Preliminary development and validation of an Australian Community Participation Questionnaire: Type of participation and associations with distress in an Australian coastal region

Helen Berry, Bryan Rodgers, Keith Dear

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Participating in the social and civic life of communities is protectively associated with the onset and course of physical and mental disorders, and is considered important in achieving health promotion goals. Despite its importance in health research, there is no systematically developed measure of community participation. Our aim was to undertake the preliminary development of a community participation questionnaire, including validating it against an external reference, general psychological distress. Participants were 963 randomly selected community members, aged 19-97, from coastal New South Wales, Australia, who completed an anonymous postal survey. There were 14 types of community participation, most of which were characterised by personal involvement, initiative and effort. Frequency of participation varied across types and between women and men. Based on multiple linear regression analyses, controlling for socio-demographic factors, nine types of participation were independently and significantly associated with general psychological distress. Unexpectedly, for two of these, "expressing opinions publicly" and "political protest", higher levels of participation were associated with higher levels of distress. The other seven were: contact with immediate household, extended family, friends, and neighbours; participating in organised community activities; taking an active interest in current affairs; and religious observance. We called these the "Big 7". Higher levels of participation in the Big 7 were associated with lower levels of distress. Participating in an increasing number of the Big 7 types of participation was strongly associated in linear fashion with decreasing distress
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1719-1737
Number of pages19
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume64
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

coastal region
participation
questionnaire
Psychology
community
South Australia
New South Wales
Health Promotion
Mental Disorders
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Demography
Health
current affairs
Research
Community Participation
Surveys and Questionnaires
Participation
Questionnaire
Coast

Cite this

@article{4e0960da692e41d9a64843be27b863a8,
title = "Preliminary development and validation of an Australian Community Participation Questionnaire: Type of participation and associations with distress in an Australian coastal region",
abstract = "Participating in the social and civic life of communities is protectively associated with the onset and course of physical and mental disorders, and is considered important in achieving health promotion goals. Despite its importance in health research, there is no systematically developed measure of community participation. Our aim was to undertake the preliminary development of a community participation questionnaire, including validating it against an external reference, general psychological distress. Participants were 963 randomly selected community members, aged 19-97, from coastal New South Wales, Australia, who completed an anonymous postal survey. There were 14 types of community participation, most of which were characterised by personal involvement, initiative and effort. Frequency of participation varied across types and between women and men. Based on multiple linear regression analyses, controlling for socio-demographic factors, nine types of participation were independently and significantly associated with general psychological distress. Unexpectedly, for two of these, {"}expressing opinions publicly{"} and {"}political protest{"}, higher levels of participation were associated with higher levels of distress. The other seven were: contact with immediate household, extended family, friends, and neighbours; participating in organised community activities; taking an active interest in current affairs; and religious observance. We called these the {"}Big 7{"}. Higher levels of participation in the Big 7 were associated with lower levels of distress. Participating in an increasing number of the Big 7 types of participation was strongly associated in linear fashion with decreasing distress",
author = "Helen Berry and Bryan Rodgers and Keith Dear",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.12.009",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "1719--1737",
journal = "Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "8",

}

Preliminary development and validation of an Australian Community Participation Questionnaire: Type of participation and associations with distress in an Australian coastal region. / Berry, Helen; Rodgers, Bryan; Dear, Keith.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 64, No. 8, 2007, p. 1719-1737.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preliminary development and validation of an Australian Community Participation Questionnaire: Type of participation and associations with distress in an Australian coastal region

AU - Berry, Helen

AU - Rodgers, Bryan

AU - Dear, Keith

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Participating in the social and civic life of communities is protectively associated with the onset and course of physical and mental disorders, and is considered important in achieving health promotion goals. Despite its importance in health research, there is no systematically developed measure of community participation. Our aim was to undertake the preliminary development of a community participation questionnaire, including validating it against an external reference, general psychological distress. Participants were 963 randomly selected community members, aged 19-97, from coastal New South Wales, Australia, who completed an anonymous postal survey. There were 14 types of community participation, most of which were characterised by personal involvement, initiative and effort. Frequency of participation varied across types and between women and men. Based on multiple linear regression analyses, controlling for socio-demographic factors, nine types of participation were independently and significantly associated with general psychological distress. Unexpectedly, for two of these, "expressing opinions publicly" and "political protest", higher levels of participation were associated with higher levels of distress. The other seven were: contact with immediate household, extended family, friends, and neighbours; participating in organised community activities; taking an active interest in current affairs; and religious observance. We called these the "Big 7". Higher levels of participation in the Big 7 were associated with lower levels of distress. Participating in an increasing number of the Big 7 types of participation was strongly associated in linear fashion with decreasing distress

AB - Participating in the social and civic life of communities is protectively associated with the onset and course of physical and mental disorders, and is considered important in achieving health promotion goals. Despite its importance in health research, there is no systematically developed measure of community participation. Our aim was to undertake the preliminary development of a community participation questionnaire, including validating it against an external reference, general psychological distress. Participants were 963 randomly selected community members, aged 19-97, from coastal New South Wales, Australia, who completed an anonymous postal survey. There were 14 types of community participation, most of which were characterised by personal involvement, initiative and effort. Frequency of participation varied across types and between women and men. Based on multiple linear regression analyses, controlling for socio-demographic factors, nine types of participation were independently and significantly associated with general psychological distress. Unexpectedly, for two of these, "expressing opinions publicly" and "political protest", higher levels of participation were associated with higher levels of distress. The other seven were: contact with immediate household, extended family, friends, and neighbours; participating in organised community activities; taking an active interest in current affairs; and religious observance. We called these the "Big 7". Higher levels of participation in the Big 7 were associated with lower levels of distress. Participating in an increasing number of the Big 7 types of participation was strongly associated in linear fashion with decreasing distress

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.12.009

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.12.009

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 1719

EP - 1737

JO - Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine

JF - Social Science Medicine Social Science Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

IS - 8

ER -