Predictors of Quality of Life in Montreal, Canada

A Longitudinal Study

Jean Caron, Margaret Cargo, Mark Daniel, Aihua Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study sought to assess factors associated with quality of life (QoL), and predictive of improvements in QoL over time, in a population-based cohort study. A 4-year longitudinal survey was administered to 2433 individuals at the study baseline; of these, 1828 individuals participated in Wave 2, and 1303 participated in Wave 3. QoL was measured by the Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale. Thirty-two variables were correlated with baseline QoL and together explained 58.2% of the variance. Eleven variables were independent predictors of improvement in QoL over time. Among these variables, social support and stress/coping showed the strongest association with QoL, and neighbourhood characteristics had an additional influence. Multidimensional modelling of a broad spectrum of the factors related to QoL enabled situating mental health and well-being in an ecological system with attendant implications for public health and social policy intervention to facilitate improvement of QoL in the population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-201
Number of pages13
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Canada
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
quality of life
Quality of Life
Public Policy
satisfaction with life
ecological system
Health Policy
health policy
Social Support
Population
Ecosystem
social support
Mental Health
coping
Cohort Studies
Public Health
public health
well-being

Cite this

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Predictors of Quality of Life in Montreal, Canada : A Longitudinal Study. / Caron, Jean; Cargo, Margaret; Daniel, Mark; Liu, Aihua.

In: Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 55, No. 2, 2019, p. 189-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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