Operationalizing National Preferences on Europe and Differentiated Integration

Benjamin LERUTH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The existing literature on party and government preferences on Europe mostly focuses on the integration process as a whole. In addition, studies of party-based Euroscepticism tend to offer competing typologies that present some terminological problems. With the increase in differentiation and the potential for disintegration, it is now important to deconstruct support for European integration per policy area. Accordingly, the main purpose of this contribution is to solve problems of existing conceptualizations of e´lite-based Euroscepticism by presenting a specific operationalization of support for European integration. Based on a qualitative analysis of party documents and e´lite interviews, such operationalization focuses on policies and policy areas where differentiation takes place, using a scale ranging from full opposition to full support for integration and taking into account internal divisions. This operationalization is then applied to three Nordic countries that have experienced different levels of (differentiated) integration since the early 1990s: Finland; Sweden; and Norway. The contribution concludes that whereas existing categorizations of Euroscepticism are useful to broadly understand e´lite preferences, operationalizing support for European integration per policy area where differentiation takes place can help understand the mainstreaming of Euroscepticism and offers a more accurate way of understanding new situations where parties supporting and opposing participation in European Union policies co-exist in coalition governments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-835
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of European Public Policy
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

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policy area
operationalization
European integration
elite
integration policy
European Policy
Finland
Norway
qualitative analysis
coalition
Sweden
typology
opposition
European Union
participation
policy
Europe
interview
euroscepticism
literature

Cite this

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title = "Operationalizing National Preferences on Europe and Differentiated Integration",
abstract = "The existing literature on party and government preferences on Europe mostly focuses on the integration process as a whole. In addition, studies of party-based Euroscepticism tend to offer competing typologies that present some terminological problems. With the increase in differentiation and the potential for disintegration, it is now important to deconstruct support for European integration per policy area. Accordingly, the main purpose of this contribution is to solve problems of existing conceptualizations of e´lite-based Euroscepticism by presenting a specific operationalization of support for European integration. Based on a qualitative analysis of party documents and e´lite interviews, such operationalization focuses on policies and policy areas where differentiation takes place, using a scale ranging from full opposition to full support for integration and taking into account internal divisions. This operationalization is then applied to three Nordic countries that have experienced different levels of (differentiated) integration since the early 1990s: Finland; Sweden; and Norway. The contribution concludes that whereas existing categorizations of Euroscepticism are useful to broadly understand e´lite preferences, operationalizing support for European integration per policy area where differentiation takes place can help understand the mainstreaming of Euroscepticism and offers a more accurate way of understanding new situations where parties supporting and opposing participation in European Union policies co-exist in coalition governments.",
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Operationalizing National Preferences on Europe and Differentiated Integration. / LERUTH, Benjamin.

In: Journal of European Public Policy, Vol. 22, No. 6, 2015, p. 816-835.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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