Preparticipation predictors for championship injury and illness

cohort study at the Beijing 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships

Toomas Timpka, Jenny Jacobsson, Victor Bargoria, Julien D Périard, Sébastien Racinais, Ola Ronsen, Karin Halje, Christer Andersson, Örjan Dahlström, Armin Spreco, Pascal Edouard, Juan-Manuel Alonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship.

METHODS: A cohort study design was used. Before the 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships in Athletics, all 207 registered national teams were approached about partaking in a study of preparticipation health; 50 teams accepted. The athletes (n=957) in the participating teams were invited to complete a preparticipation health questionnaire (PHQ). New injuries and illnesses that occurred at the championships were prospectively recorded. Logistic regression analyses were performed with simple and multiple models using any in-championship injury and in-championship illness as outcomes.

RESULTS: The PHQ was completed by 307 (32.1%) of the invited athletes; 116 athletes (38.3%) reported an injury symptom during the month before the championships, while 40 athletes (13%) reported an illness symptom. 20 (6.5%) of the participating athletes sustained a health problem during the championships. Endurance athletes were almost 10-fold more likely to sustain an in-championship illness than speed/power athletes (OR, 9.88; 95% CI 1.20 to 81.31; p=0.033). Participants reporting a preparticipation gradual-onset injury symptom were three times more likely (OR, 3.09; 95% CI 1.08 to 8.79; p=0.035) and those reporting an illness symptom causing anxiety were fivefold more likely (OR, 5.56; 95% CI 1.34 to 23.15; p=0.018) to sustain an in-championship injury.

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: Analyses of preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship suggest that endurance athletes require particular clinical attention. Preparticipation symptoms causing anxiety are interesting predictors for in-championship health problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-276
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Athletes
Sports
Cohort Studies
Wounds and Injuries
Health
Anxiety
Beijing
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Cite this

Timpka, Toomas ; Jacobsson, Jenny ; Bargoria, Victor ; Périard, Julien D ; Racinais, Sébastien ; Ronsen, Ola ; Halje, Karin ; Andersson, Christer ; Dahlström, Örjan ; Spreco, Armin ; Edouard, Pascal ; Alonso, Juan-Manuel. / Preparticipation predictors for championship injury and illness : cohort study at the Beijing 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 51, No. 4. pp. 271-276.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To determine preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship.METHODS: A cohort study design was used. Before the 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships in Athletics, all 207 registered national teams were approached about partaking in a study of preparticipation health; 50 teams accepted. The athletes (n=957) in the participating teams were invited to complete a preparticipation health questionnaire (PHQ). New injuries and illnesses that occurred at the championships were prospectively recorded. Logistic regression analyses were performed with simple and multiple models using any in-championship injury and in-championship illness as outcomes.RESULTS: The PHQ was completed by 307 (32.1{\%}) of the invited athletes; 116 athletes (38.3{\%}) reported an injury symptom during the month before the championships, while 40 athletes (13{\%}) reported an illness symptom. 20 (6.5{\%}) of the participating athletes sustained a health problem during the championships. Endurance athletes were almost 10-fold more likely to sustain an in-championship illness than speed/power athletes (OR, 9.88; 95{\%} CI 1.20 to 81.31; p=0.033). Participants reporting a preparticipation gradual-onset injury symptom were three times more likely (OR, 3.09; 95{\%} CI 1.08 to 8.79; p=0.035) and those reporting an illness symptom causing anxiety were fivefold more likely (OR, 5.56; 95{\%} CI 1.34 to 23.15; p=0.018) to sustain an in-championship injury.SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: Analyses of preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship suggest that endurance athletes require particular clinical attention. Preparticipation symptoms causing anxiety are interesting predictors for in-championship health problems.",
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Timpka, T, Jacobsson, J, Bargoria, V, Périard, JD, Racinais, S, Ronsen, O, Halje, K, Andersson, C, Dahlström, Ö, Spreco, A, Edouard, P & Alonso, J-M 2017, 'Preparticipation predictors for championship injury and illness: cohort study at the Beijing 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships', British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 271-276. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096580

