Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia

Brent Mishler, Nunzio Knerr, Carlos GONZALEZ-OROZCO, Andrew Thornhill, Shawn Laffan, Joseph Miller

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    89 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Understanding spatial patterns of biodiversity is critical for conservation planning, particularly given rapid habitat loss and human-induced climatic change. Diversity and endemism are typically assessed by comparing species ranges across regions. However, investigation of patterns of species diversity alone misses out on the full richness of patterns that can be inferred using a phylogenetic approach. Here, using Australian Acacia as an example, we show that the application of phylogenetic methods, particularly two new measures, relative phylogenetic diversity and relative phylogenetic endemism, greatly enhances our knowledge of biodiversity across both space and time. We found that areas of high species richness and species endemism are not necessarily areas of high phylogenetic diversity or phylogenetic endemism. We propose a new method called categorical analysis of neo- and paleoendemism (CANAPE) that allows, for the first time, a clear, quantitative distinction between centres of neo- and paleo-endemism, useful to the conservation decision-making process.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    Number of pages10
    JournalNature Communications
    Volume5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    biological diversity
    Acacia
    Biodiversity
    conservation
    Conservation
    Ecosystem
    Decision Making
    habitats
    decision making
    planning
    Decision making
    Planning

    Cite this

    Mishler, B., Knerr, N., GONZALEZ-OROZCO, C., Thornhill, A., Laffan, S., & Miller, J. (2014). Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia. Nature Communications, 5, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5473
    Mishler, Brent ; Knerr, Nunzio ; GONZALEZ-OROZCO, Carlos ; Thornhill, Andrew ; Laffan, Shawn ; Miller, Joseph. / Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia. In: Nature Communications. 2014 ; Vol. 5. pp. 1-10.
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    Mishler, B, Knerr, N, GONZALEZ-OROZCO, C, Thornhill, A, Laffan, S & Miller, J 2014, 'Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia', Nature Communications, vol. 5, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5473

    Phylogenetic measures of biodiversity and neo- and paleo-endemism in Australian Acacia. / Mishler, Brent; Knerr, Nunzio; GONZALEZ-OROZCO, Carlos; Thornhill, Andrew; Laffan, Shawn; Miller, Joseph.

    In: Nature Communications, Vol. 5, 2014, p. 1-10.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Thornhill, Andrew

    AU - Laffan, Shawn

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