Carbapenems are recommended for the treatment of urosepsis caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing, multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli; however, due to selection of carbapenem resistance, there is an increasing interest in alternative treatment regimens including the use of β-lactam-aminoglycoside combinations. We compared the pharmacodynamic activity of piperacillin-tazobactam and amikacin as mono and combination therapy versus meropenem monotherapy against extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing, piperacillin-tazobactam resistant E. coli using a dynamic hollow fiber infection model (HFIM) over 7 days. Broth-microdilution was performed to determine the MIC of E. coli isolates. Whole genome sequencing was conducted. Four E. coli isolates were tested in HFIM with an initial inoculum of ~107 CFU/mL. Dosing regimens tested were piperacillin-tazobactam 4.5 g, 6-hourly, plus amikacin 30 mg/kg, 24-hourly, as combination therapy, and piperacillin-tazobactam 4.5 g, 6-hourly, amikacin 30 mg/kg, 24-hourly, and meropenem 1 g, 8-hourly, each as monotherapy. We observed that piperacillin-tazobactam and amikacin monotherapy demonstrated initial rapid bacterial killing but then led to amplification of resistant subpopulations. The piperacillin-tazobactam/amikacin combination and meropenem experiments both attained a rapid bacterial killing (~4-5 log10) within 24 h and did not result in any emergence of resistant subpopulations. Genome sequencing demonstrated that all ESBL-producing E. coli clinical isolates carried multiple antibiotic resistance genes including blaCTX-M-15, blaOXA-1, blaEC, blaTEM-1, and aac(6′)-Ib-cr. These results suggest that the combination of piperacillin-tazobactam/amikacin may have a potential role as a carbapenem-sparing regimen, which should be tested in future urosepsis clinical trials.