Preparticipation predictors for championship injury and illness : cohort study at the Beijing 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships. / Timpka, Toomas; Jacobsson, Jenny; Bargoria, Victor; Périard, Julien D; Racinais, Sébastien; Ronsen, Ola; Halje, Karin; Andersson, Christer; Dahlström, Örjan; Spreco, Armin; Edouard, Pascal; Alonso, Juan-Manuel.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 51, No. 4, 02.2017, p. 271-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Preparticipation predictors for championship injury and illness

T2 - cohort study at the Beijing 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships

AU - Timpka, Toomas

AU - Jacobsson, Jenny

AU - Bargoria, Victor

AU - Périard, Julien D

AU - Racinais, Sébastien

AU - Ronsen, Ola

AU - Halje, Karin

AU - Andersson, Christer

AU - Dahlström, Örjan

AU - Spreco, Armin

AU - Edouard, Pascal

AU - Alonso, Juan-Manuel

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

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N2 - OBJECTIVES: To determine preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship.METHODS: A cohort study design was used. Before the 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships in Athletics, all 207 registered national teams were approached about partaking in a study of preparticipation health; 50 teams accepted. The athletes (n=957) in the participating teams were invited to complete a preparticipation health questionnaire (PHQ). New injuries and illnesses that occurred at the championships were prospectively recorded. Logistic regression analyses were performed with simple and multiple models using any in-championship injury and in-championship illness as outcomes.RESULTS: The PHQ was completed by 307 (32.1%) of the invited athletes; 116 athletes (38.3%) reported an injury symptom during the month before the championships, while 40 athletes (13%) reported an illness symptom. 20 (6.5%) of the participating athletes sustained a health problem during the championships. Endurance athletes were almost 10-fold more likely to sustain an in-championship illness than speed/power athletes (OR, 9.88; 95% CI 1.20 to 81.31; p=0.033). Participants reporting a preparticipation gradual-onset injury symptom were three times more likely (OR, 3.09; 95% CI 1.08 to 8.79; p=0.035) and those reporting an illness symptom causing anxiety were fivefold more likely (OR, 5.56; 95% CI 1.34 to 23.15; p=0.018) to sustain an in-championship injury.SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: Analyses of preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship suggest that endurance athletes require particular clinical attention. Preparticipation symptoms causing anxiety are interesting predictors for in-championship health problems.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To determine preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship.METHODS: A cohort study design was used. Before the 2015 International Association of Athletics Federations World Championships in Athletics, all 207 registered national teams were approached about partaking in a study of preparticipation health; 50 teams accepted. The athletes (n=957) in the participating teams were invited to complete a preparticipation health questionnaire (PHQ). New injuries and illnesses that occurred at the championships were prospectively recorded. Logistic regression analyses were performed with simple and multiple models using any in-championship injury and in-championship illness as outcomes.RESULTS: The PHQ was completed by 307 (32.1%) of the invited athletes; 116 athletes (38.3%) reported an injury symptom during the month before the championships, while 40 athletes (13%) reported an illness symptom. 20 (6.5%) of the participating athletes sustained a health problem during the championships. Endurance athletes were almost 10-fold more likely to sustain an in-championship illness than speed/power athletes (OR, 9.88; 95% CI 1.20 to 81.31; p=0.033). Participants reporting a preparticipation gradual-onset injury symptom were three times more likely (OR, 3.09; 95% CI 1.08 to 8.79; p=0.035) and those reporting an illness symptom causing anxiety were fivefold more likely (OR, 5.56; 95% CI 1.34 to 23.15; p=0.018) to sustain an in-championship injury.SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: Analyses of preparticipation predictors of injury and illness at a major Athletics championship suggest that endurance athletes require particular clinical attention. Preparticipation symptoms causing anxiety are interesting predictors for in-championship health problems.

KW - Adult

KW - Athletes

KW - Athletic Injuries

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Sports

KW - Sports Medicine

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

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JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

SN - 0306-3674

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ER -