Politics of anxiety, politics of hope

Penal populism and duterte’s rise to power

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Citizens who support populist leaders are often portrayed in negative terms. They are disparaged for their prejudice and naiveté, some even earning the label “basket of deplorables” from Hillary Clinton. Rodrigo Duterte’s supporters were not exempted from such criticism. In the 2016 Philippine presidential race, they were pejoratively labelled Dutertards, which pathologised their fervent and unrelenting support for the controversial candidate. This article interrogates such depictions by examining the logics that underpin Duterte’s strong public support. I argue that part of Duterte’s appeal hinges on “penal populism,” built on two political logics that reinforce each other: the politics of anxiety and the politics of hope. While the former foregrounds the language of crisis, danger and uncertainty, the latter reclaims democratic agency. The article examines the articulations of these logics among Duterte’s supporters based on ethnographic fieldwork in disaster-affected communities where Duterte enjoyed decisive victories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-109
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs
Volume35
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

populism
anxiety
politics
public support
prejudice
Philippines
appeal
disaster
criticism
candidacy
uncertainty
leader
citizen
language
community

Cite this

@article{89ec54362b784305a132bf477fb85e4c,
title = "Politics of anxiety, politics of hope: Penal populism and duterte’s rise to power",
abstract = "Citizens who support populist leaders are often portrayed in negative terms. They are disparaged for their prejudice and naivet{\'e}, some even earning the label “basket of deplorables” from Hillary Clinton. Rodrigo Duterte’s supporters were not exempted from such criticism. In the 2016 Philippine presidential race, they were pejoratively labelled Dutertards, which pathologised their fervent and unrelenting support for the controversial candidate. This article interrogates such depictions by examining the logics that underpin Duterte’s strong public support. I argue that part of Duterte’s appeal hinges on “penal populism,” built on two political logics that reinforce each other: the politics of anxiety and the politics of hope. While the former foregrounds the language of crisis, danger and uncertainty, the latter reclaims democratic agency. The article examines the articulations of these logics among Duterte’s supporters based on ethnographic fieldwork in disaster-affected communities where Duterte enjoyed decisive victories.",
keywords = "Elections, Philippine politics, Philippines, Populism, Public sphere, Rodrigo Duterte",
author = "Nicole Curato",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "91--109",
journal = "Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs",
issn = "1868-1034",
publisher = "Institut fur Asienkunde",
number = "3",

}

Politics of anxiety, politics of hope : Penal populism and duterte’s rise to power. / Curato, Nicole.

In: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, Vol. 35, No. 3, 2016, p. 91-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Politics of anxiety, politics of hope

T2 - Penal populism and duterte’s rise to power

AU - Curato, Nicole

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Citizens who support populist leaders are often portrayed in negative terms. They are disparaged for their prejudice and naiveté, some even earning the label “basket of deplorables” from Hillary Clinton. Rodrigo Duterte’s supporters were not exempted from such criticism. In the 2016 Philippine presidential race, they were pejoratively labelled Dutertards, which pathologised their fervent and unrelenting support for the controversial candidate. This article interrogates such depictions by examining the logics that underpin Duterte’s strong public support. I argue that part of Duterte’s appeal hinges on “penal populism,” built on two political logics that reinforce each other: the politics of anxiety and the politics of hope. While the former foregrounds the language of crisis, danger and uncertainty, the latter reclaims democratic agency. The article examines the articulations of these logics among Duterte’s supporters based on ethnographic fieldwork in disaster-affected communities where Duterte enjoyed decisive victories.

AB - Citizens who support populist leaders are often portrayed in negative terms. They are disparaged for their prejudice and naiveté, some even earning the label “basket of deplorables” from Hillary Clinton. Rodrigo Duterte’s supporters were not exempted from such criticism. In the 2016 Philippine presidential race, they were pejoratively labelled Dutertards, which pathologised their fervent and unrelenting support for the controversial candidate. This article interrogates such depictions by examining the logics that underpin Duterte’s strong public support. I argue that part of Duterte’s appeal hinges on “penal populism,” built on two political logics that reinforce each other: the politics of anxiety and the politics of hope. While the former foregrounds the language of crisis, danger and uncertainty, the latter reclaims democratic agency. The article examines the articulations of these logics among Duterte’s supporters based on ethnographic fieldwork in disaster-affected communities where Duterte enjoyed decisive victories.

KW - Elections

KW - Philippine politics

KW - Philippines

KW - Populism

KW - Public sphere

KW - Rodrigo Duterte

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011049840&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 91

EP - 109

JO - Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs

JF - Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs

SN - 1868-1034

IS - 3

ER -