Occupational Therapists' Attitudes, Knowledge, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: A Systematic Review of Published Research

Dominic UPTON, Danielle Stephens, Briony Williams, Laura Scurlock-Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Evidence-based practice is the procedure whereby clinicians incorporate best research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values to provide best patient care. Recently, there has been a significant push towards occupational therapists' adoption of evidence-based practice. This systematic review aimed to determine occupational therapists' attitudes, knowledge, and utilization of evidence-based practice. Method: A search of literature published between 2000–12 was conducted in relation to occupational therapists' practice. Academic Search Complete, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus, PsycARTICLES, Ingenta, Medline, Science Direct, and Journal Storage were systematically searched using MeSH and free-text keywords. Google Scholar and reference lists were also searched. Findings: Thirty-two papers were selected for review: 23 were quantitative, 8 were qualitative, and 1 used a mixed methods design. Studies demonstrated that occupational therapists hold positive attitudes towards evidence-based practice. However, these attitudes do not translate into practice, with research indicating a lack of evidence-based practice utilization. Occupational therapists perceive a number of barriers to evidence-based practice, including lack of time, lack of availability and accessibility of research, and having limited research skills. Conclusion: It is essential that educational and training initiatives provide therapists with the tools and support they need to engage fully with research evidence and its application within clinical care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-38
Number of pages15
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Evidence-Based Practice
Research
Occupational Therapists
Patient Care
Nursing
Health

Cite this

UPTON, Dominic ; Stephens, Danielle ; Williams, Briony ; Scurlock-Evans, Laura. / Occupational Therapists' Attitudes, Knowledge, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: A Systematic Review of Published Research. In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2014 ; Vol. 77, No. 1. pp. 24-38.
@article{3b6c5e7d2d784c578ba7e827d1d35bb2,
title = "Occupational Therapists' Attitudes, Knowledge, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: A Systematic Review of Published Research",
abstract = "Introduction: Evidence-based practice is the procedure whereby clinicians incorporate best research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values to provide best patient care. Recently, there has been a significant push towards occupational therapists' adoption of evidence-based practice. This systematic review aimed to determine occupational therapists' attitudes, knowledge, and utilization of evidence-based practice. Method: A search of literature published between 2000–12 was conducted in relation to occupational therapists' practice. Academic Search Complete, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus, PsycARTICLES, Ingenta, Medline, Science Direct, and Journal Storage were systematically searched using MeSH and free-text keywords. Google Scholar and reference lists were also searched. Findings: Thirty-two papers were selected for review: 23 were quantitative, 8 were qualitative, and 1 used a mixed methods design. Studies demonstrated that occupational therapists hold positive attitudes towards evidence-based practice. However, these attitudes do not translate into practice, with research indicating a lack of evidence-based practice utilization. Occupational therapists perceive a number of barriers to evidence-based practice, including lack of time, lack of availability and accessibility of research, and having limited research skills. Conclusion: It is essential that educational and training initiatives provide therapists with the tools and support they need to engage fully with research evidence and its application within clinical care.",
keywords = "Evidence-based practice, Occupational therapy, Knowledge, Research utilization",
author = "Dominic UPTON and Danielle Stephens and Briony Williams and Laura Scurlock-Evans",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.4276/030802214X13887685335544",
language = "English",
volume = "77",
pages = "24--38",
journal = "OCCUP.THER.",
issn = "0308-0226",
publisher = "British Journal of Occupational Therapy",
number = "1",

}

Occupational Therapists' Attitudes, Knowledge, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: A Systematic Review of Published Research. / UPTON, Dominic; Stephens, Danielle; Williams, Briony; Scurlock-Evans, Laura.

In: British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Vol. 77, No. 1, 2014, p. 24-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational Therapists' Attitudes, Knowledge, and Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice: A Systematic Review of Published Research

AU - UPTON, Dominic

AU - Stephens, Danielle

AU - Williams, Briony

AU - Scurlock-Evans, Laura

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Introduction: Evidence-based practice is the procedure whereby clinicians incorporate best research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values to provide best patient care. Recently, there has been a significant push towards occupational therapists' adoption of evidence-based practice. This systematic review aimed to determine occupational therapists' attitudes, knowledge, and utilization of evidence-based practice. Method: A search of literature published between 2000–12 was conducted in relation to occupational therapists' practice. Academic Search Complete, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus, PsycARTICLES, Ingenta, Medline, Science Direct, and Journal Storage were systematically searched using MeSH and free-text keywords. Google Scholar and reference lists were also searched. Findings: Thirty-two papers were selected for review: 23 were quantitative, 8 were qualitative, and 1 used a mixed methods design. Studies demonstrated that occupational therapists hold positive attitudes towards evidence-based practice. However, these attitudes do not translate into practice, with research indicating a lack of evidence-based practice utilization. Occupational therapists perceive a number of barriers to evidence-based practice, including lack of time, lack of availability and accessibility of research, and having limited research skills. Conclusion: It is essential that educational and training initiatives provide therapists with the tools and support they need to engage fully with research evidence and its application within clinical care.

AB - Introduction: Evidence-based practice is the procedure whereby clinicians incorporate best research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values to provide best patient care. Recently, there has been a significant push towards occupational therapists' adoption of evidence-based practice. This systematic review aimed to determine occupational therapists' attitudes, knowledge, and utilization of evidence-based practice. Method: A search of literature published between 2000–12 was conducted in relation to occupational therapists' practice. Academic Search Complete, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus, PsycARTICLES, Ingenta, Medline, Science Direct, and Journal Storage were systematically searched using MeSH and free-text keywords. Google Scholar and reference lists were also searched. Findings: Thirty-two papers were selected for review: 23 were quantitative, 8 were qualitative, and 1 used a mixed methods design. Studies demonstrated that occupational therapists hold positive attitudes towards evidence-based practice. However, these attitudes do not translate into practice, with research indicating a lack of evidence-based practice utilization. Occupational therapists perceive a number of barriers to evidence-based practice, including lack of time, lack of availability and accessibility of research, and having limited research skills. Conclusion: It is essential that educational and training initiatives provide therapists with the tools and support they need to engage fully with research evidence and its application within clinical care.

KW - Evidence-based practice

KW - Occupational therapy

KW - Knowledge

KW - Research utilization

U2 - 10.4276/030802214X13887685335544

DO - 10.4276/030802214X13887685335544

M3 - Article

VL - 77

SP - 24

EP - 38

JO - OCCUP.THER.

JF - OCCUP.THER.

SN - 0308-0226

IS - 1

ER -