Morning Exercise

Enhancement of Afternoon Sprint-Swimming Performance

Courtney McGowan, David Pyne, Kevin Thompson, John Raglin, Ben Rattray

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An exercise bout completed several hours prior to an event may improve competitive performance later that same day.

    PURPOSE: To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint swimming performance.

    METHODS: Thirteen competitive swimmers (seven male, 19 ± 3 y; six female, 17 ± 3 y; mean ± SD) completed a morning session of 1200 m of varied intensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied intensity swimming and a resistance exercise routine (SwimDry) or no morning exercise (NoEx). Following a six hour break, swimmers completed a 100 m time-trial.

    RESULTS: Time-trial performance was faster in SwimOnly (1.6% ± 0.6%, mean, ± 90% confidence limits, P < 0.01) and SwimDry (1.7% ± 0.7%, P < 0.01) compared with NoEx. Split times for the 25-50 m distance were faster in both SwimOnly (1.7% ± 1.2%, P = 0.02) and SwimDry (1.5% ± 0.8%, P = 0.01) compared to NoEx. First 50 m stroke rate was higher in SwimOnly (0.70 ± 0.21 Hz, mean ± standard deviation, P = 0.03) and SwimDry (0.69 ± 0.18 Hz, P = 0.05) compared to NoEx (0.64 ± 0.16 Hz). Before the afternoon session, core (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, mean, ± 90% confidence limits, P = 0.04), body (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) and skin (0.3°C ± 0.3°C, P = 0.02) temperatures were higher in SwimDry compared to NoEx.

    CONCLUSIONS: Completion of a morning swimming session alone or together with resistance exercise can substantially enhance sprint swimming performance completed later the same day.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)605-611
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
    Volume12
    Issue number5
    Early online date6 Sep 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2017

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    title = "Morning Exercise: Enhancement of Afternoon Sprint-Swimming Performance",
    abstract = "An exercise bout completed several hours prior to an event may improve competitive performance later that same day.PURPOSE: To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint swimming performance.METHODS: Thirteen competitive swimmers (seven male, 19 ± 3 y; six female, 17 ± 3 y; mean ± SD) completed a morning session of 1200 m of varied intensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied intensity swimming and a resistance exercise routine (SwimDry) or no morning exercise (NoEx). Following a six hour break, swimmers completed a 100 m time-trial.RESULTS: Time-trial performance was faster in SwimOnly (1.6{\%} ± 0.6{\%}, mean, ± 90{\%} confidence limits, P < 0.01) and SwimDry (1.7{\%} ± 0.7{\%}, P < 0.01) compared with NoEx. Split times for the 25-50 m distance were faster in both SwimOnly (1.7{\%} ± 1.2{\%}, P = 0.02) and SwimDry (1.5{\%} ± 0.8{\%}, P = 0.01) compared to NoEx. First 50 m stroke rate was higher in SwimOnly (0.70 ± 0.21 Hz, mean ± standard deviation, P = 0.03) and SwimDry (0.69 ± 0.18 Hz, P = 0.05) compared to NoEx (0.64 ± 0.16 Hz). Before the afternoon session, core (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, mean, ± 90{\%} confidence limits, P = 0.04), body (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) and skin (0.3°C ± 0.3°C, P = 0.02) temperatures were higher in SwimDry compared to NoEx.CONCLUSIONS: Completion of a morning swimming session alone or together with resistance exercise can substantially enhance sprint swimming performance completed later the same day.",
    keywords = "priming exercise, competitive swimmers, core temperature, stroke rate",
    author = "Courtney McGowan and David Pyne and Kevin Thompson and John Raglin and Ben Rattray",
    year = "2017",
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    doi = "10.1123/ijspp.2016-0276",
    language = "English",
    volume = "12",
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    Morning Exercise : Enhancement of Afternoon Sprint-Swimming Performance. / McGowan, Courtney; Pyne, David; Thompson, Kevin; Raglin, John; Rattray, Ben.

    In: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, Vol. 12, No. 5, 05.2017, p. 605-611.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Morning Exercise

    T2 - Enhancement of Afternoon Sprint-Swimming Performance

    AU - McGowan, Courtney

    AU - Pyne, David

    AU - Thompson, Kevin

    AU - Raglin, John

    AU - Rattray, Ben

    PY - 2017/5

    Y1 - 2017/5

    N2 - An exercise bout completed several hours prior to an event may improve competitive performance later that same day.PURPOSE: To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint swimming performance.METHODS: Thirteen competitive swimmers (seven male, 19 ± 3 y; six female, 17 ± 3 y; mean ± SD) completed a morning session of 1200 m of varied intensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied intensity swimming and a resistance exercise routine (SwimDry) or no morning exercise (NoEx). Following a six hour break, swimmers completed a 100 m time-trial.RESULTS: Time-trial performance was faster in SwimOnly (1.6% ± 0.6%, mean, ± 90% confidence limits, P < 0.01) and SwimDry (1.7% ± 0.7%, P < 0.01) compared with NoEx. Split times for the 25-50 m distance were faster in both SwimOnly (1.7% ± 1.2%, P = 0.02) and SwimDry (1.5% ± 0.8%, P = 0.01) compared to NoEx. First 50 m stroke rate was higher in SwimOnly (0.70 ± 0.21 Hz, mean ± standard deviation, P = 0.03) and SwimDry (0.69 ± 0.18 Hz, P = 0.05) compared to NoEx (0.64 ± 0.16 Hz). Before the afternoon session, core (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, mean, ± 90% confidence limits, P = 0.04), body (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) and skin (0.3°C ± 0.3°C, P = 0.02) temperatures were higher in SwimDry compared to NoEx.CONCLUSIONS: Completion of a morning swimming session alone or together with resistance exercise can substantially enhance sprint swimming performance completed later the same day.

    AB - An exercise bout completed several hours prior to an event may improve competitive performance later that same day.PURPOSE: To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint swimming performance.METHODS: Thirteen competitive swimmers (seven male, 19 ± 3 y; six female, 17 ± 3 y; mean ± SD) completed a morning session of 1200 m of varied intensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied intensity swimming and a resistance exercise routine (SwimDry) or no morning exercise (NoEx). Following a six hour break, swimmers completed a 100 m time-trial.RESULTS: Time-trial performance was faster in SwimOnly (1.6% ± 0.6%, mean, ± 90% confidence limits, P < 0.01) and SwimDry (1.7% ± 0.7%, P < 0.01) compared with NoEx. Split times for the 25-50 m distance were faster in both SwimOnly (1.7% ± 1.2%, P = 0.02) and SwimDry (1.5% ± 0.8%, P = 0.01) compared to NoEx. First 50 m stroke rate was higher in SwimOnly (0.70 ± 0.21 Hz, mean ± standard deviation, P = 0.03) and SwimDry (0.69 ± 0.18 Hz, P = 0.05) compared to NoEx (0.64 ± 0.16 Hz). Before the afternoon session, core (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, mean, ± 90% confidence limits, P = 0.04), body (0.2°C ± 0.1°C, P = 0.02) and skin (0.3°C ± 0.3°C, P = 0.02) temperatures were higher in SwimDry compared to NoEx.CONCLUSIONS: Completion of a morning swimming session alone or together with resistance exercise can substantially enhance sprint swimming performance completed later the same day.

    KW - priming exercise

    KW - competitive swimmers

    KW - core temperature

    KW - stroke rate

    U2 - 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0276

    DO - 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0276

    M3 - Article

    VL - 12

    SP - 605

    EP - 611

    JO - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

    JF - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

    SN - 1555-0265

    IS - 5

    ER -