Negative soil feedbacks accumulate over time for non-native plant species

Jeffrey Diez, Ian Dickie, Grant Edwards, Philip Hulme, Jon Sullivan, Richard Duncan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    125 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The enemy release hypothesis is a common explanation for species invasions, suggesting that introduced species benefit from leaving behind natural enemies in the native range. However, any such advantage may attenuate over time. In this study, we test a prediction of this more dynamic enemy release hypothesis: that non-native plant species that became established longer ago exhibit stronger negative feedbacks with the soil. Consistent with declining enemy release over time, we found increasingly negative soil feedbacks for species established longer ago in New Zealand. egative soil feedbacks were also stronger for more widespread species, but weaker for more locally abundant species, suggesting that species accumulate negative interactions as they spread and can be locally regulated by these interactions. We also present data to support the common assumption that relatives have similar impacts on and responses to soil communities. Together, these data highlight the dynamic nature of novel interactions arising from species introductions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)803-809
    Number of pages7
    JournalEcology Letters
    Volume13
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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    enemy release hypothesis
    soil
    natural enemies
    natural enemy
    introduced species
    prediction
    plant species
    testing

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    Diez, Jeffrey ; Dickie, Ian ; Edwards, Grant ; Hulme, Philip ; Sullivan, Jon ; Duncan, Richard. / Negative soil feedbacks accumulate over time for non-native plant species. In: Ecology Letters. 2010 ; Vol. 13. pp. 803-809.
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    Negative soil feedbacks accumulate over time for non-native plant species. / Diez, Jeffrey; Dickie, Ian; Edwards, Grant; Hulme, Philip; Sullivan, Jon; Duncan, Richard.

    In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 13, 2010, p. 803-809.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Negative soil feedbacks accumulate over time for non-native plant species

    AU - Diez, Jeffrey

    AU - Dickie, Ian

    AU - Edwards, Grant

    AU - Hulme, Philip

    AU - Sullivan, Jon

    AU - Duncan, Richard

    PY - 2010

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    AB - The enemy release hypothesis is a common explanation for species invasions, suggesting that introduced species benefit from leaving behind natural enemies in the native range. However, any such advantage may attenuate over time. In this study, we test a prediction of this more dynamic enemy release hypothesis: that non-native plant species that became established longer ago exhibit stronger negative feedbacks with the soil. Consistent with declining enemy release over time, we found increasingly negative soil feedbacks for species established longer ago in New Zealand. egative soil feedbacks were also stronger for more widespread species, but weaker for more locally abundant species, suggesting that species accumulate negative interactions as they spread and can be locally regulated by these interactions. We also present data to support the common assumption that relatives have similar impacts on and responses to soil communities. Together, these data highlight the dynamic nature of novel interactions arising from species introductions.

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