Marsupial Chromosome Evolution

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Abstract

Marsupial chromosomes were among the first mammalian chromosomes to be studied in the early twentieth century and have since been extensively characterised by multiple approaches. With relatively few and large chromosomes, marsupials have proven to be ideal subjects for studying how chromosomes have changed during marsupial evolution from a predicted ancestral marsupial karyotype consisting of just seven pairs of chromosomes. In this article, the current understanding of marsupial chromosome evolution is reviewed and the way two families of marsupials with different rates of chromosome evolution help to decipher the mechanisms involved in chromosome evolution is discussed. The family Dasyuridae is characterised by remarkable chromosome stability, whereas the family Macropodidae has experienced extensive chromosome shuffling. Comparisons of the differences in chromosome features between these two families may hold the key to understanding the role of chromosome rearrangements in speciation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationeLS
Place of PublicationChichester, England
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780470015902
ISBN (Print)9780470016176
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2019

Publication series

NameeLS

Fingerprint

Marsupialia
Chromosomes
Mammalian Chromosomes
Macropodidae
Chromosomal Instability
Karyotype

Cite this

DEAKIN, J. (2019). Marsupial Chromosome Evolution. In eLS (pp. 1-8). (eLS). Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0028284
DEAKIN, Janine. / Marsupial Chromosome Evolution. eLS. Chichester, England : John Wiley & Sons, 2019. pp. 1-8 (eLS).
@inbook{75911b0872254e0aa54d84518906e186,
title = "Marsupial Chromosome Evolution",
abstract = "Marsupial chromosomes were among the first mammalian chromosomes to be studied in the early twentieth century and have since been extensively characterised by multiple approaches. With relatively few and large chromosomes, marsupials have proven to be ideal subjects for studying how chromosomes have changed during marsupial evolution from a predicted ancestral marsupial karyotype consisting of just seven pairs of chromosomes. In this article, the current understanding of marsupial chromosome evolution is reviewed and the way two families of marsupials with different rates of chromosome evolution help to decipher the mechanisms involved in chromosome evolution is discussed. The family Dasyuridae is characterised by remarkable chromosome stability, whereas the family Macropodidae has experienced extensive chromosome shuffling. Comparisons of the differences in chromosome features between these two families may hold the key to understanding the role of chromosome rearrangements in speciation.",
keywords = "karyotype, chromosome rearrangement, marsupial, mammal, comparative genomics, genome evolution",
author = "Janine DEAKIN",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1002/9780470015902.a0028284",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780470016176",
series = "eLS",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons",
pages = "1--8",
booktitle = "eLS",
address = "United States",

}

DEAKIN, J 2019, Marsupial Chromosome Evolution. in eLS. eLS, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0028284

Marsupial Chromosome Evolution. / DEAKIN, Janine.

eLS. Chichester, England : John Wiley & Sons, 2019. p. 1-8 (eLS).

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

TY - CHAP

T1 - Marsupial Chromosome Evolution

AU - DEAKIN, Janine

PY - 2019/5/15

Y1 - 2019/5/15

N2 - Marsupial chromosomes were among the first mammalian chromosomes to be studied in the early twentieth century and have since been extensively characterised by multiple approaches. With relatively few and large chromosomes, marsupials have proven to be ideal subjects for studying how chromosomes have changed during marsupial evolution from a predicted ancestral marsupial karyotype consisting of just seven pairs of chromosomes. In this article, the current understanding of marsupial chromosome evolution is reviewed and the way two families of marsupials with different rates of chromosome evolution help to decipher the mechanisms involved in chromosome evolution is discussed. The family Dasyuridae is characterised by remarkable chromosome stability, whereas the family Macropodidae has experienced extensive chromosome shuffling. Comparisons of the differences in chromosome features between these two families may hold the key to understanding the role of chromosome rearrangements in speciation.

AB - Marsupial chromosomes were among the first mammalian chromosomes to be studied in the early twentieth century and have since been extensively characterised by multiple approaches. With relatively few and large chromosomes, marsupials have proven to be ideal subjects for studying how chromosomes have changed during marsupial evolution from a predicted ancestral marsupial karyotype consisting of just seven pairs of chromosomes. In this article, the current understanding of marsupial chromosome evolution is reviewed and the way two families of marsupials with different rates of chromosome evolution help to decipher the mechanisms involved in chromosome evolution is discussed. The family Dasyuridae is characterised by remarkable chromosome stability, whereas the family Macropodidae has experienced extensive chromosome shuffling. Comparisons of the differences in chromosome features between these two families may hold the key to understanding the role of chromosome rearrangements in speciation.

KW - karyotype

KW - chromosome rearrangement

KW - marsupial

KW - mammal

KW - comparative genomics

KW - genome evolution

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/marsupial-chromosome-evolution

U2 - 10.1002/9780470015902.a0028284

DO - 10.1002/9780470015902.a0028284

M3 - Entry for encyclopedia/dictionary

SN - 9780470016176

T3 - eLS

SP - 1

EP - 8

BT - eLS

PB - John Wiley & Sons

CY - Chichester, England

ER -

DEAKIN J. Marsupial Chromosome Evolution. In eLS. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons. 2019. p. 1-8. (eLS). https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470015902.a0028284