One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single exercise training session

Dale Rae, Tayla Chin, Kagiso Dikgomo, Lee Hill, Andrew MCKUNE, Tertius Kohn, Laura Roden

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: The effects of sleep deprivation on physical performance are well documented, but data on the consequence of sleep deprivation on recovery from exercise are limited. The aim was to compare cyclists’ recovery from a single bout of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) after which they were given either a normal night of sleep (CON, 7.56 ± 0.63 h) or half of their usual time in bed (DEP, 3.83 ± 0.33 h). Methods: In this randomized cross-over intervention study, 16 trained male cyclists (age 32 ± 7 years), relative peak power output (PPO 4.6 ± 0.7 W kg-1) performed a HIIT session at ±18:00 followed by either the CON or DEP sleep condition. Recovery from the HIIT session was assessed the following day by comparing pre-HIIT variables to those measured 12 and 24 h after the session. Following a 2-week washout, cyclists repeated the trial, but under the alternate sleep condition. Results: PPO was reduced more 24 h after the HIIT session in the DEP (¿PPO -0.22 ± 0.22 W kg-1; range -0.75 to 0.1 W kg-1) compared to the CON condition (¿PPO -0.05 ± 0.09 W kg-1, range -0.19 to 0.17 W kg-1, p = 0.008, d = -2.16). Cyclists were sleepier (12 h: p = 0.002, d = 1.90; 24 h: p = 0.001, d = 1.41) and felt less motivated to train (12 h, p = 0.012, d = -0.89) during the 24 h recovery phase when the HIIT session was followed by the DEP condition. The exercise-induced 24 h reduction in systolic blood pressure observed in the CON condition was absent in the DEP condition (p = 0.039, d = 0.75). Conclusions: One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single HIIT session in cyclists. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms behind this observation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)699-712
    Number of pages14
    JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
    Volume117
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Fingerprint

    Sleep Deprivation
    Exercise
    Sleep
    Blood Pressure
    High-Intensity Interval Training
    Cross-Over Studies
    1-(2-(dodecyloxy)ethyl)pyrrolidine hydrochloride
    Research

    Cite this

    Rae, Dale ; Chin, Tayla ; Dikgomo, Kagiso ; Hill, Lee ; MCKUNE, Andrew ; Kohn, Tertius ; Roden, Laura. / One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single exercise training session. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2017 ; Vol. 117, No. 4. pp. 699-712.
    @article{c6d5108db3644109bc1eca58a6f3bf99,
    title = "One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single exercise training session",
    abstract = "Purpose: The effects of sleep deprivation on physical performance are well documented, but data on the consequence of sleep deprivation on recovery from exercise are limited. The aim was to compare cyclists’ recovery from a single bout of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) after which they were given either a normal night of sleep (CON, 7.56 ± 0.63 h) or half of their usual time in bed (DEP, 3.83 ± 0.33 h). Methods: In this randomized cross-over intervention study, 16 trained male cyclists (age 32 ± 7 years), relative peak power output (PPO 4.6 ± 0.7 W kg-1) performed a HIIT session at ±18:00 followed by either the CON or DEP sleep condition. Recovery from the HIIT session was assessed the following day by comparing pre-HIIT variables to those measured 12 and 24 h after the session. Following a 2-week washout, cyclists repeated the trial, but under the alternate sleep condition. Results: PPO was reduced more 24 h after the HIIT session in the DEP (¿PPO -0.22 ± 0.22 W kg-1; range -0.75 to 0.1 W kg-1) compared to the CON condition (¿PPO -0.05 ± 0.09 W kg-1, range -0.19 to 0.17 W kg-1, p = 0.008, d = -2.16). Cyclists were sleepier (12 h: p = 0.002, d = 1.90; 24 h: p = 0.001, d = 1.41) and felt less motivated to train (12 h, p = 0.012, d = -0.89) during the 24 h recovery phase when the HIIT session was followed by the DEP condition. The exercise-induced 24 h reduction in systolic blood pressure observed in the CON condition was absent in the DEP condition (p = 0.039, d = 0.75). Conclusions: One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single HIIT session in cyclists. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms behind this observation.",
    keywords = "Sleep deprivation, Recovery Strategies, Maximal performance, High-intensity interval training, Cyclists",
    author = "Dale Rae and Tayla Chin and Kagiso Dikgomo and Lee Hill and Andrew MCKUNE and Tertius Kohn and Laura Roden",
    year = "2017",
    doi = "10.1007/s00421-017-3565-5",
    language = "English",
    volume = "117",
    pages = "699--712",
    journal = "European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology",
    issn = "1439-6319",
    publisher = "Springer Verlag",
    number = "4",

    }

    One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single exercise training session. / Rae, Dale; Chin, Tayla; Dikgomo, Kagiso; Hill, Lee; MCKUNE, Andrew; Kohn, Tertius; Roden, Laura.

