Prehistoric bird extinctions and human hunting

R.P. Duncan, T.M. Blackburn, T.H. Worthy

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    63 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Holocene fossils document the extinction of hundreds of bird species on Pacific islands during prehistoric human occupation. Human hunting is implicated in these extinctions, but the impact of hunting is difficult to disentangle from the effects of other changes induced by humans, including habitat destruction and the introduction of other mammalian predators. Here, we use data from bones collected at a natural sand dune site and associated archaeological middens in New Zealand to show that, having controlled for differences in body mass and family membership (and hence for variation in life-history traits related to population growth rate), birds that were more intensively hunted by prehistoric humans had a higher probability of extinction. This result cannot be attributed to preservation biases and provides clear evidence that selective hunting contributed significantly to prehistoric bird extinctions at this site.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)517-521
    Number of pages5
    JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
    Volume269
    Issue number1490
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Cite this

    Duncan, R.P. ; Blackburn, T.M. ; Worthy, T.H. / Prehistoric bird extinctions and human hunting. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2002 ; Vol. 269, No. 1490. pp. 517-521.
    @article{f2eadc0381924bd29b308e157130aa43,
    title = "Prehistoric bird extinctions and human hunting",
    abstract = "Holocene fossils document the extinction of hundreds of bird species on Pacific islands during prehistoric human occupation. Human hunting is implicated in these extinctions, but the impact of hunting is difficult to disentangle from the effects of other changes induced by humans, including habitat destruction and the introduction of other mammalian predators. Here, we use data from bones collected at a natural sand dune site and associated archaeological middens in New Zealand to show that, having controlled for differences in body mass and family membership (and hence for variation in life-history traits related to population growth rate), birds that were more intensively hunted by prehistoric humans had a higher probability of extinction. This result cannot be attributed to preservation biases and provides clear evidence that selective hunting contributed significantly to prehistoric bird extinctions at this site.",
    author = "R.P. Duncan and T.M. Blackburn and T.H. Worthy",
    note = "cited By 59",
    year = "2002",
    doi = "10.1098/rspb.2001.1918",
    language = "Undefined",
    volume = "269",
    pages = "517--521",
    journal = "Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences",
    issn = "0962-8452",
    publisher = "Royal Society of London",
    number = "1490",

    }

    Prehistoric bird extinctions and human hunting. / Duncan, R.P.; Blackburn, T.M.; Worthy, T.H.

    In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 269, No. 1490, 2002, p. 517-521.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Prehistoric bird extinctions and human hunting

    AU - Duncan, R.P.

    AU - Blackburn, T.M.

    AU - Worthy, T.H.

    N1 - cited By 59

    PY - 2002

    Y1 - 2002

    N2 - Holocene fossils document the extinction of hundreds of bird species on Pacific islands during prehistoric human occupation. Human hunting is implicated in these extinctions, but the impact of hunting is difficult to disentangle from the effects of other changes induced by humans, including habitat destruction and the introduction of other mammalian predators. Here, we use data from bones collected at a natural sand dune site and associated archaeological middens in New Zealand to show that, having controlled for differences in body mass and family membership (and hence for variation in life-history traits related to population growth rate), birds that were more intensively hunted by prehistoric humans had a higher probability of extinction. This result cannot be attributed to preservation biases and provides clear evidence that selective hunting contributed significantly to prehistoric bird extinctions at this site.

    AB - Holocene fossils document the extinction of hundreds of bird species on Pacific islands during prehistoric human occupation. Human hunting is implicated in these extinctions, but the impact of hunting is difficult to disentangle from the effects of other changes induced by humans, including habitat destruction and the introduction of other mammalian predators. Here, we use data from bones collected at a natural sand dune site and associated archaeological middens in New Zealand to show that, having controlled for differences in body mass and family membership (and hence for variation in life-history traits related to population growth rate), birds that were more intensively hunted by prehistoric humans had a higher probability of extinction. This result cannot be attributed to preservation biases and provides clear evidence that selective hunting contributed significantly to prehistoric bird extinctions at this site.

    U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2001.1918

    DO - 10.1098/rspb.2001.1918

    M3 - Article

    VL - 269

    SP - 517

    EP - 521

    JO - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

    JF - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

    SN - 0962-8452

    IS - 1490

    ER -