Mood and substance use disorders among adults seeking speech treatment for stuttering

Lisa Iverach, Mark Jones, Sue O'Brian, Susan Block, Michelle Lincoln, Elisabeth Harrison, Sally Hewat, Ross G. Menzies, Ann Packman, Mark Onslow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Stuttering has been associated with a range of anxiety disorders, including social phobia. In the general community, anxiety disorders are frequently associated with increased rates of mood and substance use disorders. Therefore, in the present study, the authors sought to determine the rate of mood and substance use disorders among adults who stutter. Method: The study employed a matched case-control design. Participants included 92 adults seeking treatment for stuttering and 920 age-and gender-matched controls. Mental health assessments were conducted via a computerized psychiatric diagnostic interview. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for the prevalence of mood and substance use disorders in both groups. Results: When compared with matched controls, adults seeking treatment for stuttering had twofold increased odds of meeting criteria for a 12-month diagnosis of any mood disorder but were not found to report significantly higher lifetime prevalence rates for any substance use disorder. Conclusions: Although adults who stutter in the present study were characterized by significantly higher rates of mood disorders than matched controls, they do not appear to self-medicate with substances such as alcohol. Results are discussed in terms of treatment implications and possible reasons why adults who stutter may avoid alcohol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1178-1190
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Stuttering
mood
Substance-Related Disorders
Anxiety Disorders
Mood Disorders
Logistic Models
Alcohols
alcohol
anxiety
phobia
Psychiatry
Mental Health
Odds Ratio
Interviews
diagnostic
logistics
mental health
Mood
Substance Use
regression

Cite this

Iverach, Lisa ; Jones, Mark ; O'Brian, Sue ; Block, Susan ; Lincoln, Michelle ; Harrison, Elisabeth ; Hewat, Sally ; Menzies, Ross G. ; Packman, Ann ; Onslow, Mark. / Mood and substance use disorders among adults seeking speech treatment for stuttering. In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2010 ; Vol. 53, No. 5. pp. 1178-1190.
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Iverach, L, Jones, M, O'Brian, S, Block, S, Lincoln, M, Harrison, E, Hewat, S, Menzies, RG, Packman, A & Onslow, M 2010, 'Mood and substance use disorders among adults seeking speech treatment for stuttering', Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1178-1190. https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0166)

Mood and substance use disorders among adults seeking speech treatment for stuttering. / Iverach, Lisa; Jones, Mark; O'Brian, Sue; Block, Susan; Lincoln, Michelle; Harrison, Elisabeth; Hewat, Sally; Menzies, Ross G.; Packman, Ann; Onslow, Mark.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 53, No. 5, 01.10.2010, p. 1178-1190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Jones, Mark

AU - O'Brian, Sue

AU - Block, Susan

AU - Lincoln, Michelle

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AU - Hewat, Sally

AU - Menzies, Ross G.

AU - Packman, Ann

AU - Onslow, Mark

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AB - Objectives: Stuttering has been associated with a range of anxiety disorders, including social phobia. In the general community, anxiety disorders are frequently associated with increased rates of mood and substance use disorders. Therefore, in the present study, the authors sought to determine the rate of mood and substance use disorders among adults who stutter. Method: The study employed a matched case-control design. Participants included 92 adults seeking treatment for stuttering and 920 age-and gender-matched controls. Mental health assessments were conducted via a computerized psychiatric diagnostic interview. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for the prevalence of mood and substance use disorders in both groups. Results: When compared with matched controls, adults seeking treatment for stuttering had twofold increased odds of meeting criteria for a 12-month diagnosis of any mood disorder but were not found to report significantly higher lifetime prevalence rates for any substance use disorder. Conclusions: Although adults who stutter in the present study were characterized by significantly higher rates of mood disorders than matched controls, they do not appear to self-medicate with substances such as alcohol. Results are discussed in terms of treatment implications and possible reasons why adults who stutter may avoid alcohol.

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