On the feasibility of establishing the provenance of Australian Aboriginal artefacts using synchrotron radiation xrd and protoon-induced X-ray emission

Dudley Creagh, M.E Kubik, Meta Sterns

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Museums and galleries in Australia have extensive collections of Aboriginal artefacts in their custody. In particular, the National Museum of Australia and the National Gallery of Australia are custodians of works of very considerable significance, in both cultural and financial terms. Art fraud can occur, documentation relating to artefacts can be mislaid, or the artefacts can be incorrectly filed. Because of this, it has become essential to establish protocols for the objective determination of the provenance of artefacts through scientific tests. For the work reported here we are concerned with the comparison of very small quantities of materials, paint scrapings from artefacts. Scrapings from artefacts of unknown provenance are compared with those from artefacts of known provenance, and the database established using an extended set of analytical techniques by Kubik. We describe here our use of synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) to determine the mineral phase compositions of very small amounts of pigment material (<50 μg), and the use of PIXE to give their atomic compositions to a threshold level of 1 ppm for similar masses of material
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)721-725
    Number of pages5
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment
    Volume580
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Fingerprint

    Synchrotron radiation
    artifacts
    synchrotron radiation
    Museums
    X rays
    x rays
    museums
    Phase composition
    Pigments
    Paint
    Minerals
    X ray diffraction
    documentation
    Chemical analysis
    arts
    paints
    pigments
    minerals
    thresholds
    diffraction

    Cite this

    @article{1a90258d9e864df4bf34534c6e2e5daf,
    title = "On the feasibility of establishing the provenance of Australian Aboriginal artefacts using synchrotron radiation xrd and protoon-induced X-ray emission",
    abstract = "Museums and galleries in Australia have extensive collections of Aboriginal artefacts in their custody. In particular, the National Museum of Australia and the National Gallery of Australia are custodians of works of very considerable significance, in both cultural and financial terms. Art fraud can occur, documentation relating to artefacts can be mislaid, or the artefacts can be incorrectly filed. Because of this, it has become essential to establish protocols for the objective determination of the provenance of artefacts through scientific tests. For the work reported here we are concerned with the comparison of very small quantities of materials, paint scrapings from artefacts. Scrapings from artefacts of unknown provenance are compared with those from artefacts of known provenance, and the database established using an extended set of analytical techniques by Kubik. We describe here our use of synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) to determine the mineral phase compositions of very small amounts of pigment material (<50 μg), and the use of PIXE to give their atomic compositions to a threshold level of 1 ppm for similar masses of material",
    author = "Dudley Creagh and M.E Kubik and Meta Sterns",
    year = "2007",
    doi = "10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.134",
    language = "English",
    volume = "580",
    pages = "721--725",
    journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
    issn = "0168-9002",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - On the feasibility of establishing the provenance of Australian Aboriginal artefacts using synchrotron radiation xrd and protoon-induced X-ray emission

    AU - Creagh, Dudley

    AU - Kubik, M.E

    AU - Sterns, Meta

    PY - 2007

    Y1 - 2007

    N2 - Museums and galleries in Australia have extensive collections of Aboriginal artefacts in their custody. In particular, the National Museum of Australia and the National Gallery of Australia are custodians of works of very considerable significance, in both cultural and financial terms. Art fraud can occur, documentation relating to artefacts can be mislaid, or the artefacts can be incorrectly filed. Because of this, it has become essential to establish protocols for the objective determination of the provenance of artefacts through scientific tests. For the work reported here we are concerned with the comparison of very small quantities of materials, paint scrapings from artefacts. Scrapings from artefacts of unknown provenance are compared with those from artefacts of known provenance, and the database established using an extended set of analytical techniques by Kubik. We describe here our use of synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) to determine the mineral phase compositions of very small amounts of pigment material (<50 μg), and the use of PIXE to give their atomic compositions to a threshold level of 1 ppm for similar masses of material

    AB - Museums and galleries in Australia have extensive collections of Aboriginal artefacts in their custody. In particular, the National Museum of Australia and the National Gallery of Australia are custodians of works of very considerable significance, in both cultural and financial terms. Art fraud can occur, documentation relating to artefacts can be mislaid, or the artefacts can be incorrectly filed. Because of this, it has become essential to establish protocols for the objective determination of the provenance of artefacts through scientific tests. For the work reported here we are concerned with the comparison of very small quantities of materials, paint scrapings from artefacts. Scrapings from artefacts of unknown provenance are compared with those from artefacts of known provenance, and the database established using an extended set of analytical techniques by Kubik. We describe here our use of synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) to determine the mineral phase compositions of very small amounts of pigment material (<50 μg), and the use of PIXE to give their atomic compositions to a threshold level of 1 ppm for similar masses of material

    U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.134

    DO - 10.1016/j.nima.2007.05.134

    M3 - Article

    VL - 580

    SP - 721

    EP - 725

    JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    SN - 0168-9002

    IS - 1

    ER -