Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand

Maxine Te, Felicity Blackstock, Caroline Fryer, Peter Gardner, Louise Geary, Suzanne Kuys, Kerstin McPherson, Irmina Nahon, Clarice Tang, Lynne Taylor, Gisela Van Kessel, Kelly van der Zwan, Lucy Chipchase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Ensuring physiotherapy students are well prepared to work safely and effectively in culturally diverse societies upon graduation is vital. Therefore, determining whether physiotherapy programs are effectively developing the cultural responsiveness of students is essential. This study aimed to evaluate the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness of entry level physiotherapy students during their training, and explore the factors that might be associated with these levels. Methods: A cross sectional study of physiotherapy students from nine universities across Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire containing three parts: The Cultural Competence Assessment tool, Altemeyer's Dogmatism scale, and the Marlowe-Crowne social desirability scale- short form. Demographic data relating to university, program, and level of study were also collected. Data was analysed using one-way ANOVA, t-tests and multiple regression analysis. Results: A total of 817 (19% response rate) students participated in this study. Overall, students had a moderate level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness (Mean (SD) = 5.15 (0.67)). Fewer number of weeks of clinical placement attended, lower levels of dogmatism, and greater social desirability were related to greater self-perceived cultural responsiveness. Additionally, fourth year undergraduate students perceived themselves to be less culturally responsive than first and second year students (p < 0.05). Conclusions: These results provide educators with knowledge about the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in physiotherapy students, and the factors that may need to be assessed and addressed to support the development of culturally responsive practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number56
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Medical Education
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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entry level
New Zealand
Students
student
dogmatism
Social Desirability
social desirability
competence assessment
Cultural Competency
university
cross-sectional study
Analysis of Variance
regression analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis
Demography
educator
questionnaire

Cite this

Te, Maxine ; Blackstock, Felicity ; Fryer, Caroline ; Gardner, Peter ; Geary, Louise ; Kuys, Suzanne ; McPherson, Kerstin ; Nahon, Irmina ; Tang, Clarice ; Taylor, Lynne ; Van Kessel, Gisela ; van der Zwan, Kelly ; Chipchase, Lucy. / Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand. In: BMC Medical Education. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 1-10.
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title = "Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand",
abstract = "Background: Ensuring physiotherapy students are well prepared to work safely and effectively in culturally diverse societies upon graduation is vital. Therefore, determining whether physiotherapy programs are effectively developing the cultural responsiveness of students is essential. This study aimed to evaluate the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness of entry level physiotherapy students during their training, and explore the factors that might be associated with these levels. Methods: A cross sectional study of physiotherapy students from nine universities across Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire containing three parts: The Cultural Competence Assessment tool, Altemeyer's Dogmatism scale, and the Marlowe-Crowne social desirability scale- short form. Demographic data relating to university, program, and level of study were also collected. Data was analysed using one-way ANOVA, t-tests and multiple regression analysis. Results: A total of 817 (19{\%} response rate) students participated in this study. Overall, students had a moderate level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness (Mean (SD) = 5.15 (0.67)). Fewer number of weeks of clinical placement attended, lower levels of dogmatism, and greater social desirability were related to greater self-perceived cultural responsiveness. Additionally, fourth year undergraduate students perceived themselves to be less culturally responsive than first and second year students (p < 0.05). Conclusions: These results provide educators with knowledge about the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in physiotherapy students, and the factors that may need to be assessed and addressed to support the development of culturally responsive practice.",
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Te, M, Blackstock, F, Fryer, C, Gardner, P, Geary, L, Kuys, S, McPherson, K, Nahon, I, Tang, C, Taylor, L, Van Kessel, G, van der Zwan, K & Chipchase, L 2019, 'Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand', BMC Medical Education, vol. 19, no. 1, 56, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1487-0

Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand. / Te, Maxine; Blackstock, Felicity; Fryer, Caroline; Gardner, Peter; Geary, Louise; Kuys, Suzanne; McPherson, Kerstin; Nahon, Irmina; Tang, Clarice; Taylor, Lynne; Van Kessel, Gisela; van der Zwan, Kelly; Chipchase, Lucy.

In: BMC Medical Education, Vol. 19, No. 1, 56, 2019, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in entry-level physiotherapy students in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand

AU - Te, Maxine

AU - Blackstock, Felicity

AU - Fryer, Caroline

AU - Gardner, Peter

AU - Geary, Louise

AU - Kuys, Suzanne

AU - McPherson, Kerstin

AU - Nahon, Irmina

AU - Tang, Clarice

AU - Taylor, Lynne

AU - Van Kessel, Gisela

AU - van der Zwan, Kelly

AU - Chipchase, Lucy

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Ensuring physiotherapy students are well prepared to work safely and effectively in culturally diverse societies upon graduation is vital. Therefore, determining whether physiotherapy programs are effectively developing the cultural responsiveness of students is essential. This study aimed to evaluate the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness of entry level physiotherapy students during their training, and explore the factors that might be associated with these levels. Methods: A cross sectional study of physiotherapy students from nine universities across Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire containing three parts: The Cultural Competence Assessment tool, Altemeyer's Dogmatism scale, and the Marlowe-Crowne social desirability scale- short form. Demographic data relating to university, program, and level of study were also collected. Data was analysed using one-way ANOVA, t-tests and multiple regression analysis. Results: A total of 817 (19% response rate) students participated in this study. Overall, students had a moderate level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness (Mean (SD) = 5.15 (0.67)). Fewer number of weeks of clinical placement attended, lower levels of dogmatism, and greater social desirability were related to greater self-perceived cultural responsiveness. Additionally, fourth year undergraduate students perceived themselves to be less culturally responsive than first and second year students (p < 0.05). Conclusions: These results provide educators with knowledge about the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in physiotherapy students, and the factors that may need to be assessed and addressed to support the development of culturally responsive practice.

AB - Background: Ensuring physiotherapy students are well prepared to work safely and effectively in culturally diverse societies upon graduation is vital. Therefore, determining whether physiotherapy programs are effectively developing the cultural responsiveness of students is essential. This study aimed to evaluate the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness of entry level physiotherapy students during their training, and explore the factors that might be associated with these levels. Methods: A cross sectional study of physiotherapy students from nine universities across Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand was conducted using an online self-administered questionnaire containing three parts: The Cultural Competence Assessment tool, Altemeyer's Dogmatism scale, and the Marlowe-Crowne social desirability scale- short form. Demographic data relating to university, program, and level of study were also collected. Data was analysed using one-way ANOVA, t-tests and multiple regression analysis. Results: A total of 817 (19% response rate) students participated in this study. Overall, students had a moderate level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness (Mean (SD) = 5.15 (0.67)). Fewer number of weeks of clinical placement attended, lower levels of dogmatism, and greater social desirability were related to greater self-perceived cultural responsiveness. Additionally, fourth year undergraduate students perceived themselves to be less culturally responsive than first and second year students (p < 0.05). Conclusions: These results provide educators with knowledge about the level of self-perceived cultural responsiveness in physiotherapy students, and the factors that may need to be assessed and addressed to support the development of culturally responsive practice.

KW - Cultural responsiveness

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