Personal and neighborhood resources, future time perspective, and social relations in middle and older adulthood

Tim D. Windsor, Katherine L. Fiori, Dimity A. Crisp

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. Aging-related changes in motivation and the availability of resources have been hypothesized to result in social network changes in later life. However, few studies have examined associations of both motivation and resources with different aspects of social network composition in the same analytical context. The present study examined associations of key motivational (future time perspective [FTP]) and resource variables (partner status, physical health, and perceived neighborhood cohesion) with social network size and positive and negative social exchanges. Method. A population-based sample of midlife (aged 55-59 years, n = 169) young-old (aged 60-74 years, n = 306) and old-old (aged 75+ years, n = 77) adults completed a questionnaire. Results. Those who were partnered reported larger networks with family, whereas never-married individuals reported larger networks with neighbors. Perceived neighborhood cohesion was related to larger networks with family, neighbors, and friends. Open-ended FTP was associated with larger networks of friends and more frequent positive social exchanges. Discussion. Our results point to FTP and resources having different implications for social engagement across network domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-431
Number of pages9
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume67 B
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Support
Social Relations
adulthood
Motivation
social network
resources
group cohesion
Health Status
Population
time
questionnaire
health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

@article{2404e5f494ce4c6c94ded3036f3b9efc,
title = "Personal and neighborhood resources, future time perspective, and social relations in middle and older adulthood",
abstract = "Objectives. Aging-related changes in motivation and the availability of resources have been hypothesized to result in social network changes in later life. However, few studies have examined associations of both motivation and resources with different aspects of social network composition in the same analytical context. The present study examined associations of key motivational (future time perspective [FTP]) and resource variables (partner status, physical health, and perceived neighborhood cohesion) with social network size and positive and negative social exchanges. Method. A population-based sample of midlife (aged 55-59 years, n = 169) young-old (aged 60-74 years, n = 306) and old-old (aged 75+ years, n = 77) adults completed a questionnaire. Results. Those who were partnered reported larger networks with family, whereas never-married individuals reported larger networks with neighbors. Perceived neighborhood cohesion was related to larger networks with family, neighbors, and friends. Open-ended FTP was associated with larger networks of friends and more frequent positive social exchanges. Discussion. Our results point to FTP and resources having different implications for social engagement across network domains.",
keywords = "Future time perspective, Negative exchanges, Positive exchanges, Resources, Social relations",
author = "Windsor, {Tim D.} and Fiori, {Katherine L.} and Crisp, {Dimity A.}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/geronb/gbr117",
language = "English",
volume = "67 B",
pages = "423--431",
journal = "Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences",
issn = "1079-5014",
publisher = "Gerontological Society of America",
number = "4",

}

Personal and neighborhood resources, future time perspective, and social relations in middle and older adulthood. / Windsor, Tim D.; Fiori, Katherine L.; Crisp, Dimity A.

In: Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Vol. 67 B, No. 4, 01.01.2012, p. 423-431.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personal and neighborhood resources, future time perspective, and social relations in middle and older adulthood

AU - Windsor, Tim D.

AU - Fiori, Katherine L.

AU - Crisp, Dimity A.

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Objectives. Aging-related changes in motivation and the availability of resources have been hypothesized to result in social network changes in later life. However, few studies have examined associations of both motivation and resources with different aspects of social network composition in the same analytical context. The present study examined associations of key motivational (future time perspective [FTP]) and resource variables (partner status, physical health, and perceived neighborhood cohesion) with social network size and positive and negative social exchanges. Method. A population-based sample of midlife (aged 55-59 years, n = 169) young-old (aged 60-74 years, n = 306) and old-old (aged 75+ years, n = 77) adults completed a questionnaire. Results. Those who were partnered reported larger networks with family, whereas never-married individuals reported larger networks with neighbors. Perceived neighborhood cohesion was related to larger networks with family, neighbors, and friends. Open-ended FTP was associated with larger networks of friends and more frequent positive social exchanges. Discussion. Our results point to FTP and resources having different implications for social engagement across network domains.

AB - Objectives. Aging-related changes in motivation and the availability of resources have been hypothesized to result in social network changes in later life. However, few studies have examined associations of both motivation and resources with different aspects of social network composition in the same analytical context. The present study examined associations of key motivational (future time perspective [FTP]) and resource variables (partner status, physical health, and perceived neighborhood cohesion) with social network size and positive and negative social exchanges. Method. A population-based sample of midlife (aged 55-59 years, n = 169) young-old (aged 60-74 years, n = 306) and old-old (aged 75+ years, n = 77) adults completed a questionnaire. Results. Those who were partnered reported larger networks with family, whereas never-married individuals reported larger networks with neighbors. Perceived neighborhood cohesion was related to larger networks with family, neighbors, and friends. Open-ended FTP was associated with larger networks of friends and more frequent positive social exchanges. Discussion. Our results point to FTP and resources having different implications for social engagement across network domains.

KW - Future time perspective

KW - Negative exchanges

KW - Positive exchanges

KW - Resources

KW - Social relations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863323349&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/geronb/gbr117

DO - 10.1093/geronb/gbr117

M3 - Review article

VL - 67 B

SP - 423

EP - 431

JO - Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

JF - Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

SN - 1079-5014

IS - 4

ER -