Obesity and emotional well-being in adolescents: Roles of body dissatisfaction, loss of control eating, and self-rated health

Kim Van Zutven, Joanna Lindstrom, Caroline Bentley, Kassandra Gratwick-Sarll, Carmel Harrison, Vivienne Lewis, Jonathan Mond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Weak or inconsistent association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being in population-based samples has led to efforts to identify mediating variables. This study examined the relative importance of body dissatisfaction (BD), loss of control (LOC) eating, and self-rated health (SRH) in mediating the association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being in a school-based sample of adolescents (boys, n = 437; girls, n = 950). Methods Moderated mediation analysis was employed to assess the relative importance of the putative mediating variables and moderation of mediation effects by sex following the methods suggested by Hayes and coworkers. Results BD and SRH, but not LOC eating, were found to mediate the association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being. Stronger mediation effects were observed for BD than for SRH. None of these results was moderated by sex. Conclusions The findings suggest that it may be important to target BD in obesity prevention and treatment programs in order to reduce the adverse impact of excess body weight on young people's emotional well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-842
Number of pages6
JournalObesity
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Child Welfare
Obesity
Eating
Health
Body Weight
Population
Therapeutics

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Van Zutven, Kim ; Lindstrom, Joanna ; Bentley, Caroline ; Gratwick-Sarll, Kassandra ; Harrison, Carmel ; Lewis, Vivienne ; Mond, Jonathan. / Obesity and emotional well-being in adolescents: Roles of body dissatisfaction, loss of control eating, and self-rated health. In: Obesity. 2016 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 837-842.
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Van Zutven, K, Lindstrom, J, Bentley, C, Gratwick-Sarll, K, Harrison, C, Lewis, V & Mond, J 2016, 'Obesity and emotional well-being in adolescents: Roles of body dissatisfaction, loss of control eating, and self-rated health', Obesity, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 837-842. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21428

Obesity and emotional well-being in adolescents: Roles of body dissatisfaction, loss of control eating, and self-rated health. / Van Zutven, Kim; Lindstrom, Joanna; Bentley, Caroline; Gratwick-Sarll, Kassandra; Harrison, Carmel; Lewis, Vivienne; Mond, Jonathan.

In: Obesity, Vol. 24, No. 4, 2016, p. 837-842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Van Zutven, Kim

AU - Lindstrom, Joanna

AU - Bentley, Caroline

AU - Gratwick-Sarll, Kassandra

AU - Harrison, Carmel

AU - Lewis, Vivienne

AU - Mond, Jonathan

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N2 - Objective Weak or inconsistent association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being in population-based samples has led to efforts to identify mediating variables. This study examined the relative importance of body dissatisfaction (BD), loss of control (LOC) eating, and self-rated health (SRH) in mediating the association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being in a school-based sample of adolescents (boys, n = 437; girls, n = 950). Methods Moderated mediation analysis was employed to assess the relative importance of the putative mediating variables and moderation of mediation effects by sex following the methods suggested by Hayes and coworkers. Results BD and SRH, but not LOC eating, were found to mediate the association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being. Stronger mediation effects were observed for BD than for SRH. None of these results was moderated by sex. Conclusions The findings suggest that it may be important to target BD in obesity prevention and treatment programs in order to reduce the adverse impact of excess body weight on young people's emotional well-being.

AB - Objective Weak or inconsistent association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being in population-based samples has led to efforts to identify mediating variables. This study examined the relative importance of body dissatisfaction (BD), loss of control (LOC) eating, and self-rated health (SRH) in mediating the association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being in a school-based sample of adolescents (boys, n = 437; girls, n = 950). Methods Moderated mediation analysis was employed to assess the relative importance of the putative mediating variables and moderation of mediation effects by sex following the methods suggested by Hayes and coworkers. Results BD and SRH, but not LOC eating, were found to mediate the association between obesity and impairment in emotional well-being. Stronger mediation effects were observed for BD than for SRH. None of these results was moderated by sex. Conclusions The findings suggest that it may be important to target BD in obesity prevention and treatment programs in order to reduce the adverse impact of excess body weight on young people's emotional well-being.

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