Party-based Euroscepticism in the Nordic region: Ever more 'reluctant Europeans'?

Benjamin Leruth

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapterpeer-review


The Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Sweden and Norway) have a well-established ‘love–hate relationship’ with the European Union (EU). Even though they constituted ‘a linguistic, cultural, economic, social, and political-ideological area, of considerable homogeneity’ (Andrén 1967: 8–9), each of them changed its relations and relationships with the EU institutions at a different pace and level, often displaying high levels of public opposition. Miljan (1977) famously nicknamed the Nordic countries ‘reluctant Europeans’, a notion also used by Gstöhl (2002) in her study of Norway, Sweden and Switzerland's relationship with the EU.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781315464008
ISBN (Print)9781315464015
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2017


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