Minimal changes in indirect markers of muscle damage after an acute bout of indoor pre-season fast bowling

Wayne P. Lombard, Gavin A. Muir, Andrew J. Mckune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of pre-season indoor fast bowling on indirect markers of muscle damage. Ten elite male, fast bowlers (22±1 yrs) participated in the study. Each participant bowled forty-eight balls off a full run up during a practice session. The bowling load was eight overs with six balls bowled/over. The overs were separated by a three-minute standing rest period. Creatine kinase (CK) activity, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) muscle pain ratings, hip, knee and ankle joint range of motion and maximal quadriceps and hamstring isometric strength were measured 24-hours before, one hour and 24-hours after bowling and analysed using a one way ANOVA. Significance was set at p≤0.05. Maximal isometric strength of the quadriceps and hamstrings for both legs was unchanged. CK activity was significantly elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Pain rating for quadriceps (trailing leg) and gastrocnemius (leading leg) were elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Ankle range of motion was significantly reduced at 24h for the trailing and leading legs. The indoor pre-season fast bowling had no effect on maximal isometric strength and a minimal effect on other indirect markers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalSouth Africian Journal for Research in Sport Physical Education and Recreation
Volume34
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

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title = "Minimal changes in indirect markers of muscle damage after an acute bout of indoor pre-season fast bowling",
abstract = "The aim of the study was to determine the effect of pre-season indoor fast bowling on indirect markers of muscle damage. Ten elite male, fast bowlers (22±1 yrs) participated in the study. Each participant bowled forty-eight balls off a full run up during a practice session. The bowling load was eight overs with six balls bowled/over. The overs were separated by a three-minute standing rest period. Creatine kinase (CK) activity, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) muscle pain ratings, hip, knee and ankle joint range of motion and maximal quadriceps and hamstring isometric strength were measured 24-hours before, one hour and 24-hours after bowling and analysed using a one way ANOVA. Significance was set at p≤0.05. Maximal isometric strength of the quadriceps and hamstrings for both legs was unchanged. CK activity was significantly elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Pain rating for quadriceps (trailing leg) and gastrocnemius (leading leg) were elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Ankle range of motion was significantly reduced at 24h for the trailing and leading legs. The indoor pre-season fast bowling had no effect on maximal isometric strength and a minimal effect on other indirect markers.",
keywords = "Cricket, Eccentric, Creatine kinase, Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS), Injury",
author = "Lombard, {Wayne P.} and Muir, {Gavin A.} and Mckune, {Andrew J.}",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "105--114",
journal = "South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation",
issn = "0379-9069",
publisher = "University of Stellenbosch",
number = "2",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Minimal changes in indirect markers of muscle damage after an acute bout of indoor pre-season fast bowling

AU - Lombard, Wayne P.

AU - Muir, Gavin A.

AU - Mckune, Andrew J.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The aim of the study was to determine the effect of pre-season indoor fast bowling on indirect markers of muscle damage. Ten elite male, fast bowlers (22±1 yrs) participated in the study. Each participant bowled forty-eight balls off a full run up during a practice session. The bowling load was eight overs with six balls bowled/over. The overs were separated by a three-minute standing rest period. Creatine kinase (CK) activity, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) muscle pain ratings, hip, knee and ankle joint range of motion and maximal quadriceps and hamstring isometric strength were measured 24-hours before, one hour and 24-hours after bowling and analysed using a one way ANOVA. Significance was set at p≤0.05. Maximal isometric strength of the quadriceps and hamstrings for both legs was unchanged. CK activity was significantly elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Pain rating for quadriceps (trailing leg) and gastrocnemius (leading leg) were elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Ankle range of motion was significantly reduced at 24h for the trailing and leading legs. The indoor pre-season fast bowling had no effect on maximal isometric strength and a minimal effect on other indirect markers.

AB - The aim of the study was to determine the effect of pre-season indoor fast bowling on indirect markers of muscle damage. Ten elite male, fast bowlers (22±1 yrs) participated in the study. Each participant bowled forty-eight balls off a full run up during a practice session. The bowling load was eight overs with six balls bowled/over. The overs were separated by a three-minute standing rest period. Creatine kinase (CK) activity, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) muscle pain ratings, hip, knee and ankle joint range of motion and maximal quadriceps and hamstring isometric strength were measured 24-hours before, one hour and 24-hours after bowling and analysed using a one way ANOVA. Significance was set at p≤0.05. Maximal isometric strength of the quadriceps and hamstrings for both legs was unchanged. CK activity was significantly elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Pain rating for quadriceps (trailing leg) and gastrocnemius (leading leg) were elevated at one hour and 24-hours. Ankle range of motion was significantly reduced at 24h for the trailing and leading legs. The indoor pre-season fast bowling had no effect on maximal isometric strength and a minimal effect on other indirect markers.

KW - Cricket

KW - Eccentric

KW - Creatine kinase

KW - Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS)

KW - Injury

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 105

EP - 114

JO - South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation

JF - South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation

SN - 0379-9069

IS - 2

ER -