Occupational therapists’ perceptions of occupation in practice: An exploratory study

Amelia DI TOMMASO, Stephen ISBEL, Jennie SCARVELL, Alison WICKS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/aim: The World Federation of Occupational Therapists’ minimum standards state occupation and its relationship with health must be concepts covered in occupational therapy education. Therefore, it is assumed that Australian graduates have sound knowledge of the principles of occupation-based practice. In some practice settings, the link to occupation may not be explicit and graduates could face challenges to being occupation-based. The aims of this pilot study were to explore graduates’ perceptions of occupation in their practice and to investigate whether graduates felt sufficiently prepared for occupation-based practice. Methods: Two focus groups with eight therapists in total were employed to uncover experiences and perceptions of occupation. Themes were synthesised using Braun and Clarke's method of thematic analysis, where line by line coding was employed to inductively build themes. Results: Participants believed that occupation-based practice was important but did not necessarily need to be implemented as a means of intervention. From the participants’ perspective, simply striving for occupation as the end goal of therapy was acceptable. A strong focus on impairment-based practice hindered some therapists from exploring the use of occupation-based practice. For recent graduates, workplace culture was pervasive and inhibited the use of occupation. In addition, participants felt university educators did not provide an integrated or consistent approach when teaching how to apply occupation in practice. Conclusion: Workplace expectations and limited power to influence practice are impeding graduates from authentically applying occupation in practice. Insights from recently graduated therapists about occupation have the potential to inform future directions of occupation-based practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-213
Number of pages8
JournalAustralian Occupational Therapy Journal
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Occupations
Occupational Therapists
Workplace
Occupational Therapy
Focus Groups
Teaching

Cite this

@article{f5d9418bc233464c87f5c9d7613d8c0f,
title = "Occupational therapists’ perceptions of occupation in practice: An exploratory study",
abstract = "Background/aim: The World Federation of Occupational Therapists’ minimum standards state occupation and its relationship with health must be concepts covered in occupational therapy education. Therefore, it is assumed that Australian graduates have sound knowledge of the principles of occupation-based practice. In some practice settings, the link to occupation may not be explicit and graduates could face challenges to being occupation-based. The aims of this pilot study were to explore graduates’ perceptions of occupation in their practice and to investigate whether graduates felt sufficiently prepared for occupation-based practice. Methods: Two focus groups with eight therapists in total were employed to uncover experiences and perceptions of occupation. Themes were synthesised using Braun and Clarke's method of thematic analysis, where line by line coding was employed to inductively build themes. Results: Participants believed that occupation-based practice was important but did not necessarily need to be implemented as a means of intervention. From the participants’ perspective, simply striving for occupation as the end goal of therapy was acceptable. A strong focus on impairment-based practice hindered some therapists from exploring the use of occupation-based practice. For recent graduates, workplace culture was pervasive and inhibited the use of occupation. In addition, participants felt university educators did not provide an integrated or consistent approach when teaching how to apply occupation in practice. Conclusion: Workplace expectations and limited power to influence practice are impeding graduates from authentically applying occupation in practice. Insights from recently graduated therapists about occupation have the potential to inform future directions of occupation-based practice.",
keywords = "curriculum, occupational therapy, professional practice, qualitative research, teaching, Evaluation studies as topic, clinical decision making, occupation, Communities, mental health, Human activities, psychiatry, problem, this is an electronic, Electric stimulation, Activities of daily living, clinical competence, Terminal illness, 2000, published, community, Alter, version of an article, Task performance and analysis, Qualitative study, effect, in the australian occupational, Facilitators, Occupation based practice, bennett j, theory, bennett, Intervention, activity, Mental health, adults, Occupational therapist, Day hospice, Activities of Daily Living, evidence-based practice, Telemedicine, Consumer participation, professional identity, Adult, Gesundheit, Activities, Stroke, the process, Social participation, Human activities and occupations, interventions, performance, s, User-computer interface, w, Palliative care, older adults, therapy journal",
author = "{DI TOMMASO}, Amelia and Stephen ISBEL and Jennie SCARVELL and Alison WICKS",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/1440-1630.12289",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "206--213",
journal = "Australian Occupational Therapy Journal",
issn = "0045-0766",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

Occupational therapists’ perceptions of occupation in practice: An exploratory study. / DI TOMMASO, Amelia; ISBEL, Stephen; SCARVELL, Jennie; WICKS, Alison.

