Nonspecific antiviral immunity by formalin-fixed Coxiella burnetii is enhanced in the absence of nitric oxide

Michael Rolph, Suresh Mahalingam, Bill Cowden

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Mice treated with a single injection of formalin-fixed Coxiella burnetii showed a significant increase in resistance to vaccinia virus (VV) infection compared to untreated mice. C. burnetii stimulated dramatically high levels of nitric oxide (NO) in the serum of treated mice, suggesting that NO might play a role in resistance to virus infection. To test this hypothesis, the effect of C. burnetii treatment on VV replication was examined in NOS2−/− and wild-type mice. C. burnetii treatment inhibited VV replication in both the knockout and wild-type mice but the effect was significantly greater in the NOS2−/− mice. Experiments in IFNγ receptor knockout mice indicated that the nonspecific antiviral immunity induced by C. burnetii was dependent on IFNγ and not NO. In the absence of NO, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) was increased in C. burnetii-treated mice and this may contribute to the accelerated virus clearance in NOS2−/− mice
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


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