    In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 117, No. 4, 2017, p. 699-712.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single exercise training session

    AU - Rae, Dale

    AU - Chin, Tayla

    AU - Dikgomo, Kagiso

    AU - Hill, Lee

    AU - MCKUNE, Andrew

    AU - Kohn, Tertius

    AU - Roden, Laura

    PY - 2017

    Y1 - 2017

    N2 - Purpose: The effects of sleep deprivation on physical performance are well documented, but data on the consequence of sleep deprivation on recovery from exercise are limited. The aim was to compare cyclists’ recovery from a single bout of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) after which they were given either a normal night of sleep (CON, 7.56 ± 0.63 h) or half of their usual time in bed (DEP, 3.83 ± 0.33 h). Methods: In this randomized cross-over intervention study, 16 trained male cyclists (age 32 ± 7 years), relative peak power output (PPO 4.6 ± 0.7 W kg-1) performed a HIIT session at ±18:00 followed by either the CON or DEP sleep condition. Recovery from the HIIT session was assessed the following day by comparing pre-HIIT variables to those measured 12 and 24 h after the session. Following a 2-week washout, cyclists repeated the trial, but under the alternate sleep condition. Results: PPO was reduced more 24 h after the HIIT session in the DEP (¿PPO -0.22 ± 0.22 W kg-1; range -0.75 to 0.1 W kg-1) compared to the CON condition (¿PPO -0.05 ± 0.09 W kg-1, range -0.19 to 0.17 W kg-1, p = 0.008, d = -2.16). Cyclists were sleepier (12 h: p = 0.002, d = 1.90; 24 h: p = 0.001, d = 1.41) and felt less motivated to train (12 h, p = 0.012, d = -0.89) during the 24 h recovery phase when the HIIT session was followed by the DEP condition. The exercise-induced 24 h reduction in systolic blood pressure observed in the CON condition was absent in the DEP condition (p = 0.039, d = 0.75). Conclusions: One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single HIIT session in cyclists. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms behind this observation.

    AB - Purpose: The effects of sleep deprivation on physical performance are well documented, but data on the consequence of sleep deprivation on recovery from exercise are limited. The aim was to compare cyclists’ recovery from a single bout of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) after which they were given either a normal night of sleep (CON, 7.56 ± 0.63 h) or half of their usual time in bed (DEP, 3.83 ± 0.33 h). Methods: In this randomized cross-over intervention study, 16 trained male cyclists (age 32 ± 7 years), relative peak power output (PPO 4.6 ± 0.7 W kg-1) performed a HIIT session at ±18:00 followed by either the CON or DEP sleep condition. Recovery from the HIIT session was assessed the following day by comparing pre-HIIT variables to those measured 12 and 24 h after the session. Following a 2-week washout, cyclists repeated the trial, but under the alternate sleep condition. Results: PPO was reduced more 24 h after the HIIT session in the DEP (¿PPO -0.22 ± 0.22 W kg-1; range -0.75 to 0.1 W kg-1) compared to the CON condition (¿PPO -0.05 ± 0.09 W kg-1, range -0.19 to 0.17 W kg-1, p = 0.008, d = -2.16). Cyclists were sleepier (12 h: p = 0.002, d = 1.90; 24 h: p = 0.001, d = 1.41) and felt less motivated to train (12 h, p = 0.012, d = -0.89) during the 24 h recovery phase when the HIIT session was followed by the DEP condition. The exercise-induced 24 h reduction in systolic blood pressure observed in the CON condition was absent in the DEP condition (p = 0.039, d = 0.75). Conclusions: One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single HIIT session in cyclists. Further research is needed to understand the mechanisms behind this observation.

    KW - Sleep deprivation

    KW - Recovery Strategies

    KW - Maximal performance

    KW - High-intensity interval training

    KW - Cyclists

    U2 - 10.1007/s00421-017-3565-5

    DO - 10.1007/s00421-017-3565-5

    M3 - Article

    VL - 117

    SP - 699

    EP - 712

    JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology

    JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology

    SN - 1439-6319

    IS - 4

    ER -