Online Political Participation in the United States and Spain

Michael Jensen, Eva Anduiza

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

    7 Citations (Scopus)
    3 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Introduction The diffusion and integration of digital media in social and political life are said to be creating new forms of political organization and new opportunities for political participation (Castells 2009). This chapter is a comparative study of how and why people get involved in different offline and online participatory environments in the United States and Spain. Researchers have differentiated forms of participation in digital milieus according to their architectures, which enable more or less participation (Jackson and Lilleker 2009; Chadwick 2009a; Chapter 2). Digital environments contain varied structures for communicative interaction. Although web 1.0 involves a fixed content transmitted from a sender to a receiver, web 2.0 is distinguished by the role the receiver plays in the co-production of content. That is, web 1.0 is characterized by closed architecture (Lessig 2006), whereas web 2.0 is widely regarded as having a participatory architecture (O’Reilly 2007). In addition, researchers have developed theories connecting participation with resources such as experience, time, money, and civic skills (Verba, Schlozman, and Brady 1995). Modes of participation have been further distinguished by the attitudinal factors that motivate certain forms of participation but not others (Dalton 2008; Marsh, O’Toole, and Jones 2007). From a comparative perspective, research indicates the existence of differences in the categories of individuals and of attitudes motivating different forms of participation across systems (Dalton 2008). This chapter seeks to contribute to this line of research by examining the role the political context plays in shaping the forms of participation and the resources and attitudinal motivations behind them. We expect macro-level differences between the United States and Spain in political communication structures to have an impact on micro-level participatory practices in the two countries

    Online political participation in the United States and Spain | Request PDF. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297445358_Online_political_participation_in_the_United_States_and_Spain [accessed Feb 08 2018].
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDigital Media and Political Engagement Worldwide
    EditorsEva Anduiza, Michael James Jensen, Laia Jorba
    Place of PublicationUK
    PublisherCambridge University Press
    Chapter4
    Pages80-102
    Number of pages23
    ISBN (Electronic)9781139108881
    ISBN (Print)9781107668492
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    political participation
    Spain
    participation
    recipient
    time experience
    coproduction
    political communication
    digital media
    macro level
    micro level
    resources
    money
    organization
    interaction

    Cite this

    Jensen, M., & Anduiza, E. (2012). Online Political Participation in the United States and Spain. In E. Anduiza, M. J. Jensen, & L. Jorba (Eds.), Digital Media and Political Engagement Worldwide (pp. 80-102). UK: Cambridge University Press.
    Jensen, Michael ; Anduiza, Eva. / Online Political Participation in the United States and Spain. Digital Media and Political Engagement Worldwide. editor / Eva Anduiza ; Michael James Jensen ; Laia Jorba. UK : Cambridge University Press, 2012. pp. 80-102
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    Jensen, M & Anduiza, E 2012, Online Political Participation in the United States and Spain. in E Anduiza, MJ Jensen & L Jorba (eds), Digital Media and Political Engagement Worldwide. Cambridge University Press, UK, pp. 80-102.

    Online Political Participation in the United States and Spain. / Jensen, Michael; Anduiza, Eva.

    Digital Media and Political Engagement Worldwide. ed. / Eva Anduiza; Michael James Jensen; Laia Jorba. UK : Cambridge University Press, 2012. p. 80-102.

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapter

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    N2 - Introduction The diffusion and integration of digital media in social and political life are said to be creating new forms of political organization and new opportunities for political participation (Castells 2009). This chapter is a comparative study of how and why people get involved in different offline and online participatory environments in the United States and Spain. Researchers have differentiated forms of participation in digital milieus according to their architectures, which enable more or less participation (Jackson and Lilleker 2009; Chadwick 2009a; Chapter 2). Digital environments contain varied structures for communicative interaction. Although web 1.0 involves a fixed content transmitted from a sender to a receiver, web 2.0 is distinguished by the role the receiver plays in the co-production of content. That is, web 1.0 is characterized by closed architecture (Lessig 2006), whereas web 2.0 is widely regarded as having a participatory architecture (O’Reilly 2007). In addition, researchers have developed theories connecting participation with resources such as experience, time, money, and civic skills (Verba, Schlozman, and Brady 1995). Modes of participation have been further distinguished by the attitudinal factors that motivate certain forms of participation but not others (Dalton 2008; Marsh, O’Toole, and Jones 2007). From a comparative perspective, research indicates the existence of differences in the categories of individuals and of attitudes motivating different forms of participation across systems (Dalton 2008). This chapter seeks to contribute to this line of research by examining the role the political context plays in shaping the forms of participation and the resources and attitudinal motivations behind them. We expect macro-level differences between the United States and Spain in political communication structures to have an impact on micro-level participatory practices in the two countries Online political participation in the United States and Spain | Request PDF. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297445358_Online_political_participation_in_the_United_States_and_Spain [accessed Feb 08 2018].

    AB - Introduction The diffusion and integration of digital media in social and political life are said to be creating new forms of political organization and new opportunities for political participation (Castells 2009). This chapter is a comparative study of how and why people get involved in different offline and online participatory environments in the United States and Spain. Researchers have differentiated forms of participation in digital milieus according to their architectures, which enable more or less participation (Jackson and Lilleker 2009; Chadwick 2009a; Chapter 2). Digital environments contain varied structures for communicative interaction. Although web 1.0 involves a fixed content transmitted from a sender to a receiver, web 2.0 is distinguished by the role the receiver plays in the co-production of content. That is, web 1.0 is characterized by closed architecture (Lessig 2006), whereas web 2.0 is widely regarded as having a participatory architecture (O’Reilly 2007). In addition, researchers have developed theories connecting participation with resources such as experience, time, money, and civic skills (Verba, Schlozman, and Brady 1995). Modes of participation have been further distinguished by the attitudinal factors that motivate certain forms of participation but not others (Dalton 2008; Marsh, O’Toole, and Jones 2007). From a comparative perspective, research indicates the existence of differences in the categories of individuals and of attitudes motivating different forms of participation across systems (Dalton 2008). This chapter seeks to contribute to this line of research by examining the role the political context plays in shaping the forms of participation and the resources and attitudinal motivations behind them. We expect macro-level differences between the United States and Spain in political communication structures to have an impact on micro-level participatory practices in the two countries Online political participation in the United States and Spain | Request PDF. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/297445358_Online_political_participation_in_the_United_States_and_Spain [accessed Feb 08 2018].

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    SN - 9781107668492

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    Jensen M, Anduiza E. Online Political Participation in the United States and Spain. In Anduiza E, Jensen MJ, Jorba L, editors, Digital Media and Political Engagement Worldwide. UK: Cambridge University Press. 2012. p. 80-102