Perceptions and use of recovery strategies: Do swimmers and coaches believe they are effective?

Stephanie J. Shell, Katie Slattery, Brad Clark, James R. Broatch, Shona Halson, Michael Kellmann, Aaron J. Coutts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to investigate swimmer’s use and coach prescription of recovery strategies during training and competition while examining perceived challenges, barriers, and beliefs in the importance of their effectiveness. A mixed-methods sequential explanatory design was implemented. Thirty-seven male and 45 female sub-elite to elite swimmers (age 18 ± 3 y), and 4 male and 6 female coaches (age 40 ± 9 y) completed an online, 78-item recovery strategy survey. Swimmers and coaches responded to questions regarding when, why, and how they used recovery strategies, perceived challenges and barriers to strategy inclusion during training and competition. Data were coded and analysed thematically. Fisher’s Exact Test was conducted on 5-point Likert scale responses. Most recovery strategies were used and prescribed more during competition. Swimmers reported active recovery as the most effective recovery strategy (44%), whereas coaches rated sleep or napping (40%). Swimmers and coaches perceived most recovery strategies to be more effective and important during competition than in training. Swimmers used, and coaches prescribed, recovery strategies more during the competition, highlighting the discrepancies in use between training and competition. Targeted education programmes should enhance athletes and coach’s recovery knowledge and practical application of strategies, while accounting for individual sport and life demands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2092-2099
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 16 Sept 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'Perceptions and use of recovery strategies: Do swimmers and coaches believe they are effective?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this