Nutrition, Illness, and Injury in Aquatic Sports

David B. Pyne, Evert A. Verhagen, Margo Mountjoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this review, we outline key principles for prevention of injury and illness in aquatic sports, detail the epidemiology of injury and illness in aquatic athletes at major international competitions and in training, and examine the relevant scientific evidence on nutrients for reducing the risk of illness and injury. Aquatic athletes are encouraged to consume a well-planned diet with sufficient calories, macronutrients (particularly carbohydrate and protein), and micronutrients (particularly iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, E, B6, and B12) to maintain health and performance. Ingesting carbohydrate via sports drinks, gels, or sports foods during prolonged training sessions is beneficial in maintaining energy availability. Studies of foods or supplements containing plant polyphenols and selected strains of probiotic species are promising, but further research is required. In terms of injury, intake of vitamin D, protein, and total caloric intake, in combination with treatment and resistance training, promotes recovery back to full health and training.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-469
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Pyne, David B. ; Verhagen, Evert A. ; Mountjoy, Margo. / Nutrition, Illness, and Injury in Aquatic Sports. In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 460-469.
@article{68d1a14e1d4647ab8bd631c3cda0235a,
title = "Nutrition, Illness, and Injury in Aquatic Sports",
abstract = "In this review, we outline key principles for prevention of injury and illness in aquatic sports, detail the epidemiology of injury and illness in aquatic athletes at major international competitions and in training, and examine the relevant scientific evidence on nutrients for reducing the risk of illness and injury. Aquatic athletes are encouraged to consume a well-planned diet with sufficient calories, macronutrients (particularly carbohydrate and protein), and micronutrients (particularly iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, E, B6, and B12) to maintain health and performance. Ingesting carbohydrate via sports drinks, gels, or sports foods during prolonged training sessions is beneficial in maintaining energy availability. Studies of foods or supplements containing plant polyphenols and selected strains of probiotic species are promising, but further research is required. In terms of injury, intake of vitamin D, protein, and total caloric intake, in combination with treatment and resistance training, promotes recovery back to full health and training.",
keywords = "epidemiology, nutrition, swimming, infection, supplements, ergogenic aids",
author = "Pyne, {David B.} and Verhagen, {Evert A.} and Margo Mountjoy",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0008",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "460--469",
journal = "International Journal of Sport Nutrition",
issn = "1526-484X",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Nutrition, Illness, and Injury in Aquatic Sports. / Pyne, David B.; Verhagen, Evert A.; Mountjoy, Margo.

In: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, Vol. 24, No. 4, 08.2014, p. 460-469.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutrition, Illness, and Injury in Aquatic Sports

AU - Pyne, David B.

AU - Verhagen, Evert A.

AU - Mountjoy, Margo

PY - 2014/8

Y1 - 2014/8

N2 - In this review, we outline key principles for prevention of injury and illness in aquatic sports, detail the epidemiology of injury and illness in aquatic athletes at major international competitions and in training, and examine the relevant scientific evidence on nutrients for reducing the risk of illness and injury. Aquatic athletes are encouraged to consume a well-planned diet with sufficient calories, macronutrients (particularly carbohydrate and protein), and micronutrients (particularly iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, E, B6, and B12) to maintain health and performance. Ingesting carbohydrate via sports drinks, gels, or sports foods during prolonged training sessions is beneficial in maintaining energy availability. Studies of foods or supplements containing plant polyphenols and selected strains of probiotic species are promising, but further research is required. In terms of injury, intake of vitamin D, protein, and total caloric intake, in combination with treatment and resistance training, promotes recovery back to full health and training.

AB - In this review, we outline key principles for prevention of injury and illness in aquatic sports, detail the epidemiology of injury and illness in aquatic athletes at major international competitions and in training, and examine the relevant scientific evidence on nutrients for reducing the risk of illness and injury. Aquatic athletes are encouraged to consume a well-planned diet with sufficient calories, macronutrients (particularly carbohydrate and protein), and micronutrients (particularly iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, E, B6, and B12) to maintain health and performance. Ingesting carbohydrate via sports drinks, gels, or sports foods during prolonged training sessions is beneficial in maintaining energy availability. Studies of foods or supplements containing plant polyphenols and selected strains of probiotic species are promising, but further research is required. In terms of injury, intake of vitamin D, protein, and total caloric intake, in combination with treatment and resistance training, promotes recovery back to full health and training.

KW - epidemiology

KW - nutrition

KW - swimming

KW - infection

KW - supplements

KW - ergogenic aids

U2 - 10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0008

DO - 10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0008

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 460

EP - 469

JO - International Journal of Sport Nutrition

JF - International Journal of Sport Nutrition

SN - 1526-484X

IS - 4

ER -