Predicting Neonatal Skin Injury: The First Step to Reducing Skin Injuries in Neonates

Margaret Broom, Ann Marie Dunk, Abdel Latif E Mohamed

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    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Skin injuries remain common in neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units. While predicting neonates at risk of skin injury may assist in reducing the incidence of injury, currently there is limited evidence on which tool may be superior. Methods: A prospective study was completed during November-December 2016 to evaluate the predictive value of the Skin Risk Assessment and Management Tool (SRAMT). Comparisons were made between SRAMT and Neonatal/Infant Braden-Q Scale (BQS) as well as staff’s capacity to predict a neonate’s risk of skin injury. Data collected included gestation, weight, day of assessment, injury types, causation, medical devices in situ and risk scores. Results: In total, 248 assessments were completed with 38% (93) recorded skin injuries. Median (interquartile range) gestation and weight at assessment were 36.7 (26.86-56.86) weeks and 2.44 (0.99-4.06) kg, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed the SRAMT had AUC (SE) of 0.94 (0.02) compared with 0.82 (0.03) for BQS (0.011, P <.001). The SRAMT and BQS had sensitivity of [(90.0 (80.5-95.9), 72.86 (60.9-82.8)] and specificity [(88.46 (81.7-93.4), 79.23 (71.2-85.8)], respectively. Conclusion: In this study, the SRAMT’s capacity to predict neonates at risk of injury was higher than the Neonatal BQS and staff. Predicting injuries remains complex and often multifactorial.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    Number of pages10
    JournalHealth Services Insights
    Volume12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

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