It is argued that conditions for social justice in developing countries are deficient under both state capitalism (“democracy”) and neopatrimonialism. Development assistance is similarly constrained, but it also has shortcomings in relation to “democracy” promotion. Political economy analyses can provide authentic insights into how poor people negotiate for public goods, but such interactions seem unlikely to yield sustainable social justice for most citizens. The assessment calls for a reconfiguration of power relations and a more egalitarian distribution of public goods within and between countries, which is what most people are predisposed to want and are entitled to expect and enjoy.
Blunt, P., TURNER, M., & Lindroth, H. (2013). Morton's Fork: "Democracy" Versus Neopatrimonialism in Developing Countries. International Journal of Public Administration, 36(1), 45-62. https://doi.org/10.1080/01900692.2012.713293