Predicting sickness during a 2-week soccer camp at 3600 m (ISA3600)

Martin Buchheit, Ben M. Simpson, Walter F. Schmidt, Robert J. Aughey, Rudy Soria, Robert A. Hunt, Laura GARVICAN, David PYNE, Christopher Gore, Pitre C. Bourdon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To examine the time course of changes in wellness and health status markers before and after episodes of sickness in young soccer players during a high-altitude training camp (La Paz, 3600 m). Methods Wellness and fatigue were assessed daily on awakening using specifically-designed questionnaires and resting measures of heart rate and heart rate variability. The rating of perceived exertion and heart rate responses to a submaximal run (9 km/h) were also collected during each training session. Players who missed the morning screening for at least two consecutive days were considered as sick. Results Four players met the inclusion criteria. With the exception of submaximal exercise heart rate, which showed an almost certain and large increase before the day of sickness (4%; 90% confidence interval 3 to 6), there was no clear change in any of the other psychometric or physiological variables. There was a very likely moderate increase (79%, 22 to 64) in self-reported training load the day before the heart rate increase in sick players (4 of the 4 players, 100%). In contrast, training load was likely and slightly decreased (−24%, −78 to −11) in players who also showed an increased heart rate but remained healthy. Conclusions A >4% increased heart rate during submaximal exercise in response to a moderate increase in perceived training load the previous day may be an indicator of sickness the next day. All other variables, that is, resting heart rate, heart rate variability and psychometric questionnaires may be less powerful at predicting sickness
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-127
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume47
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013

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Soccer
Heart Rate
Psychometrics
Health Status
Fatigue
Confidence Intervals

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Buchheit, M., Simpson, B. M., Schmidt, W. F., Aughey, R. J., Soria, R., Hunt, R. A., ... Bourdon, P. C. (2013). Predicting sickness during a 2-week soccer camp at 3600 m (ISA3600). British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(SUPPL. 1), 124-127. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092757
Buchheit, Martin ; Simpson, Ben M. ; Schmidt, Walter F. ; Aughey, Robert J. ; Soria, Rudy ; Hunt, Robert A. ; GARVICAN, Laura ; PYNE, David ; Gore, Christopher ; Bourdon, Pitre C. / Predicting sickness during a 2-week soccer camp at 3600 m (ISA3600). In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 47, No. SUPPL. 1. pp. 124-127.
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Buchheit, M, Simpson, BM, Schmidt, WF, Aughey, RJ, Soria, R, Hunt, RA, GARVICAN, L, PYNE, D, Gore, C & Bourdon, PC 2013, 'Predicting sickness during a 2-week soccer camp at 3600 m (ISA3600)', British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 47, no. SUPPL. 1, pp. 124-127. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092757

Predicting sickness during a 2-week soccer camp at 3600 m (ISA3600). / Buchheit, Martin; Simpson, Ben M.; Schmidt, Walter F.; Aughey, Robert J.; Soria, Rudy; Hunt, Robert A.; GARVICAN, Laura; PYNE, David; Gore, Christopher; Bourdon, Pitre C.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 47, No. SUPPL. 1, 01.12.2013, p. 124-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Buchheit, Martin

AU - Simpson, Ben M.

AU - Schmidt, Walter F.

AU - Aughey, Robert J.

AU - Soria, Rudy

AU - Hunt, Robert A.

AU - GARVICAN, Laura

AU - PYNE, David

AU - Gore, Christopher

AU - Bourdon, Pitre C.

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N2 - Objectives To examine the time course of changes in wellness and health status markers before and after episodes of sickness in young soccer players during a high-altitude training camp (La Paz, 3600 m). Methods Wellness and fatigue were assessed daily on awakening using specifically-designed questionnaires and resting measures of heart rate and heart rate variability. The rating of perceived exertion and heart rate responses to a submaximal run (9 km/h) were also collected during each training session. Players who missed the morning screening for at least two consecutive days were considered as sick. Results Four players met the inclusion criteria. With the exception of submaximal exercise heart rate, which showed an almost certain and large increase before the day of sickness (4%; 90% confidence interval 3 to 6), there was no clear change in any of the other psychometric or physiological variables. There was a very likely moderate increase (79%, 22 to 64) in self-reported training load the day before the heart rate increase in sick players (4 of the 4 players, 100%). In contrast, training load was likely and slightly decreased (−24%, −78 to −11) in players who also showed an increased heart rate but remained healthy. Conclusions A >4% increased heart rate during submaximal exercise in response to a moderate increase in perceived training load the previous day may be an indicator of sickness the next day. All other variables, that is, resting heart rate, heart rate variability and psychometric questionnaires may be less powerful at predicting sickness

AB - Objectives To examine the time course of changes in wellness and health status markers before and after episodes of sickness in young soccer players during a high-altitude training camp (La Paz, 3600 m). Methods Wellness and fatigue were assessed daily on awakening using specifically-designed questionnaires and resting measures of heart rate and heart rate variability. The rating of perceived exertion and heart rate responses to a submaximal run (9 km/h) were also collected during each training session. Players who missed the morning screening for at least two consecutive days were considered as sick. Results Four players met the inclusion criteria. With the exception of submaximal exercise heart rate, which showed an almost certain and large increase before the day of sickness (4%; 90% confidence interval 3 to 6), there was no clear change in any of the other psychometric or physiological variables. There was a very likely moderate increase (79%, 22 to 64) in self-reported training load the day before the heart rate increase in sick players (4 of the 4 players, 100%). In contrast, training load was likely and slightly decreased (−24%, −78 to −11) in players who also showed an increased heart rate but remained healthy. Conclusions A >4% increased heart rate during submaximal exercise in response to a moderate increase in perceived training load the previous day may be an indicator of sickness the next day. All other variables, that is, resting heart rate, heart rate variability and psychometric questionnaires may be less powerful at predicting sickness

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Buchheit M, Simpson BM, Schmidt WF, Aughey RJ, Soria R, Hunt RA et al. Predicting sickness during a 2-week soccer camp at 3600 m (ISA3600). British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2013 Dec 1;47(SUPPL. 1):124-127. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092757