Morphology and behaviour of greigite from a Holocene sediment in Eastern Australia

Richard T. Bush, Leigh A. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Greigite (FeS1.34) was identified in the black magnetic fraction of a freeze-dried unoxidised estuarine sediment by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with quantitative energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The greigite crystals were tabular, unlike the cubic morphology described in the literature, and ranged in size up to 1 μm wide and 0.2 μm thick. The stability of greigite was monitored by changes in peak intensities in X-ray diffractograms for a sample of greigite after exposure to a range of oxidising conditions. Moist greigite (with an approximate moisture content of 0.35 g/g) oxidised within hours under ambient conditions at 25°C and within minutes at 88°C. However, greigite was relatively stable if kept air-dry. The results indicate standard sample-handling and oven-drying procedures presently used for sulfidic sediments to minimise oxidation actually enhance greigite oxidation and suggest greigite may have an important role in the acidification of these sediments in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-861
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Journal of Soil Research
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

greigite
Sediments
Holocene
oxidation
energy-dispersive X-ray analysis
estuarine sediments
sediments
ovens
X-ray diffraction
sediment
acidification
crystals
X-radiation
scanning electron microscopy
drying
water content
sampling
air
Oxidation
Energy dispersive X ray analysis

Cite this

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abstract = "Greigite (FeS1.34) was identified in the black magnetic fraction of a freeze-dried unoxidised estuarine sediment by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with quantitative energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The greigite crystals were tabular, unlike the cubic morphology described in the literature, and ranged in size up to 1 μm wide and 0.2 μm thick. The stability of greigite was monitored by changes in peak intensities in X-ray diffractograms for a sample of greigite after exposure to a range of oxidising conditions. Moist greigite (with an approximate moisture content of 0.35 g/g) oxidised within hours under ambient conditions at 25°C and within minutes at 88°C. However, greigite was relatively stable if kept air-dry. The results indicate standard sample-handling and oven-drying procedures presently used for sulfidic sediments to minimise oxidation actually enhance greigite oxidation and suggest greigite may have an important role in the acidification of these sediments in the field.",
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Morphology and behaviour of greigite from a Holocene sediment in Eastern Australia. / Bush, Richard T.; Sullivan, Leigh A.

In: Australian Journal of Soil Research, Vol. 35, No. 4, 1997, p. 853-861.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Morphology and behaviour of greigite from a Holocene sediment in Eastern Australia

AU - Bush, Richard T.

AU - Sullivan, Leigh A.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

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