Lactic Acid
    data analysis

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    Jamnick, Nicholas A ; Botella, Javier ; Pyne, David B ; Bishop, David J. / Manipulating graded exercise test variables affects the validity of the lactate threshold and VO2peak. In: PLoS One. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 7. pp. 1-21.
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    title = "Manipulating graded exercise test variables affects the validity of the lactate threshold and VO2peak",
    abstract = "BACKGROUND: To determine the validity of the lactate threshold (LT) and maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) determined during graded exercise test (GXT) of different durations and using different LT calculations. Trained male cyclists (n = 17) completed five GXTs of varying stage length (1, 3, 4, 7 and 10 min) to establish the LT, and a series of 30-min constant power bouts to establish the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). [Formula: see text] was assessed during each GXT and a subsequent verification exhaustive bout (VEB), and 14 different LTs were calculated from four of the GXTs (3, 4, 7 and 10 min)-yielding a total 56 LTs. Agreement was assessed between the highest [Formula: see text] measured during each GXT ([Formula: see text]) as well as between each LT and MLSS. [Formula: see text] and LT data were analysed using mean difference (MD) and intraclass correlation (ICC).RESULTS: The [Formula: see text] value from GXT1 was 61.0 ± 5.3 mL.kg-1.min-1 and the peak power 420 ± 55 W (mean ± SD). The power at the MLSS was 264 ± 39 W. [Formula: see text] from GXT3, 4, 7, 10 underestimated [Formula: see text] by ~1-5 mL.kg-1.min-1. Many of the traditional LT methods were not valid and a newly developed Modified Dmax method derived from GXT4 provided the most valid estimate of the MLSS (MD = 1.1 W; ICC = 0.96).CONCLUSION: The data highlight how GXT protocol design and data analysis influence the determination of both [Formula: see text] and LT. It is also apparent that [Formula: see text] and LT cannot be determined in a single GXT, even with the inclusion of a VEB.",
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    Manipulating graded exercise test variables affects the validity of the lactate threshold and VO2peak. / Jamnick, Nicholas A; Botella, Javier; Pyne, David B; Bishop, David J.

    In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 7, e0199794, 2018, p. 1-21.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Manipulating graded exercise test variables affects the validity of the lactate threshold and VO2peak

    AU - Jamnick, Nicholas A

    AU - Botella, Javier

    AU - Pyne, David B

    AU - Bishop, David J

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - BACKGROUND: To determine the validity of the lactate threshold (LT) and maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) determined during graded exercise test (GXT) of different durations and using different LT calculations. Trained male cyclists (n = 17) completed five GXTs of varying stage length (1, 3, 4, 7 and 10 min) to establish the LT, and a series of 30-min constant power bouts to establish the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). [Formula: see text] was assessed during each GXT and a subsequent verification exhaustive bout (VEB), and 14 different LTs were calculated from four of the GXTs (3, 4, 7 and 10 min)-yielding a total 56 LTs. Agreement was assessed between the highest [Formula: see text] measured during each GXT ([Formula: see text]) as well as between each LT and MLSS. [Formula: see text] and LT data were analysed using mean difference (MD) and intraclass correlation (ICC).RESULTS: The [Formula: see text] value from GXT1 was 61.0 ± 5.3 mL.kg-1.min-1 and the peak power 420 ± 55 W (mean ± SD). The power at the MLSS was 264 ± 39 W. [Formula: see text] from GXT3, 4, 7, 10 underestimated [Formula: see text] by ~1-5 mL.kg-1.min-1. Many of the traditional LT methods were not valid and a newly developed Modified Dmax method derived from GXT4 provided the most valid estimate of the MLSS (MD = 1.1 W; ICC = 0.96).CONCLUSION: The data highlight how GXT protocol design and data analysis influence the determination of both [Formula: see text] and LT. It is also apparent that [Formula: see text] and LT cannot be determined in a single GXT, even with the inclusion of a VEB.

    AB - BACKGROUND: To determine the validity of the lactate threshold (LT) and maximal oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]) determined during graded exercise test (GXT) of different durations and using different LT calculations. Trained male cyclists (n = 17) completed five GXTs of varying stage length (1, 3, 4, 7 and 10 min) to establish the LT, and a series of 30-min constant power bouts to establish the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). [Formula: see text] was assessed during each GXT and a subsequent verification exhaustive bout (VEB), and 14 different LTs were calculated from four of the GXTs (3, 4, 7 and 10 min)-yielding a total 56 LTs. Agreement was assessed between the highest [Formula: see text] measured during each GXT ([Formula: see text]) as well as between each LT and MLSS. [Formula: see text] and LT data were analysed using mean difference (MD) and intraclass correlation (ICC).RESULTS: The [Formula: see text] value from GXT1 was 61.0 ± 5.3 mL.kg-1.min-1 and the peak power 420 ± 55 W (mean ± SD). The power at the MLSS was 264 ± 39 W. [Formula: see text] from GXT3, 4, 7, 10 underestimated [Formula: see text] by ~1-5 mL.kg-1.min-1. Many of the traditional LT methods were not valid and a newly developed Modified Dmax method derived from GXT4 provided the most valid estimate of the MLSS (MD = 1.1 W; ICC = 0.96).CONCLUSION: The data highlight how GXT protocol design and data analysis influence the determination of both [Formula: see text] and LT. It is also apparent that [Formula: see text] and LT cannot be determined in a single GXT, even with the inclusion of a VEB.

    KW - Polynominals

    KW - exercise

    KW - curve fitting

    KW - statistics

    KW - Respiratory Measurement

    U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0199794

    DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0199794

    M3 - Article

    VL - 13

    SP - 1

    EP - 21

    JO - PLoS One

    JF - PLoS One

    SN - 1932-6203

    IS - 7

    M1 - e0199794

    ER -