In: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, Vol. 63, No. 3, 2016, p. 206-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational therapists’ perceptions of occupation in practice: An exploratory study

AU - DI TOMMASO, Amelia

AU - ISBEL, Stephen

AU - SCARVELL, Jennie

AU - WICKS, Alison

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background/aim: The World Federation of Occupational Therapists’ minimum standards state occupation and its relationship with health must be concepts covered in occupational therapy education. Therefore, it is assumed that Australian graduates have sound knowledge of the principles of occupation-based practice. In some practice settings, the link to occupation may not be explicit and graduates could face challenges to being occupation-based. The aims of this pilot study were to explore graduates’ perceptions of occupation in their practice and to investigate whether graduates felt sufficiently prepared for occupation-based practice. Methods: Two focus groups with eight therapists in total were employed to uncover experiences and perceptions of occupation. Themes were synthesised using Braun and Clarke's method of thematic analysis, where line by line coding was employed to inductively build themes. Results: Participants believed that occupation-based practice was important but did not necessarily need to be implemented as a means of intervention. From the participants’ perspective, simply striving for occupation as the end goal of therapy was acceptable. A strong focus on impairment-based practice hindered some therapists from exploring the use of occupation-based practice. For recent graduates, workplace culture was pervasive and inhibited the use of occupation. In addition, participants felt university educators did not provide an integrated or consistent approach when teaching how to apply occupation in practice. Conclusion: Workplace expectations and limited power to influence practice are impeding graduates from authentically applying occupation in practice. Insights from recently graduated therapists about occupation have the potential to inform future directions of occupation-based practice.

AB - Background/aim: The World Federation of Occupational Therapists’ minimum standards state occupation and its relationship with health must be concepts covered in occupational therapy education. Therefore, it is assumed that Australian graduates have sound knowledge of the principles of occupation-based practice. In some practice settings, the link to occupation may not be explicit and graduates could face challenges to being occupation-based. The aims of this pilot study were to explore graduates’ perceptions of occupation in their practice and to investigate whether graduates felt sufficiently prepared for occupation-based practice. Methods: Two focus groups with eight therapists in total were employed to uncover experiences and perceptions of occupation. Themes were synthesised using Braun and Clarke's method of thematic analysis, where line by line coding was employed to inductively build themes. Results: Participants believed that occupation-based practice was important but did not necessarily need to be implemented as a means of intervention. From the participants’ perspective, simply striving for occupation as the end goal of therapy was acceptable. A strong focus on impairment-based practice hindered some therapists from exploring the use of occupation-based practice. For recent graduates, workplace culture was pervasive and inhibited the use of occupation. In addition, participants felt university educators did not provide an integrated or consistent approach when teaching how to apply occupation in practice. Conclusion: Workplace expectations and limited power to influence practice are impeding graduates from authentically applying occupation in practice. Insights from recently graduated therapists about occupation have the potential to inform future directions of occupation-based practice.

KW - curriculum

KW - occupational therapy

KW - professional practice

KW - qualitative research

KW - teaching

KW - Evaluation studies as topic

KW - clinical decision making

KW - occupation

KW - Communities

KW - mental health

KW - Human activities

KW - psychiatry

KW - problem

KW - this is an electronic

KW - Electric stimulation

KW - Activities of daily living

KW - clinical competence

KW - Terminal illness

KW - 2000

KW - published

KW - community

KW - Alter

KW - version of an article

KW - Task performance and analysis

KW - Qualitative study

KW - effect

KW - in the australian occupational

KW - Facilitators

KW - Occupation based practice

KW - bennett j

KW - theory

KW - bennett

KW - Intervention

KW - activity

KW - Mental health

KW - adults

KW - Occupational therapist

KW - Day hospice

KW - Activities of Daily Living

KW - evidence-based practice

KW - Telemedicine

KW - Consumer participation

KW - professional identity

KW - Adult

KW - Gesundheit

KW - Activities

KW - Stroke

KW - the process

KW - Social participation

KW - Human activities and occupations

KW - interventions

KW - performance

KW - s

KW - User-computer interface

KW - w

KW - Palliative care

KW - older adults

KW - therapy journal

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84974711186&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://cjo.sagepub.com/content/77/1/15.abstract

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/telerehabilitation-electrical-stimulation-occupationbased-clientcentered-stroke-intervention

U2 - 10.1111/1440-1630.12289

DO - 10.1111/1440-1630.12289

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 206

EP - 213

JO - Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

JF - Australian Occupational Therapy Journal

SN - 0045-0766

IS - 3

ER -