Mercury in European agricultural and grazing land soils

The GEMAS Project Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agricultural (Ap, Ap-horizon, 0-20 cm) and grazing land soil samples (Gr, 0-10 cm) were collected from a large part of Europe (33 countries, 5.6 million km2) at an average density of 1 sample site/2500 km 2. The resulting more than 2 x 2000 soil samples were air dried, sieved to <2 mm and analysed for their Hg concentrations following an aqua regia extraction. Median concentrations for Hg are 0.030 mg/kg (range: <0.003-1.56 mg/kg) for the Ap samples and 0.035 mg/kg (range: <0.003-3.12 mg/kg) for the Gr samples. Only 5 Ap and 10 Gr samples returned Hg concentrations above 1 mg/kg. In the geochemical maps the continental-scale distribution of the element is clearly dominated by geology. Climate exerts an important influence. Mercury accumulates in those areas of northern Europe where a wet and cold climate favours the build-up of soil organic material. Typical anthropogenic sources like coal-fired power plants, waste incinerators, chlor-alkali plants, metal smelters and urban agglomerations are hardly visible at continental scales but can have a major impact at the local-scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Geochemistry
Volume33
Issue number(2013)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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Mercury
grazing
Soils
coal-fired power plant
climate
anthropogenic source
agglomeration
organic soil
soil
Refuse incinerators
Coal
geology
Alkalies
Geology
metal
Power plants
air
Agglomeration
Metals
Air

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The GEMAS Project Team. / Mercury in European agricultural and grazing land soils. In: Applied Geochemistry. 2013 ; Vol. 33 , No. (2013). pp. 1-12.
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abstract = "Agricultural (Ap, Ap-horizon, 0-20 cm) and grazing land soil samples (Gr, 0-10 cm) were collected from a large part of Europe (33 countries, 5.6 million km2) at an average density of 1 sample site/2500 km 2. The resulting more than 2 x 2000 soil samples were air dried, sieved to <2 mm and analysed for their Hg concentrations following an aqua regia extraction. Median concentrations for Hg are 0.030 mg/kg (range: <0.003-1.56 mg/kg) for the Ap samples and 0.035 mg/kg (range: <0.003-3.12 mg/kg) for the Gr samples. Only 5 Ap and 10 Gr samples returned Hg concentrations above 1 mg/kg. In the geochemical maps the continental-scale distribution of the element is clearly dominated by geology. Climate exerts an important influence. Mercury accumulates in those areas of northern Europe where a wet and cold climate favours the build-up of soil organic material. Typical anthropogenic sources like coal-fired power plants, waste incinerators, chlor-alkali plants, metal smelters and urban agglomerations are hardly visible at continental scales but can have a major impact at the local-scale.",
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Mercury in European agricultural and grazing land soils. / The GEMAS Project Team.

In: Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 33 , No. (2013), 01.01.2013, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Mercury in European agricultural and grazing land soils

AU - The GEMAS Project Team

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AU - Birke, Manfred

AU - Finne, Tor Erik

AU - Gosar, Mateja

AU - Locutura, Juan

AU - Reimann, Clemens

AU - Tarvainen, Timo

AU - Albanese, S.

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AU - Haslinger, E.

AU - Hayoz, P.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Hoogewerff, J.

AU - Hrvatovic, H.

AU - Husnjak, S.

AU - Johnson, C. C.

AU - Jordan, G.

AU - Kaste, L.

AU - Keilert, B.

AU - Kivisilla, J.

AU - Klos, V.

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AU - Mackovych, D.

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AU - Meuli, R. G.

AU - Miosic, N.

AU - Mol, G.

AU - Négrel, P.

AU - O'Connor, P.

AU - Pasieczna, A.

AU - Petersell, W.

AU - Poňavič, M.

AU - Pramuka, S.

AU - Prazeres, C.

AU - Rauch, U.

AU - Reitner, H.

AU - Sadeghi, M.

AU - Salpeteur, I.

AU - Samardzic, N.

AU - Schedl, A.

AU - Scheib, A.

AU - Schoeters, I.

AU - Sefcik, P.

AU - Skopljak, F.

AU - Slaninka, I.

AU - Šorša, A.

AU - Stafilov, T.

AU - Sellersjö, E.

AU - Trendavilov, V.

AU - Valera, P.

AU - Verougstraete, V.

AU - Vidojević, D.

AU - Zomeni, Z.

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