Novel ecosystems

Theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order

Richard J. Hobbs, Salvatore Arico, James Aronson, Jill S. Baron, Peter Bridgewater, Viki A. Cramer, Paul R. Epstein, John J. Ewel, Carlos A. Klink, Ariel E. Lugo, David Norton, Dennis Ojima, David M. Richardson, Eric W. Sanderson, Fernando Valladares, Montserrat Vilà, Regino Zamora, Martin Zobel

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1072 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We explore the issues relevant to those types of ecosystems containing new combinations of species that arise through human action, environmental change, and the impacts of the deliberate and inadvertent introduction of species from other regions. Novel ecosystems (also termed 'emerging ecosystems') result when species occur in combinations and relative abundances that have not occurred previously within a given biome. Key characteristics are novelty, in the form of new species combinations and the potential for changes in ecosystem functioning, and human agency, in that these ecosystems are the result of deliberate or inadvertent human action. As more of the Earth becomes transformed by human actions, novel ecosystems increase in importance, but are relatively little studied. Either the degradation or invasion of native or 'wild' ecosystems or the abandonment of intensively managed systems can result in the formation of these novel systems. Important considerations are whether these new systems are persistent and what values they may have. It is likely that it may be very difficult or costly to return such systems to their previous state, and hence consideration needs to be given to developing appropriate management goals and approaches.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-7
    Number of pages7
    JournalGlobal Ecology and Biogeography
    Volume15
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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    ecosystems
    ecosystem
    biome
    world
    relative abundance
    environmental change
    new combination
    new species
    degradation

    Cite this

    Hobbs, R. J., Arico, S., Aronson, J., Baron, J. S., Bridgewater, P., Cramer, V. A., ... Zobel, M. (2006). Novel ecosystems: Theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-822X.2006.00212.x
    Hobbs, Richard J. ; Arico, Salvatore ; Aronson, James ; Baron, Jill S. ; Bridgewater, Peter ; Cramer, Viki A. ; Epstein, Paul R. ; Ewel, John J. ; Klink, Carlos A. ; Lugo, Ariel E. ; Norton, David ; Ojima, Dennis ; Richardson, David M. ; Sanderson, Eric W. ; Valladares, Fernando ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Zamora, Regino ; Zobel, Martin. / Novel ecosystems : Theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order. In: Global Ecology and Biogeography. 2006 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 1-7.
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    Hobbs, RJ, Arico, S, Aronson, J, Baron, JS, Bridgewater, P, Cramer, VA, Epstein, PR, Ewel, JJ, Klink, CA, Lugo, AE, Norton, D, Ojima, D, Richardson, DM, Sanderson, EW, Valladares, F, Vilà, M, Zamora, R & Zobel, M 2006, 'Novel ecosystems: Theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-822X.2006.00212.x

    Novel ecosystems : Theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order. / Hobbs, Richard J.; Arico, Salvatore; Aronson, James; Baron, Jill S.; Bridgewater, Peter; Cramer, Viki A.; Epstein, Paul R.; Ewel, John J.; Klink, Carlos A.; Lugo, Ariel E.; Norton, David; Ojima, Dennis; Richardson, David M.; Sanderson, Eric W.; Valladares, Fernando; Vilà, Montserrat; Zamora, Regino; Zobel, Martin.

    In: Global Ecology and Biogeography, Vol. 15, No. 1, 01.01.2006, p. 1-7.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T2 - Theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order

    AU - Hobbs, Richard J.

    AU - Arico, Salvatore

    AU - Aronson, James

    AU - Baron, Jill S.

    AU - Bridgewater, Peter

    AU - Cramer, Viki A.

    AU - Epstein, Paul R.

    AU - Ewel, John J.

    AU - Klink, Carlos A.

    AU - Lugo, Ariel E.

    AU - Norton, David

    AU - Ojima, Dennis

    AU - Richardson, David M.

    AU - Sanderson, Eric W.

    AU - Valladares, Fernando

    AU - Vilà, Montserrat

    AU - Zamora, Regino

    AU - Zobel, Martin

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    N2 - We explore the issues relevant to those types of ecosystems containing new combinations of species that arise through human action, environmental change, and the impacts of the deliberate and inadvertent introduction of species from other regions. Novel ecosystems (also termed 'emerging ecosystems') result when species occur in combinations and relative abundances that have not occurred previously within a given biome. Key characteristics are novelty, in the form of new species combinations and the potential for changes in ecosystem functioning, and human agency, in that these ecosystems are the result of deliberate or inadvertent human action. As more of the Earth becomes transformed by human actions, novel ecosystems increase in importance, but are relatively little studied. Either the degradation or invasion of native or 'wild' ecosystems or the abandonment of intensively managed systems can result in the formation of these novel systems. Important considerations are whether these new systems are persistent and what values they may have. It is likely that it may be very difficult or costly to return such systems to their previous state, and hence consideration needs to be given to developing appropriate management goals and approaches.

    AB - We explore the issues relevant to those types of ecosystems containing new combinations of species that arise through human action, environmental change, and the impacts of the deliberate and inadvertent introduction of species from other regions. Novel ecosystems (also termed 'emerging ecosystems') result when species occur in combinations and relative abundances that have not occurred previously within a given biome. Key characteristics are novelty, in the form of new species combinations and the potential for changes in ecosystem functioning, and human agency, in that these ecosystems are the result of deliberate or inadvertent human action. As more of the Earth becomes transformed by human actions, novel ecosystems increase in importance, but are relatively little studied. Either the degradation or invasion of native or 'wild' ecosystems or the abandonment of intensively managed systems can result in the formation of these novel systems. Important considerations are whether these new systems are persistent and what values they may have. It is likely that it may be very difficult or costly to return such systems to their previous state, and hence consideration needs to be given to developing appropriate management goals and approaches.

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    KW - Ecosystem transformation

    KW - Land abandonment

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