Molecular cloning and characterization of the repetitive DNA sequences that comprise the constitutive heterochromatin of the A and B chromosomes of the Korean field mouse (Apodemus peninsulae, Muridae, Rodentia)

Kazumi Matsubara, Kazuhiko Yamada, Shu Umemoto, Kimiyuki Tsuchiya, Naoki Ikeda, Chizuko Nishida, Takahito Chijiwa, Kazuo Moriwaki, Yoichi Matsuda

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Three novel families of repetitive DNA sequences were molecularly cloned from the Korean field mouse (Apodemus peninsulae) and characterized by chromosome in-situ hybridization and filter hybridization. They were all localized to the centromeric regions of all autosomes and categorized into major satellite DNA, type I minor, and type II minor repetitive sequences. The type II minor repetitive sequence also hybridized interspersedly in the non-centromeric regions. The major satellite DNA sequence, which consisted of 30 bp elements, was organized in tandem arrays and constituted the majority of centromeric heterochromatin. Three families of repetitive sequences hybridized with B chromosomes in different patterns, suggesting that the B chromosomes of A. peninsulae were derived from A chromosomes and that the three repetitive sequences were amplified independently on each B chromosome. The minor repetitive sequences are present in the genomes of the other seven Apodemus species. In contrast, the major satellite DNA sequences that had a low sequence homology are present only in a few species. These results suggest that the major satellite DNA was amplified with base substitution in A. peninsulae after the divergence of the genus Apodemus from the common ancestor and that the B chromosomes of A. peninsulae might have a species-specific origin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1026
Number of pages14
JournalChromosome Research
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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