Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study

Jacqueline Kerr, Jennifer A Emond, Hannah Badland, Rodrigo S. Reis, Olga L. Sarmiento, Jordan A Carlson, James F. Sallis, Ester Cerin, Kelli L. Cain, Terry Conway, Grant Schofield, Duncan J. MacFarlane, Lars Breum Christiansen, Delfien Van Dyck, Rachel DAVEY, Ines Aguinaga-Ontoso, Deborah Salvo, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen, Josef Mitáš & 1 others Loki Natarajan

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Abstract

Introduction: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low and varies greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore, it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built-environment interventions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults’ neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments. Methods: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-reported data were taken from 13,745 adults (18–65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored. Results: Walking-for-transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix–access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix–access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport. Conclusions: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however, highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-298
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume124
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Kerr, Jacqueline ; Emond, Jennifer A ; Badland, Hannah ; Reis, Rodrigo S. ; Sarmiento, Olga L. ; Carlson, Jordan A ; Sallis, James F. ; Cerin, Ester ; Cain, Kelli L. ; Conway, Terry ; Schofield, Grant ; MacFarlane, Duncan J. ; Christiansen, Lars Breum ; Van Dyck, Delfien ; DAVEY, Rachel ; Aguinaga-Ontoso, Ines ; Salvo, Deborah ; Sugiyama, Takemi ; Owen, Neville ; Mitáš, Josef ; Natarajan, Loki. / Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2016 ; Vol. 124, No. 3. pp. 290-298.
@article{773d3279cb484ac7965c82fa3ae8c403,
title = "Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study",
abstract = "Introduction: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low and varies greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore, it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built-environment interventions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults’ neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments. Methods: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-reported data were taken from 13,745 adults (18–65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored. Results: Walking-for-transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix–access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix–access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport. Conclusions: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however, highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Bicycling, Cities, Environment Design, Esthetics, Humans, Middle Aged, Residence Characteristics/classification, Safety, Surveys and Questionnaires, Transportation, Walking",
author = "Jacqueline Kerr and Emond, {Jennifer A} and Hannah Badland and Reis, {Rodrigo S.} and Sarmiento, {Olga L.} and Carlson, {Jordan A} and Sallis, {James F.} and Ester Cerin and Cain, {Kelli L.} and Terry Conway and Grant Schofield and MacFarlane, {Duncan J.} and Christiansen, {Lars Breum} and {Van Dyck}, Delfien and Rachel DAVEY and Ines Aguinaga-Ontoso and Deborah Salvo and Takemi Sugiyama and Neville Owen and Josef Mit{\'a}š and Loki Natarajan",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1289/ehp.1409466",
language = "English",
volume = "124",
pages = "290--298",
journal = "EHP Toxicogenomics",
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Kerr, J, Emond, JA, Badland, H, Reis, RS, Sarmiento, OL, Carlson, JA, Sallis, JF, Cerin, E, Cain, KL, Conway, T, Schofield, G, MacFarlane, DJ, Christiansen, LB, Van Dyck, D, DAVEY, R, Aguinaga-Ontoso, I, Salvo, D, Sugiyama, T, Owen, N, Mitáš, J & Natarajan, L 2016, 'Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 124, no. 3, pp. 290-298. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409466

Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study. / Kerr, Jacqueline; Emond, Jennifer A; Badland, Hannah; Reis, Rodrigo S.; Sarmiento, Olga L.; Carlson, Jordan A; Sallis, James F.; Cerin, Ester; Cain, Kelli L.; Conway, Terry; Schofield, Grant; MacFarlane, Duncan J.; Christiansen, Lars Breum; Van Dyck, Delfien; DAVEY, Rachel; Aguinaga-Ontoso, Ines; Salvo, Deborah; Sugiyama, Takemi; Owen, Neville; Mitáš, Josef; Natarajan, Loki.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 124, No. 3, 2016, p. 290-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with walking and cycling for transport among adult residents of 17 cities in 12 countries: The IPEN study

AU - Kerr, Jacqueline

AU - Emond, Jennifer A

AU - Badland, Hannah

AU - Reis, Rodrigo S.

AU - Sarmiento, Olga L.

AU - Carlson, Jordan A

AU - Sallis, James F.

AU - Cerin, Ester

AU - Cain, Kelli L.

AU - Conway, Terry

AU - Schofield, Grant

AU - MacFarlane, Duncan J.

AU - Christiansen, Lars Breum

AU - Van Dyck, Delfien

AU - DAVEY, Rachel

AU - Aguinaga-Ontoso, Ines

AU - Salvo, Deborah

AU - Sugiyama, Takemi

AU - Owen, Neville

AU - Mitáš, Josef

AU - Natarajan, Loki

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Introduction: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low and varies greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore, it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built-environment interventions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults’ neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments. Methods: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-reported data were taken from 13,745 adults (18–65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored. Results: Walking-for-transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix–access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix–access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport. Conclusions: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however, highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.

AB - Introduction: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low and varies greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore, it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built-environment interventions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults’ neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments. Methods: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-reported data were taken from 13,745 adults (18–65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored. Results: Walking-for-transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix–access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix–access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport. Conclusions: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however, highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Bicycling

KW - Cities

KW - Environment Design

KW - Esthetics

KW - Humans

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Residence Characteristics/classification

KW - Safety

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Transportation

KW - Walking

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UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/supplemental-materialperceived-neighborhood-environmental-attributes

U2 - 10.1289/ehp.1409466

DO - 10.1289/ehp.1409466

M3 - Article

VL - 124

SP - 290

EP - 298

JO - EHP Toxicogenomics

JF - EHP Toxicogenomics

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 3

ER -