Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions

Brenda HAPPELL, Trudy Dwyer, K Reid-Searl, Karena Burke, Cristina Caperchione, CADEYRN GASKIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims

To identify, from the perspectives of nurses, occupational stressors and ways in which they may be reduced.
Background

Nurses commonly experience high levels of occupational stress, with negative consequences for their physical and psychological health, health-care organisations and community. There is minimal research on reducing occupational stress.
Method

Six focus groups were conducted with 38 registered nurses using a qualitative exploratory approach. Participants were asked to identify sources of occupational stress and possible workplace initiatives to reduce stress.
Findings

Sources of occupational stress were: high workloads, unavailability of doctors, unsupportive management, human resource issues, interpersonal issues, patients’ relatives, shift work, car parking, handover procedures, no common area for nurses, not progressing at work and patient mental health. Suggestions for reduction included: workload modification, non-ward-based initiatives, changing shift hours, forwarding suggestions for change, music, special events, organisational development, ensuring nurses get breaks, massage therapists, acknowledgement from management and leadership within wards.
Conclusion

The findings highlight the need to understand local perspectives and the importance of involving nurses in identifying initiatives to reduce occupational stress.
Implications for nursing management

Health-care environments can be enhanced through local understanding of the occupational stressors and productively engaging nurses in developing stress reduction initiatives. Nurse managers must facilitate such processes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-647
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Nurses
Workload
Nurse Administrators
Massage
Anniversaries and Special Events
Music
Nursing Care
Focus Groups
Workplace
Mental Health
Organizations
Psychology
Delivery of Health Care
Health
Research

Cite this

HAPPELL, B., Dwyer, T., Reid-Searl, K., Burke, K., Caperchione, C., & GASKIN, CADEYRN. (2013). Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions. Journal of Nursing Management, 21(4), 638-647. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12037
HAPPELL, Brenda ; Dwyer, Trudy ; Reid-Searl, K ; Burke, Karena ; Caperchione, Cristina ; GASKIN, CADEYRN. / Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions. In: Journal of Nursing Management. 2013 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 638-647.
@article{34b9300d3df442cc98750c9bac62394d,
title = "Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions",
abstract = "AimsTo identify, from the perspectives of nurses, occupational stressors and ways in which they may be reduced.BackgroundNurses commonly experience high levels of occupational stress, with negative consequences for their physical and psychological health, health-care organisations and community. There is minimal research on reducing occupational stress.MethodSix focus groups were conducted with 38 registered nurses using a qualitative exploratory approach. Participants were asked to identify sources of occupational stress and possible workplace initiatives to reduce stress.FindingsSources of occupational stress were: high workloads, unavailability of doctors, unsupportive management, human resource issues, interpersonal issues, patients’ relatives, shift work, car parking, handover procedures, no common area for nurses, not progressing at work and patient mental health. Suggestions for reduction included: workload modification, non-ward-based initiatives, changing shift hours, forwarding suggestions for change, music, special events, organisational development, ensuring nurses get breaks, massage therapists, acknowledgement from management and leadership within wards.ConclusionThe findings highlight the need to understand local perspectives and the importance of involving nurses in identifying initiatives to reduce occupational stress.Implications for nursing managementHealth-care environments can be enhanced through local understanding of the occupational stressors and productively engaging nurses in developing stress reduction initiatives. Nurse managers must facilitate such processes",
author = "Brenda HAPPELL and Trudy Dwyer and K Reid-Searl and Karena Burke and Cristina Caperchione and CADEYRN GASKIN",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1111/jonm.12037",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "638--647",
journal = "Journal of Nursing Management",
issn = "0966-0429",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

HAPPELL, B, Dwyer, T, Reid-Searl, K, Burke, K, Caperchione, C & GASKIN, CADEYRN 2013, 'Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions', Journal of Nursing Management, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 638-647. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12037

Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions. / HAPPELL, Brenda; Dwyer, Trudy; Reid-Searl, K; Burke, Karena; Caperchione, Cristina; GASKIN, CADEYRN.

In: Journal of Nursing Management, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2013, p. 638-647.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions

AU - HAPPELL, Brenda

AU - Dwyer, Trudy

AU - Reid-Searl, K

AU - Burke, Karena

AU - Caperchione, Cristina

AU - GASKIN, CADEYRN

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - AimsTo identify, from the perspectives of nurses, occupational stressors and ways in which they may be reduced.BackgroundNurses commonly experience high levels of occupational stress, with negative consequences for their physical and psychological health, health-care organisations and community. There is minimal research on reducing occupational stress.MethodSix focus groups were conducted with 38 registered nurses using a qualitative exploratory approach. Participants were asked to identify sources of occupational stress and possible workplace initiatives to reduce stress.FindingsSources of occupational stress were: high workloads, unavailability of doctors, unsupportive management, human resource issues, interpersonal issues, patients’ relatives, shift work, car parking, handover procedures, no common area for nurses, not progressing at work and patient mental health. Suggestions for reduction included: workload modification, non-ward-based initiatives, changing shift hours, forwarding suggestions for change, music, special events, organisational development, ensuring nurses get breaks, massage therapists, acknowledgement from management and leadership within wards.ConclusionThe findings highlight the need to understand local perspectives and the importance of involving nurses in identifying initiatives to reduce occupational stress.Implications for nursing managementHealth-care environments can be enhanced through local understanding of the occupational stressors and productively engaging nurses in developing stress reduction initiatives. Nurse managers must facilitate such processes

AB - AimsTo identify, from the perspectives of nurses, occupational stressors and ways in which they may be reduced.BackgroundNurses commonly experience high levels of occupational stress, with negative consequences for their physical and psychological health, health-care organisations and community. There is minimal research on reducing occupational stress.MethodSix focus groups were conducted with 38 registered nurses using a qualitative exploratory approach. Participants were asked to identify sources of occupational stress and possible workplace initiatives to reduce stress.FindingsSources of occupational stress were: high workloads, unavailability of doctors, unsupportive management, human resource issues, interpersonal issues, patients’ relatives, shift work, car parking, handover procedures, no common area for nurses, not progressing at work and patient mental health. Suggestions for reduction included: workload modification, non-ward-based initiatives, changing shift hours, forwarding suggestions for change, music, special events, organisational development, ensuring nurses get breaks, massage therapists, acknowledgement from management and leadership within wards.ConclusionThe findings highlight the need to understand local perspectives and the importance of involving nurses in identifying initiatives to reduce occupational stress.Implications for nursing managementHealth-care environments can be enhanced through local understanding of the occupational stressors and productively engaging nurses in developing stress reduction initiatives. Nurse managers must facilitate such processes

U2 - 10.1111/jonm.12037

DO - 10.1111/jonm.12037

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 638

EP - 647

JO - Journal of Nursing Management

JF - Journal of Nursing Management

SN - 0966-0429

IS - 4

ER -

HAPPELL B, Dwyer T, Reid-Searl K, Burke K, Caperchione C, GASKIN CADEYRN. Nurses and stress: Recognizing causes and seeking solutions. Journal of Nursing Management. 2013;21(4):638-647. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12037