Philippine Elections 2022: the New Normative Order

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


For decades, Philippine politics was organized around a normative order that prized democracy over authoritarian rule. A normative order, as it is commonly used in sociology, refers to the shared beliefs about what people can and cannot do in public life. People who transgress the normative order are stigmatized for poor behaviour or even punished for disrupting social order. In politics, a normative order dictates the nation's values and aspirations. It distinguishes good from bad politicians. It draws a line between virtuous citizens and the vile.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-381
Number of pages7
JournalContemporary Southeast Asia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Philippine Elections 2022: the New Normative Order'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this