Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective

Ann Harding, Justine McNamara, Robert Tanton, Anne Daly, Mandy Yap

    Research output: Contribution to conference (non-published works)Paper

    Abstract

    Much research about child poverty and disadvantage provides national estimates of child wellbeing, due to the ready availability of microdata at the national level. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that there can be major differences in well-being between children living in different geographic areas. In addition, much recent debate has focussed on moving beyond income poverty to broader measures of social exclusion. This paper describes results from an innovative use of the 2001 Australian census microdata, in which tables were commissioned from the Australian Bureau of Statistics which focussed on well-being and disadvantage from the child’s perspective. Using this data, a composite index of child social exclusion risk at a small area level was constructed and then regional differences in risk analysed. The paper also analyses the specific indicators of social exclusion which form the index. Substantial differences in child social exclusion, and in specific characteristics related to social exclusion, are found across local areas. The extent of correlation between a more traditional income-based measure of economic wellbeing and the composite index is also examined.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages32
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    Event29th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth - Joensuu, Finland
    Duration: 20 Aug 200626 Aug 2006

    Conference

    Conference29th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth
    CountryFinland
    CityJoensuu
    Period20/08/0626/08/06

    Fingerprint

    exclusion
    poverty
    income
    child well-being
    regional difference
    census
    well-being
    statistics
    evidence
    economics

    Cite this

    Harding, A., McNamara, J., Tanton, R., Daly, A., & Yap, M. (2006). Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective. Paper presented at 29th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Joensuu, Finland.
    Harding, Ann ; McNamara, Justine ; Tanton, Robert ; Daly, Anne ; Yap, Mandy. / Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective. Paper presented at 29th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Joensuu, Finland.32 p.
    @conference{6e11d6cb118a4863b681116441f56244,
    title = "Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective",
    abstract = "Much research about child poverty and disadvantage provides national estimates of child wellbeing, due to the ready availability of microdata at the national level. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that there can be major differences in well-being between children living in different geographic areas. In addition, much recent debate has focussed on moving beyond income poverty to broader measures of social exclusion. This paper describes results from an innovative use of the 2001 Australian census microdata, in which tables were commissioned from the Australian Bureau of Statistics which focussed on well-being and disadvantage from the child’s perspective. Using this data, a composite index of child social exclusion risk at a small area level was constructed and then regional differences in risk analysed. The paper also analyses the specific indicators of social exclusion which form the index. Substantial differences in child social exclusion, and in specific characteristics related to social exclusion, are found across local areas. The extent of correlation between a more traditional income-based measure of economic wellbeing and the composite index is also examined.",
    author = "Ann Harding and Justine McNamara and Robert Tanton and Anne Daly and Mandy Yap",
    year = "2006",
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    Harding, A, McNamara, J, Tanton, R, Daly, A & Yap, M 2006, 'Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective' Paper presented at 29th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Joensuu, Finland, 20/08/06 - 26/08/06, .

    Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective. / Harding, Ann; McNamara, Justine; Tanton, Robert; Daly, Anne; Yap, Mandy.

    2006. Paper presented at 29th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Joensuu, Finland.

    Research output: Contribution to conference (non-published works)Paper

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective

    AU - Harding, Ann

    AU - McNamara, Justine

    AU - Tanton, Robert

    AU - Daly, Anne

    AU - Yap, Mandy

    PY - 2006

    Y1 - 2006

    N2 - Much research about child poverty and disadvantage provides national estimates of child wellbeing, due to the ready availability of microdata at the national level. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that there can be major differences in well-being between children living in different geographic areas. In addition, much recent debate has focussed on moving beyond income poverty to broader measures of social exclusion. This paper describes results from an innovative use of the 2001 Australian census microdata, in which tables were commissioned from the Australian Bureau of Statistics which focussed on well-being and disadvantage from the child’s perspective. Using this data, a composite index of child social exclusion risk at a small area level was constructed and then regional differences in risk analysed. The paper also analyses the specific indicators of social exclusion which form the index. Substantial differences in child social exclusion, and in specific characteristics related to social exclusion, are found across local areas. The extent of correlation between a more traditional income-based measure of economic wellbeing and the composite index is also examined.

    AB - Much research about child poverty and disadvantage provides national estimates of child wellbeing, due to the ready availability of microdata at the national level. However, an increasing body of evidence suggests that there can be major differences in well-being between children living in different geographic areas. In addition, much recent debate has focussed on moving beyond income poverty to broader measures of social exclusion. This paper describes results from an innovative use of the 2001 Australian census microdata, in which tables were commissioned from the Australian Bureau of Statistics which focussed on well-being and disadvantage from the child’s perspective. Using this data, a composite index of child social exclusion risk at a small area level was constructed and then regional differences in risk analysed. The paper also analyses the specific indicators of social exclusion which form the index. Substantial differences in child social exclusion, and in specific characteristics related to social exclusion, are found across local areas. The extent of correlation between a more traditional income-based measure of economic wellbeing and the composite index is also examined.

    M3 - Paper

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    Harding A, McNamara J, Tanton R, Daly A, Yap M. Poverty and Disadvantage Among Australian Children: a Spatial Perspective. 2006. Paper presented at 29th General Conference of The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Joensuu, Finland.