Practice and Attitudes of Donor Coordinator Roles Regarding Physical Examination of Potential Organ and Tissue Donors in Australia

Justine A.C. Holloway, Kristen Ranse, Kasia Bail, Maggie Jamieson, Frank Van Haren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Physical examination of potential organ and tissue donors is standard practice to mitigate risks and optimize outcomes for transplant recipients, but the content and process of the examination has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to determine current practice of performing a physical examination on potential organ and tissue donors in Australia.

Methods. An online cross-sectional survey was circulated to all Australian Donor Coordinators (n = 125).

Results. There were 75 responses (60% response rate) to the online survey. Respondents perform a mean 10.5 physical examinations per year. Inconsistencies were observed in the approach to the physical examination, inclusive of assessment techniques used to perform the examination such as palpation. Specific staff training and education to perform the examination was reportedly provided to 77% of respondents. There was less variation reported in examination findings classified as higher risk and escalation procedures with the 3 most common findings of injection sites / track marks (86%), suspicious moles (77%), and unexplained scarring (51%), and with 97% seeking a second opinion. Current and previously removed melanomas were the main examination findings that stopped a donation from proceeding, as reported to have occurred by 18 respondents.

Conclusions. This study has identified variations in current physical examination practice and provided the evidence to pursue practice improvement. The inconsistencies can be partly attributed to discrepancies in training and education of staff and no standardized national guidelines to clearly outline expected practice
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere471
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalTransplantation Direct
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

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Physical Examination
Tissue Donors
Education
Palpation
Cicatrix
Melanoma
Referral and Consultation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Guidelines
Injections
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

Holloway, Justine A.C. ; Ranse, Kristen ; Bail, Kasia ; Jamieson, Maggie ; Van Haren, Frank. / Practice and Attitudes of Donor Coordinator Roles Regarding Physical Examination of Potential Organ and Tissue Donors in Australia. In: Transplantation Direct. 2019 ; Vol. 5, No. 8. pp. 1-8.
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abstract = "Background. Physical examination of potential organ and tissue donors is standard practice to mitigate risks and optimize outcomes for transplant recipients, but the content and process of the examination has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to determine current practice of performing a physical examination on potential organ and tissue donors in Australia.Methods. An online cross-sectional survey was circulated to all Australian Donor Coordinators (n = 125).Results. There were 75 responses (60{\%} response rate) to the online survey. Respondents perform a mean 10.5 physical examinations per year. Inconsistencies were observed in the approach to the physical examination, inclusive of assessment techniques used to perform the examination such as palpation. Specific staff training and education to perform the examination was reportedly provided to 77{\%} of respondents. There was less variation reported in examination findings classified as higher risk and escalation procedures with the 3 most common findings of injection sites / track marks (86{\%}), suspicious moles (77{\%}), and unexplained scarring (51{\%}), and with 97{\%} seeking a second opinion. Current and previously removed melanomas were the main examination findings that stopped a donation from proceeding, as reported to have occurred by 18 respondents.Conclusions. This study has identified variations in current physical examination practice and provided the evidence to pursue practice improvement. The inconsistencies can be partly attributed to discrepancies in training and education of staff and no standardized national guidelines to clearly outline expected practice",
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Practice and Attitudes of Donor Coordinator Roles Regarding Physical Examination of Potential Organ and Tissue Donors in Australia. / Holloway, Justine A.C.; Ranse, Kristen; Bail, Kasia; Jamieson, Maggie; Van Haren, Frank.

In: Transplantation Direct, Vol. 5, No. 8, e471, 08.2019, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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