Non-targeted metabolomics analyses by mass spectrometry to explore metabolic stress after six training weeks in high level swimmers

Robin Pla, Estelle Pujos-Guillot, Stéphanie Durand, Marion Brandolini-Bunlon, Delphine Centeno, David B Pyne, Jean-François Toussaint, Philippe Hellard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective was to compare the metabolic responses of high-level national swimmers to threshold or polarised training. 22 swimmers (n = 12 males and 10 females) participated in a 28-week cross-over intervention study consisting of 2 × 6 period weeks of training. Swimmers were assigned randomly to either training group for the first period: polarised (POL) (81% in energetic zone 1: blood lactate [La]b ≤ 2 mmol.L-1; 4% in zone 2: 2 mmol.L-1 <[La]b ≤ 4 mmol.L-1; 15% in zone 3: [La]b > 4 mmol.L-1) or threshold (THR) (65%/25%/10%). Before and after each training period, urine samples were collected for non-targeted metabolomics analysis. Mixed model analysis was performed on metabolomics data including fatigue class factors and/or training and/or interaction. Ion intensities of 6-keto-decanoylcarnitine (+31%), pregnanediol-3-glucuronide (+81%), P-cresol sulphate (+18%) were higher in the threshold group (P < 0.05) indicating higher glycogenic depletion and inflammation without alteration of the neuroendocrine stress axis. 4-phenylbutanic acid sulphate was 200% higher in less fatigued swimmers (P < 0.01) linking the anti-inflammatory activity at the cell membrane level to the subjective perception of fatigue. This research suggests the importance of replenishing glycogen stores and reducing inflammation during high thresholds training loads.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Dec 2020

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