Predictors of health-related quality of life in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in European primary care

Sabine Ludt, Michel Wensing, Joachim Szécsényi, Jan Van Lieshout, Justine Rochon, Tobias Freund, Stephen Campbell, Dominik Ose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background Cardiovascular risk management plays an important role in primary care. In patients at high risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) lifestyle and, where appropriate, medical interventions are recommended in guidelines. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in clinical practice. This study aimed to assess the HRQoL of this patient group and to investigate the impact of both patients' characteristics and practice quality scores on their assessments of HRQoL. Methods and Findings An observational study in 218 general practices from 8 European countries was conducted. 2142 patients at risk for CVD (33.5% female) with a mean age of 66.3 (SD 9.1) years completed a questionnaire including the EQ-5D instrument and provided data from medical record. Validated quality indicators of general practices were assessed using practice questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. A hierarchical multilevel analysis was performed to identify predictors of EQ-5D scores at patient and practice level. The mean EQ-5D score was 0.78 (SD 0.19). Female gender (r = −0.03, p<0.0016), age (r = −0.01, p = 0.0387) and lower educational level (r = −0.03, p<0.0001) were correlated negatively with EQ-5D scores. Clinically more important was the correlation of HRQoL with the frequency of practice contacts (r = −0.12, p<0.0001) and the number of uncontrolled risk factors (r = −0.01, p<0.0039). Medication adherence (r = 0.032, p<0.0001), and physical activity (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) were identified as positive predictors of HRQoL. The EUPROPEP-score category ‘organization’ (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) was positively related to EQ-5D scores, whereas other practice scores were not correlated to EQ-5D-scores. Conclusions In patients at risk for CVD, good medication adherence, regular physical activity, controlling of biomedical risk factor levels and patient-centered practice organization have been shown to be positively correlated to HRQoL and should therefore be targeted in interventions not only to reduce morbidity but also to sustain or even to ameliorate HRQoL
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPLoS One
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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quality of life
cardiovascular diseases
Primary Health Care
Cardiovascular Diseases
Quality of Life
Health
Medication Adherence
General Practice
physical activity
risk factors
questionnaires
Organizations
Exercise
Multilevel Analysis
risk management
Risk Management
educational status
observational studies
Risk management
lifestyle

Cite this

Ludt, S., Wensing, M., Szécsényi, J., Van Lieshout, J., Rochon, J., Freund, T., ... Ose, D. (2011). Predictors of health-related quality of life in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in European primary care. PLoS One, 6(12), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029334
Ludt, Sabine ; Wensing, Michel ; Szécsényi, Joachim ; Van Lieshout, Jan ; Rochon, Justine ; Freund, Tobias ; Campbell, Stephen ; Ose, Dominik. / Predictors of health-related quality of life in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in European primary care. In: PLoS One. 2011 ; Vol. 6, No. 12. pp. 1-9.
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abstract = "Background Cardiovascular risk management plays an important role in primary care. In patients at high risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) lifestyle and, where appropriate, medical interventions are recommended in guidelines. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in clinical practice. This study aimed to assess the HRQoL of this patient group and to investigate the impact of both patients' characteristics and practice quality scores on their assessments of HRQoL. Methods and Findings An observational study in 218 general practices from 8 European countries was conducted. 2142 patients at risk for CVD (33.5{\%} female) with a mean age of 66.3 (SD 9.1) years completed a questionnaire including the EQ-5D instrument and provided data from medical record. Validated quality indicators of general practices were assessed using practice questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. A hierarchical multilevel analysis was performed to identify predictors of EQ-5D scores at patient and practice level. The mean EQ-5D score was 0.78 (SD 0.19). Female gender (r = −0.03, p<0.0016), age (r = −0.01, p = 0.0387) and lower educational level (r = −0.03, p<0.0001) were correlated negatively with EQ-5D scores. Clinically more important was the correlation of HRQoL with the frequency of practice contacts (r = −0.12, p<0.0001) and the number of uncontrolled risk factors (r = −0.01, p<0.0039). Medication adherence (r = 0.032, p<0.0001), and physical activity (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) were identified as positive predictors of HRQoL. The EUPROPEP-score category ‘organization’ (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) was positively related to EQ-5D scores, whereas other practice scores were not correlated to EQ-5D-scores. Conclusions In patients at risk for CVD, good medication adherence, regular physical activity, controlling of biomedical risk factor levels and patient-centered practice organization have been shown to be positively correlated to HRQoL and should therefore be targeted in interventions not only to reduce morbidity but also to sustain or even to ameliorate HRQoL",
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Ludt, S, Wensing, M, Szécsényi, J, Van Lieshout, J, Rochon, J, Freund, T, Campbell, S & Ose, D 2011, 'Predictors of health-related quality of life in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in European primary care', PLoS One, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029334

