This investigation explored pre-service teachers'mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and beliefs associated with mathematics education practices. An Exploratory Factor Analysis, conducted on a beliefs and attitudes questionnaire, produced three common attitude factors associatedwith (1) inquiry-based teaching; (2) howmathematics knowledge is acquired; and (3) the applicability of mathematics. These factors were used in subsequent multivariate analyses to determine whether teachers' mathematics competence influenced their personal mathematics viewpoints and perspectives. There was no difference between those students who had studied advanced and standard mathematics at school on the three belief and attitude measures, despite distinct differences in theirMCK. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Institute of Mathematics and its Applications. All rights reserved.