Modeling food web structure and selenium biomagnification in lake macquarie, New South Wales, Australia, using stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes

Bill MAHER, Jaimie POTTS, Anne TAYLOR, Graeme Batley, Anthony Chariton, Bernd GRUBER

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As a consequence of coal-fired power station operations, elevated selenium concentrations have been reported in the sediments and biota of Lake Macquarie (New South Wales, Australia). In the present study, an ecosystem-scale model has been applied to determine how selenium in a seagrass food web is processed from sediments and water through diet to predators, using stable isotopes (d13C and d15N) to establish the trophic position of organisms. Trophic position, habitat, and feeding zone were examined as possible factors influencing selenium bioaccumulation. Selenium concentrations ranged from 0.2µg/g dry weight in macroalgae species to 12.9µg/g in the carnivorous fish Gerres subfasciatus. A mean magnification factor of 1.39 per trophic level showed that selenium is biomagnifying in the seagrass food web. Habitat and feeding zone influenced selenium concentrations in invertebrates, whereas feeding zone was the only significant factor influencing selenium concentrations in fish. The sediment-water partitioning coefficient (Kd) of 4180 showed that partitioning of selenium entering the lake to particulate organic material (POM) is occurring, and consequently availability to food webs from POM is high. Trophic transfer factors (invertebrate=1.9; fish=1.2) were similar to those reported for other water bodies, showing that input source is not the main determinant of the magnitude of selenium bioaccumulation in a food web, but rather the initial partitioning of selenium into bioavailable POM. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;34:608-617.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)608-617
    Number of pages10
    JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
    Volume34
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    Nitrogen Isotopes
    Carbon Isotopes
    South Australia
    New South Wales
    Food Chain
    nitrogen isotope
    Lakes
    Selenium
    selenium
    carbon isotope
    food web
    stable isotope
    lake
    modeling
    Fish
    Ecosystem
    Bioaccumulation
    Sediments
    Fishes
    partitioning

    Cite this

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    title = "Modeling food web structure and selenium biomagnification in lake macquarie, New South Wales, Australia, using stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes",
    abstract = "As a consequence of coal-fired power station operations, elevated selenium concentrations have been reported in the sediments and biota of Lake Macquarie (New South Wales, Australia). In the present study, an ecosystem-scale model has been applied to determine how selenium in a seagrass food web is processed from sediments and water through diet to predators, using stable isotopes (d13C and d15N) to establish the trophic position of organisms. Trophic position, habitat, and feeding zone were examined as possible factors influencing selenium bioaccumulation. Selenium concentrations ranged from 0.2µg/g dry weight in macroalgae species to 12.9µg/g in the carnivorous fish Gerres subfasciatus. A mean magnification factor of 1.39 per trophic level showed that selenium is biomagnifying in the seagrass food web. Habitat and feeding zone influenced selenium concentrations in invertebrates, whereas feeding zone was the only significant factor influencing selenium concentrations in fish. The sediment-water partitioning coefficient (Kd) of 4180 showed that partitioning of selenium entering the lake to particulate organic material (POM) is occurring, and consequently availability to food webs from POM is high. Trophic transfer factors (invertebrate=1.9; fish=1.2) were similar to those reported for other water bodies, showing that input source is not the main determinant of the magnitude of selenium bioaccumulation in a food web, but rather the initial partitioning of selenium into bioavailable POM. Environ Toxicol Chem 2015;34:608-617.",
    author = "Bill MAHER and Jaimie POTTS and Anne TAYLOR and Graeme Batley and Anthony Chariton and Bernd GRUBER",
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    Modeling food web structure and selenium biomagnification in lake macquarie, New South Wales, Australia, using stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes. / MAHER, Bill; POTTS, Jaimie; TAYLOR, Anne; Batley, Graeme; Chariton, Anthony; GRUBER, Bernd.

    In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2015, p. 608-617.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Modeling food web structure and selenium biomagnification in lake macquarie, New South Wales, Australia, using stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes

    AU - MAHER, Bill

    AU - POTTS, Jaimie

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    AU - Batley, Graeme

    AU - Chariton, Anthony

    AU - GRUBER, Bernd

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