Photoreceptor survival is regulated by GSTO1-1 in the degenerating retina

Nilisha Fernando, Yvette Wooff, Riemke Aggio-Bruce, Joshua A. Chu-Tan, Haihan Jiao, Catherine Dietrich, Matt Rutar, Melissa Rooke, Deepthi Menon, Janis T. Eells, Krisztina Valter, Philip G. Board, Jan Provis, Riccardo Natoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE. Glutathione-S-transferase omega 1-1 (GSTO1-1) is a cytosolic glutathione transferase enzyme, involved in glutathionylation, toll-like receptor signaling, and calcium channel regulation. GSTO1-1 dysregulation has been implicated in oxidative stress and inflammation, and contributes to the pathogenesis of several diseases and neurological disorders; however, its role in retinal degenerations is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of GSTO1-1 in modulating oxidative stress and consequent inflammation in the normal and degenerating retina. METHODS. The role of GSTO1-1 in retinal degenerations was explored by using Gsto1 / mice in a model of retinal degeneration. The expression and localization of GSTO1-1 were investigated with immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Changes in the expression of inflammatory (Ccl2, Il-1β, and C3) and oxidative stress (Nox1, Sod2, Gpx3, Hmox1, Nrf2, and Nqo1) genes were investigated via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Retinal function in Gsto1 / mice was investigated by using electroretinography. RESULTS. GSTO1-1 was localized to the inner segment of cone photoreceptors in the retina. Gsto1 / photo-oxidative damage (PD) mice had decreased photoreceptor cell death as well as decreased expression of inflammatory (Ccl2, Il-1β, and C3) markers and oxidative stress marker Nqo1. Further, retinal function in the Gsto1 / PD mice was increased as compared to wild-type PD mice. CONCLUSIONS. These results indicate that GSTO1-1 is required for inflammatory-mediated photoreceptor death in retinal degenerations. Targeting GSTO1-1 may be a useful strategy to reduce oxidative stress and inflammation and ameliorate photoreceptor loss, slowing the progression of retinal degenerations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4362-4374
Number of pages13
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

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