Predictors of health-related quality of life in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in European primary care. / Ludt, Sabine; Wensing, Michel; Szécsényi, Joachim; Van Lieshout, Jan; Rochon, Justine; Freund, Tobias; Campbell, Stephen; Ose, Dominik.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 6, No. 12, 2011, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of health-related quality of life in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease in European primary care

AU - Ludt, Sabine

AU - Wensing, Michel

AU - Szécsényi, Joachim

AU - Van Lieshout, Jan

AU - Rochon, Justine

AU - Freund, Tobias

AU - Campbell, Stephen

AU - Ose, Dominik

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Background Cardiovascular risk management plays an important role in primary care. In patients at high risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) lifestyle and, where appropriate, medical interventions are recommended in guidelines. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in clinical practice. This study aimed to assess the HRQoL of this patient group and to investigate the impact of both patients' characteristics and practice quality scores on their assessments of HRQoL. Methods and Findings An observational study in 218 general practices from 8 European countries was conducted. 2142 patients at risk for CVD (33.5% female) with a mean age of 66.3 (SD 9.1) years completed a questionnaire including the EQ-5D instrument and provided data from medical record. Validated quality indicators of general practices were assessed using practice questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. A hierarchical multilevel analysis was performed to identify predictors of EQ-5D scores at patient and practice level. The mean EQ-5D score was 0.78 (SD 0.19). Female gender (r = −0.03, p<0.0016), age (r = −0.01, p = 0.0387) and lower educational level (r = −0.03, p<0.0001) were correlated negatively with EQ-5D scores. Clinically more important was the correlation of HRQoL with the frequency of practice contacts (r = −0.12, p<0.0001) and the number of uncontrolled risk factors (r = −0.01, p<0.0039). Medication adherence (r = 0.032, p<0.0001), and physical activity (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) were identified as positive predictors of HRQoL. The EUPROPEP-score category ‘organization’ (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) was positively related to EQ-5D scores, whereas other practice scores were not correlated to EQ-5D-scores. Conclusions In patients at risk for CVD, good medication adherence, regular physical activity, controlling of biomedical risk factor levels and patient-centered practice organization have been shown to be positively correlated to HRQoL and should therefore be targeted in interventions not only to reduce morbidity but also to sustain or even to ameliorate HRQoL

AB - Background Cardiovascular risk management plays an important role in primary care. In patients at high risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) lifestyle and, where appropriate, medical interventions are recommended in guidelines. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in clinical practice. This study aimed to assess the HRQoL of this patient group and to investigate the impact of both patients' characteristics and practice quality scores on their assessments of HRQoL. Methods and Findings An observational study in 218 general practices from 8 European countries was conducted. 2142 patients at risk for CVD (33.5% female) with a mean age of 66.3 (SD 9.1) years completed a questionnaire including the EQ-5D instrument and provided data from medical record. Validated quality indicators of general practices were assessed using practice questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. A hierarchical multilevel analysis was performed to identify predictors of EQ-5D scores at patient and practice level. The mean EQ-5D score was 0.78 (SD 0.19). Female gender (r = −0.03, p<0.0016), age (r = −0.01, p = 0.0387) and lower educational level (r = −0.03, p<0.0001) were correlated negatively with EQ-5D scores. Clinically more important was the correlation of HRQoL with the frequency of practice contacts (r = −0.12, p<0.0001) and the number of uncontrolled risk factors (r = −0.01, p<0.0039). Medication adherence (r = 0.032, p<0.0001), and physical activity (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) were identified as positive predictors of HRQoL. The EUPROPEP-score category ‘organization’ (r = 0.02, p<0.0001) was positively related to EQ-5D scores, whereas other practice scores were not correlated to EQ-5D-scores. Conclusions In patients at risk for CVD, good medication adherence, regular physical activity, controlling of biomedical risk factor levels and patient-centered practice organization have been shown to be positively correlated to HRQoL and should therefore be targeted in interventions not only to reduce morbidity but also to sustain or even to ameliorate HRQoL

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SN - 1932-6203

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